0.1.5 • Public • Published

    Instant YAML

    pipeline status

    A very simple parser for sort of YAML format



    What is it?

    • It is small.
      The minified non-GZipped version is about 7 KiByte in size, only.
    • It is fast.
      Files are parsed in a single pass. Information is often cached. The processor consists of two functions preventing deep stack frames while parsing. There is little use of intermittent data.
    • It works out of the box.
      Due to including minified version you can fetch the package via a CDN like jsdelivr or unpkg.
    • It runs in a browser without need for any shim to fake NodeJS features. The included sandbox works in MSIE 11, too.
    • It reads simple YAML files.

    What is it not?

    • I'm pretty sure it does not comply with YAML specifications in several situations. Maybe it is thus misleading to call it a YAML parser at all, but the supported syntax is a subset of YAML as specified. Please check out the conversion test data to see the syntax actually supported by this parser.
    • It doesn't support any of the more fancy types of data that come with more recent specifications.
    • It doesn't care for schemes.

    Why should you use it?

    If you don't care about the missing features, the benefits promoted above should be motivation enough.

    Maybe it helps to explain, why we are using it: We prefer YAML over JSON when asking regular users to provide structured information. That is because YAML is a more human-friendly format. So, when you have an application that processes user-provided data you might want to use YAML instead of JSON as well. If your application is meant to run in a user's browser using this YAML parser might be an option, as well.

    What are we using it for?

    This parser has been developed as part of our forms processor which is an engine for having quite complex sequences of forms rendered in a browser. This engine takes a just as complex definition of that sequence. As it turned out YAML is much easier to manage long term than JSON and it is much easier to comprehend and to master for users that come from a less technical background.

    That engine is designed to run in a browser. We've checked out js-yaml and yaml but dropped them for their dependencies on additional packages and for increasing the engine's size by roughly 50%. That's unacceptable ... in the end we've started developing our own YAML parser.

    What part of YAML syntax is supported?

    • The parser basically supports sequences:

      - first
      - second
      - third
    • The parser basically supports collections:

      lastname: Doe
      firstname: John
      age: unknown
    • Collections and sequences can be nested:

      - lastname: Doe
        firstname: John
        age: unknown
      - lastname: Doe
        firstname: Jane
        age: unknown


      lastname: Doe
      firstname: John
        - bikes
        - cars
        - planes
    • It supports basic types of scalar values such string, numeric, boolean and null value.

      string: any text
      quoted-value: "using double quotes"
      alt-quoted: 'using single quotes'
      "quoted names": supported
      numeric: 1.0
      boolean: true
      explicit-null: null
    • It doesn't support multiple documents using --- to separate documents from each other.

    • At root level, any document must start with a collection or a sequence.

    • Long strings can be folded to span multiple lines, but flow-style scalars are not supported.

      story: |
        Well, this is going to take some lines to write down
        my story. But let's start at the beginning ...

      Folding with > is supported as well.

    • You can use comments starting with #.

    How To Use It

    The Instant Way

    The parser is implemented as a CommonJS module. You might inject it in an HTML document like this:

    <script type="application/javascript">
        const module = {
            exports: window,
    <script type="application/javascript" src="parser.min.js"></script>
    <script type="application/javascript">
        const data = YAML.parse( "# This is some sort of YAML code\n\n" )

    The first script block is used to forward the module's export to become globally available in context of current window. That's why importing the module in second script block exposes the parser in global variable YAML which is then used in third script block.

    The Preferred Way

    When using as a dependency you should always rely on tools such as webpack or rollup to merge your code and all your dependencies like this one into one file. Thus, you first have to add this package as a dependency:

    npm install instant-yaml

    After that you might import it in your code:

    const { YAML } = require( "instant-yaml" );
    const data = YAML.parse( "# This is some sort of YAML code\n\n" )


    import { YAML } from "instant-yaml";
    const data = YAML.parse( "# This is some sort of YAML code\n\n" )


    npm i instant-yaml

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    38.6 kB

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    • soletan
    • simon.friedo