input-otp
TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

1.2.4 • Public • Published

The only accessible & unstyled & full featured Input OTP component in the Web.

OTP Input for React 🔐 by @guilhermerodz

https://github.com/guilhermerodz/input-otp/assets/10366880/753751f5-eda8-4145-a4b9-7ef51ca5e453

Usage

npm install input-otp

Then import the component.

+'use client'
+import { OTPInput } from 'input-otp'

function MyForm() {
  return <form>
+   <OTPInput maxLength={6} render={({slots})  => (...)} />
  </form>
}

Default example

The example below uses tailwindcss @shadcn/ui tailwind-merge clsx:

'use client'
import { OTPInput, SlotProps } from 'input-otp'
<OTPInput
  maxLength={6}
  containerClassName="group flex items-center has-[:disabled]:opacity-30"
  render={({ slots }) => (
    <>
      <div className="flex">
        {slots.slice(0, 3).map((slot, idx) => (
          <Slot key={idx} {...slot} />
        ))}
      </div>

      <FakeDash />

      <div className="flex">
        {slots.slice(3).map((slot, idx) => (
          <Slot key={idx} {...slot} />
        ))}
      </div>
    </>
  )}
/>

// Feel free to copy. Uses @shadcn/ui tailwind colors.
function Slot(props: SlotProps) {
  return (
    <div
      className={cn(
        'relative w-10 h-14 text-[2rem]',
        'flex items-center justify-center',
        'transition-all duration-300',
        'border-border border-y border-r first:border-l first:rounded-l-md last:rounded-r-md',
        'group-hover:border-accent-foreground/20 group-focus-within:border-accent-foreground/20',
        'outline outline-0 outline-accent-foreground/20',
        { 'outline-4 outline-accent-foreground': props.isActive },
      )}
    >
      {props.char !== null && <div>{props.char}</div>}
      {props.hasFakeCaret && <FakeCaret />}
    </div>
  )
}

// You can emulate a fake textbox caret!
function FakeCaret() {
  return (
    <div className="absolute pointer-events-none inset-0 flex items-center justify-center animate-caret-blink">
      <div className="w-px h-8 bg-white" />
    </div>
  )
}

// Inspired by Stripe's MFA input.
function FakeDash() {
  return (
    <div className="flex w-10 justify-center items-center">
      <div className="w-3 h-1 rounded-full bg-border" />
    </div>
  )
}

// tailwind.config.ts for the blinking caret animation.
const config = {
  theme: {
    extend: {
      keyframes: {
        'caret-blink': {
          '0%,70%,100%': { opacity: '1' },
          '20%,50%': { opacity: '0' },
        },
      },
      animation: {
        'caret-blink': 'caret-blink 1.2s ease-out infinite',
      },
    },
  },
}

// Small utility to merge class names.
import { clsx } from 'clsx'
import { twMerge } from 'tailwind-merge'

import type { ClassValue } from 'clsx'

export function cn(...inputs: ClassValue[]) {
  return twMerge(clsx(inputs))
}

How it works

There's currently no native OTP/2FA/MFA input in HTML, which means people are either going with 1. a simple input design or 2. custom designs like this one. This library works by rendering an invisible input as a sibling of the slots, contained by a relatively positioned parent (the container root called OTPInput).

Features

This is the most complete OTP input on the web. It's fully featured

Supports iOS + Android copy-paste-cut

https://github.com/guilhermerodz/input-otp/assets/10366880/bdbdc96a-23da-4e89-bff8-990e6a1c4c23

Automatic OTP code retrieval from transport (e.g SMS)

By default, this input uses autocomplete='one-timecode' and it works as it's a single input.

https://github.com/guilhermerodz/input-otp/assets/10366880/5705dac6-9159-443b-9c27-b52e93c60ea8

Supports screen readers (a11y)

Stripe was my first inspiration to build this library.

Take a look at Stripe's input. The screen reader does not behave like it normally should on a normal single input. That's because Stripe's solution is to render a 1-digit input with "clone-divs" rendering a single char per div.

https://github.com/guilhermerodz/input-otp/assets/10366880/3d127aef-147c-4f28-9f6c-57a357a802d0

So we're rendering a single input with invisible/transparent colors instead. The screen reader now gets to read it, but there is no appearance. Feel free to build whatever UI you want:

https://github.com/guilhermerodz/input-otp/assets/10366880/718710f0-2198-418c-8fa0-46c05ae5475d

Supports all keybindings

Should be able to support all keybindings of a common text input as it's an input.

https://github.com/guilhermerodz/input-otp/assets/10366880/185985c0-af64-48eb-92f9-2e59be9eb78f

Automatically optimizes for password managers

For password managers such as LastPass, 1Password, Dashlane or Bitwarden, input-otp will automatically detect them in the page and increase input width by ~40px to trick the password manager's browser extension and prevent the badge from rendering to the last/right slot of the input.

image
  • This feature is optional and it's enabled by default. You can disable this optimization by adding pushPasswordManagerStrategy="none".
  • This feature does not cause visible layout shift.

Auto tracks if the input has space in the right side for the badge

https://github.com/guilhermerodz/input-otp/assets/10366880/bf01af88-1f82-463e-adf4-54a737a92f59

API Reference

OTPInput

The root container. Define settings for the input via props. Then, use the render prop to create the slots.

Props

type OTPInputProps = {
  // The number of slots
  maxLength: number

  // Render function creating the slots
  render: (props: RenderProps) => React.ReactElement
  // PS: Render prop is mandatory, except in cases
  // you'd like to consume the original Context API.
  // (search for Context in this docs)

  // The class name for the root container
  containerClassName?: string

  // Value state controlling the input
  value?: string
  // Setter for the controlled value (or callback for uncontrolled value)
  onChange?: (newValue: string) => unknown

  // Callback when the input is complete
  onComplete?: (...args: any[]) => unknown

  // Where is the text located within the input
  // Affects click-holding or long-press behavior
  // Default: 'left'
  textAlign?: 'left' | 'center' | 'right'

  // Virtual keyboard appearance on mobile
  // Default: 'numeric'
  inputMode?: 'numeric' | 'text' | 'decimal' | 'tel' | 'search' | 'email' | 'url'

  // Enabled by default, it's an optional
  // strategy for detecting Password Managers
  // in the page and then shifting their
  // badges to the right side, outside the input.
  pushPasswordManagerStrategy?:
    | 'increase-width'
    | 'none'

  // Enabled by default, it's an optional
  // fallback for pages without JS.
  // This is a CSS string. Write your own
  // rules that will be applied as soon as
  // <noscript> is parsed for no-js pages.
  // Use `null` to disable any no-js fallback (not recommended).
  // Default: `
  // [data-input-otp] {
  //   --nojs-bg: white !important;
  //   --nojs-fg: black !important;
  // 
  //   background-color: var(--nojs-bg) !important;
  //   color: var(--nojs-fg) !important;
  //   caret-color: var(--nojs-fg) !important;
  //   letter-spacing: .25em !important;
  //   text-align: center !important;
  //   border: 1px solid var(--nojs-fg) !important;
  //   border-radius: 4px !important;
  //   width: 100% !important;
  // }
  // @media (prefers-color-scheme: dark) {
  //   [data-input-otp] {
  //     --nojs-bg: black !important;
  //     --nojs-fg: white !important;
  //   }
  // }`
  noScriptCSSFallback?: string | null
}

Examples

Automatic form submission on OTP completion
export default function Page() {
  const formRef = useRef<HTMLFormElement>(null)
  const buttonRef = useRef<HTMLButtonElement>(null)

  return (
    <form ref={formRef}>
      <OTPInput
        // ... automatically submit the form
        onComplete={() => formRef.current?.submit()}
        // ... or focus the button like as you wish
        onComplete={() => buttonRef.current?.focus()}
      />

      <button ref={buttonRef}>Submit</button>
    </form>
  )
}
Automatically focus the input when the page loads
export default function Page() {
  return (
    <form ref={formRef}>
      <OTPInput
        autoFocus
        // Pro tip: accepts all common HTML input props...
      />
    </form>
  )
}

Caveats

[Workaround] If you want to block specific password manager/badges:

By default, input-otp handles password managers for you. The password manager badges should be automatically shifted to the right side.

However, if you still want to block password managers, please disable the pushPasswordManagerStrategy and then manually block each PWM.

<OTPInput
  // First, disable library's built-in strategy
  // for shifting badges automatically
- pushPasswordManagerStrategy="increase-width"
+ pushPasswordManagerStrategy="none"
  // Then, manually add specifics attributes
  // your password manager docs
  // Example: block LastPass
+ data-lpignore="true" 
  // Example: block 1Password
+ data-1p-ignore="true"
/>
[Setting] If you want to customize the `noscript` CSS fallback

By default, input-otp handles cases where JS is not in the page by applying custom CSS styles. If you do not like the fallback design and want to apply it to your own, just pass a prop:

// This is the default CSS fallback.
// Feel free to change it entirely and apply to your design system.
const NOSCRIPT_CSS_FALLBACK = `
[data-input-otp] {
  --nojs-bg: white !important;
  --nojs-fg: black !important;

  background-color: var(--nojs-bg) !important;
  color: var(--nojs-fg) !important;
  caret-color: var(--nojs-fg) !important;
  letter-spacing: .25em !important;
  text-align: center !important;
  border: 1px solid var(--nojs-fg) !important;
  border-radius: 4px !important;
  width: 100% !important;
}
@media (prefers-color-scheme: dark) {
  [data-input-otp] {
    --nojs-bg: black !important;
    --nojs-fg: white !important;
  }
}`

<OTPInput
  // Pass your own custom styles for when JS is disabled
+ noScriptCSSFallback={NOSCRIPT_CSS_FALLBACK}
/>
[Workaround] If you're experiencing an unwanted border on input focus:
<OTPInput
  // Add class to the input itself
+ className="focus-visible:ring-0"
  // Not the container
  containerClassName="..."
/>
[Not Recommended] If you want to centralize input text/selection, use the `textAlign` prop:
<OTPInput
  // customizable but not recommended
+ textAlign="center"
/>

NOTE: this also affects the selected caret position after a touch/click.

textAlign="left"

textAlign="center"

textAlign="right"

If you want to use Context props:
+import { OTPInputContext } from 'input-otp'

function MyForm() {
  return (
    <OTPInput
-     // First remove the `render` prop
-     render={...}
    >
      <OTPInputWrapper />
    </OTPInput>
  )
}

+function OTPInputWrapper() {
+ const inputContext = React.useContext(OTPInputContext)
+ return (
+   <>
+     {inputContext.slots.map((slot, idx) => (
+       <Slot key={idx} {...slot} />
+     ))}
+   </>
+ )
+}

NOTE: this also affects the selected caret position after a touch/click.

textAlign="left"

textAlign="center"

textAlign="right"

[DX] Add Tailwind autocomplete for `containerClassname` attribute in VS Code.

Add the following setting to your .vscode/settings.json:

{
  "tailwindCSS.classAttributes": [
    "class",
    "className",
+   ".*ClassName"
  ]
}

Package Sidebar

Install

npm i input-otp

Weekly Downloads

167,060

Version

1.2.4

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

110 kB

Total Files

8

Last publish

Collaborators

  • guilhermerodz