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image-steam

0.52.0 • Public • Published

image-steam

A simple, fast, and highly customizable realtime image manipulation web server built atop Node.js. Serving (many) millions of images daily by way of simple (single DC, simple storage) and advanced (multi-DC geo-distributed, replicated storage, multi-tier caching) configurations. Responsible in part for this white paper.

Notice: v0.41 Introduces Minor Breaking Changes

NPM

What is Image Steam?

NPM

http://localhost:13337/my-app/some-path/my-image.jpg/:/rs=w:640/cr=l:5%25,t:10%25,w:90%25,h:80%25/fx-gs

Consider the above isteam example, by allowing clients to directly request any variation of an image using few or many image instructions, and in near realtime. This opens the doors to improved user and developer experiences. The above example takes the requested image some-path/my-image.jpg, resizes to a fixed width (preserving aspect, by default), crops around the edges like a picture frame, applies greyscale effects, and will auto-select the most optimal image format supported by the requesting device -- all without developer support, and in (near) realtime.

Layer Info
node.js http(s) RESTful interface
routing URI pathing that make up the desired image operations. Device aware - Supports implied optimizations based on the given request (notably webp support)
throttling Quality of service management
security Allows protecting resources behind the tranformations via signed requests
optimized original Optimization of uploaded originals
storage Storage engine for reads (original or cache) and writes (cache). Extensible storage clients for storage and caching
processor Image operations (resize, crop, etc) go here, powered by Sharp and libvips

Why Image Steam?

There are a number of options out there, but isteam differentiates itself by:

Feature Info
Highly configurable Everything all the way down to how image operations are mapped can be overridden. Most solutions are very prescriptive on how it must work. isteam is intended to adhere to your architecture, your storage, your caching, your replication patterns
Optimized Optimizes originally uploaded asset to account for large uploads, enabling a higher quality service by making the pipeline for image operations substantially faster. A critical feature in supporting large media of todays modern devices
QoS Quality of service features such as throttling and memory thresholds, to best take advantage of your hardware under ideal and non ideal scenarios
Device Aware Device centric responses, where more than a URI may influence response. Compression and Accepts header (i.e. WebP) being examples
CDN Support Supported, but not required
Library Agnostic Provides an abstraction atop image processing libraries, enabling per-operation level of control to enable using the right tool for the given operation. Bugs, features, performance are a few of the factors that may influence this
Friendly CLI No custom app required to create your image API
Platform Agnostic Good *Nix & Windows support

Installation

The speed and power of this module would not be possible without the incredible work of libvips (low level image processor), Sharp (depends on libvips), and xxHash for lightning-fast hashing.

Install Sharp via http://sharp.dimens.io/en/stable/install/ - This should also take care of the libvips dependency.

Usage

Standalone Server

While Routing, Throttling, and Storage are all independently usable and configurable, a basic usage example that pulls everything together can be as simple as:

npm install image-steam -g
isteam --isConfig './myconfig.json' --isConfig './mydefaults.json'

Defaults are optional. Config can also be a CommonJS file:

isteam --isConfig './myconfig.js'

Connect Middleware

Or if you prefer to incorporate into your own app:

var http = require('http');
var imgSteam = require('image-steam');

http.createServer(new imgSteam.http.Connect({ /* options */ }).getHandler())
  .listen(13337, '127.0.0.1')
;

Which is equivalent of cloning this repo and invoking npm start.

Cloning

If you plan to hack on isteam:

git clone git@github.com:asilvas/node-image-steam.git
cd ./node-image-steam
npm install
npm start

^ May require sudo or admin rights.

Performance

While this module provides granular control over HTTP throttling to provide the highest quality of service possible, performance is entirely from Sharp and libvips: http://sharp.dimens.io/en/stable/performance/#performance

Options

isteam --isConfig './myconfig.json'

HTTP Options

{
  "http": [
    { "port": 80 },
    { "port": 443, "ssl": {} }
  ]
}
Option Type Default Info
port number 13337 Port to bind to
host string "localhost" Host to bind to
backlog number 511 TCP backlog
ssl TLS Options undefined If object provided, will bind with TLS Options
ssl.pfx Buffer or string undefined If string, will auto-load from file system
ssl.key Buffer or string undefined If string, will auto-load from file system
ssl.cert Buffer or string undefined If string, will auto-load from file system
globalAgent AgentKeepAlive Defaults If object, will initialize the global http(s) agents

Storage Options

{
  "storage": {
    "defaults": {
      "driverPath": "image-steam-s3",
      "endpoint": "s3.amazonaws.com",
      "accessKey": "abc",
      "secretKey": "123"
    }
  }
}
Option Type Default Info
defaults StorageOptions optional If provided, these options will be the defaults applied to all StorageOptions. Note: At least one of defaults, app, domain, or header are required
app Object<StorageOptions> optional If provided, allows for driver-specific options to be applied on a per-request basis, based on the route. If no match is found, the original options provided at initialization will be used. Example: { "some-app": StorageOptions } }.
domain Object<StorageOptions> optional If provided, allows for driver-specific options to be applied on a per-request basis, based on the host header. If no match is found, the original options provided at initialization will be used. Example: { "somedomain.com": StorageOptions }. Note: You must still provide root level storage options to act as defaults
header Object<StorageOptions> optional If provided, allows for driver-specific options to be applied on a per-request basis, based on x-isteam-app header. If no match is found, the original options provided at initialization will be used. Example: { "some-other-app": StorageOptions }. Note: You must still provide root level storage options to act as defaults
cache StorageOptions optional If provided, allows for driver-specific options to be applied for all cache objects. This effectively puts the api into a read-only mode for original assets, with all writes going exclusively to a single cache store
cacheOptimized StorageOptions optional If provided, will attempt to access only optimized original assets from this storage. This permits splitting of cache for sake of replication or eviction policies. If supplied, this also means delete requests will be supplied to both caches
cacheArtifacts boolean true If false, processed image artifacts will not be cached. Useful if limited cache capacity
cacheTTS number optional If provided, when artifacts or optimized originals (unless cacheOptimizedTTS is also provided) are fetched from cache, if the age of the object exceeds this time-to-stale value (in seconds), it's age will be reset (implementation varies by storage client, but defaults to copying onto itself). This is a powerful pattern in cases where the cache storage leverages time-to-live, but you do not want active objects to be deleted at the expense of the user experience (and cost). When an object is "refreshed", it will only impact the storage of the stale object, ignoring replicas option. A refresh is out-of-band of the request
cacheOptimizedTTS number optional If provided, when optimized original are fetched from cache, if the age of the object exceeds this time-to-stale value (in seconds), it's age will be reset (implementation varies by storage client, but defaults to copying onto itself). This is a powerful pattern in cases where the cache storage leverages time-to-live, but you do not want active objects to be deleted at the expense of the user experience (and cost). When an object is "refreshed", it will only impact the storage of the stale object, ignoring replicas option. A refresh is out-of-band of the request
replicas Object<StorageReplica> optional If provided, all cache writes will also be written (out-of-band) to the desired storage replicas. Example: { remoteCache: { cache: { /* options */ }, cacheOptimized: { /* options */ } } }. Where remoteCache is the name of a storage I want to forward my writes to. This feature provides a high degree of flexibility when determining your distribution of data across the globe, without the fixed replication that may be permitted by the storage provided (ala S3 replication).
replicas[].cache StorageOptions optional Same behavior as storage.cache
replicas[].cacheOptimized StorageOptions optional Same behavior as storage.cacheOptimized
replicas[].replicateArtifacts boolean true In some cases it may be too costly to replicate all image artifacts, especially when the location you're replicating to may receive small amounts of traffic for the same images. By disabling this flag, only optimized original images will be written to replicas

StorageOptions

Option Type Default Info
driver string driver or driverPath required Bundled storage driver to use
driverPath string driver or driverPath required Load a custom driver from the desired path, ignoring the driver option
(driver options) All other options will be supplied to the storage driver indicated by driver or driverPath

Advanced storage example:

{
  "storage": {
    "defaults": {
      "driverPath": "image-steam-s3",
      "endpoint": "s3.amazonaws.com
    },
    "app": {
      "app1": {
        "accessKey": "key1",
        "secretKey": "secret1"
      }
    },
    "cache": {
      "endpoint": "<dc1 endpoint>",
      "accessKey": "key2",
      "secretKey": "secret2"
    },
    "cacheTTS": 86400, /* 24 hrs */
    "cacheOptimizedTTS": 43200, /* 12 hrs */
    "replicas": {
      "dc2Cache": {
        "cache": {
          "endpoint": "<dc2 endpoint>",
          "accessKey": "key3",
          "secretKey": "secret3"
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Bundled Storage Clients

Storage Client - File System

Option Type Default Info
driver=fs File System
path string required Root path on file system

Storage Client - HTTP

Option Type Default Info
driver=http Read-Only driver for web resource
endpoint string required Endpoint of http(s) service
bucket string optional If provided, will not attempt to take bucket from path

Custom Client

Custom storage types can easily be added via exporting fetch and store. See lib/storage/fs (read/write/delete) or lib/storage/http (read only) for reference.

External Storage Clients

Throttle Options

Throttling allows for fine grain control over quality of service, as well as optimizing to your hardware.

{
  "throttle": {
    "ccProcessors": 4,
    "ccPrefetchers": 20,
    "ccRequests": 100
  }
}
Option Type Default Info
ccProcessors number 4 Number of concurrent image processing operations. Anything to exceed this value will wait (via semaphore) for next availability
ccPrefetchers number 20 Number of concurrent storage request operations. This helps prevent saturation of your storage and/or networking interfaces to provide the optimal experience
ccRequests number 100 Number of concurrent http requests. Anything to exceed this value will result in a 503 (too busy), to avoid an indefinite pileup

Router Options

Most router defaults should suffice, but you have full control over routing. See Routing for more details.

{
  "router": {
    "originalSteps": {
      "resize": {
        "width": "2560", "height": "1440", "max": "true", "canGrow": "false"
      }
    }
  }
}
Option Type Default Info
pathDelimiter string "/:/" Unique (uri-friendly) string to break apart image path, and image steps
cmdKeyDelimiter string "/" Separator between commands (aka image steps)
cmdValDelimiter string "=" Separator between a command and its parameters
paramKeyDelimiter string "," Separator between command parameters
paramValDelimiter string ":" Separator between a parameter key and its value
signatureDelimiter string "/-/" Separator between steps and the signed url
supportWebP boolean true Support for WebP format
originalSteps object Full Defaults Steps performed on the original asset to optimize subsequent image processing operations. This can greatly improve the user experience for very large, uncompressed, or poorly compressed images
hqOriginalSteps object Full Defaults Identical behavior to originalSteps, but with lossless defaults and reserved only for images smaller than hqOriginalMaxPixels
hqOriginalMaxPixels number 400 * 400 Max threshold of pixels where the higher quality hqOriginalSteps are used in place of originalSteps
steps object Full Defaults Mapping of URI image step commands and their parameters. This allows you to be as verbose or laconic as desired

Routing

Routing is left-to-right for legibility.

Routing format:

{path}{pathDelimiter}{cmd1}{cmdValDelimiter}{cmd1Param1Key}{paramValDelimiter}{cmd1Param1Value}{paramKeyDelimiter}{cmdKeyDelimiter}{signatureDelimiter}{signature}?{queryString}

Example URI using Default Options:

some/image/path/:/cmd1=param1:val,param2:val,param3noVal/cmd2NoParams?cache=false

Or a more real-world example:

/my-s3-bucket/big-image.jpg/:/rs=w:640/cr=w:90%25,h:90%25

See Things to Try for many more examples.

Supported Operations

Resize (rs)

Resize an image, preserving aspect or not.

Argument Type Default Desc
w Number/Unit w OR h required Width of new size. Supports Dimension Modifiers
h Number/Unit w OR h required Height of new size. Supports Dimension Modifiers
mx n/a default Retain aspect and use dimensions as the maximum permitted during resize
m n/a optional Retain aspect and use dimensions as the minimum permitted during resize. Set to any value to enable
i Boolean false If true will break aspect and resize to exact dimensions
cg Boolean false If true, will allow image to exceed the dimensions of the original
int String bicubic Process to use for resizing, from fastest to slowest
nearest Use nearest neighbour interpolation, suitable for image enlargement only
bilinear Use bilinear interpolation, the default and fastest image reduction interpolation
bicubic Use bicubic interpolation, which typically reduces performance by 5%
vsqbs Use vertexSplitQuadraticBasisSpline interpolation, which prevents "staircasing" and typically reduces performance by 5%
lbb Use LBB interpolation, which prevents some "acutance" and typically reduces performance by a factor of 2
nohalo Use Nohalo interpolation, which prevents acutance and typically reduces performance by a factor of 3
bg String optional Supply a background color if applicable. Works in hex(123123) or rgb(123; 123; 123) or rgba(123; 123; 123; 0.5) formats
ft String fill How to fit the image. See available options
ps String centre How to position the image. See available options

Examples

  1. rs=w:640 - Resize up to 640px wide, preserving aspect.
  2. rs=h:480 - Resize up to 480px tall, preserving aspect.
  3. rs=w:1024,h:768,m,cg:true - Resize to a minimum of 1024 by 768, preserving aspect, and allow it to exceed size of original.

Crop (cr)

Crop an image to an exact size.

Argument Type Default Desc
t Number/Unit 0 Offset from top. Supports Dimension Modifiers
l Number/Unit 0 Offset from left. Supports Dimension Modifiers
w Number/Unit width-left Width of new size. Supports Dimension Modifiers
h Number/Unit height-top Height of new size. Supports Dimension Modifiers
a String cc Where to anchor from, using center-center by default. Top and Left are applied from the anchor. Possible horizontal axis values include left (l), center (c), and right (r). Possible vertical axis values include top (t), center (c), and bottom (b)
ay Number/Unit 50% Can be used to absolutely position the anchor offset vertically using either percentage or pixel values. Also supports offsets relative to the Anchor value
ax Number/Unit 50% Can be used to absolutely position the anchor offset horizontally using either percentage or pixel values. Also supports offsets relative to the Anchor value

Examples

  1. cr=t:10%25,l:10%25,w:80%25,h:80%25 - Crop 10% around the edges
  2. cr=w:64,h:64,a:cc - Crop 64x64 anchored from center.
  3. cr=l:10,w:64,h:64 - Crops 64x64 from the left at 10px (ignoring the horizontal axis value of c), and vertically anchors from center since top is not provided.
  4. cr=w:64,h:64,ax:30%25,ay:70%25 - Crops 64x64 anchored (centered) 30% from the left edge of the image and 70% from the top edge of the image.
  5. cr=w:64,h:64,ax:100,ay:200 - Crops 64x64 anchored (centered) 100 pixels from the left edge of the image and 200 pixels from the top edge of the image.
  6. cr=w:64,h:64,a:br,ax:-20%,ay:-30% - Crops 64x64 anchored 20% from the right edge and 30% from the bottom of the image.

Gamma (gm)

Apply a gamma correction by reducing the encoding (darken) pre-resize at a factor of 1/gamma then increasing the encoding (brighten) post-resize at a factor of gamma.

This can improve the perceived brightness of a resized image in non-linear colour spaces.

Argument Type Default Desc
g Number 2.2 A float between 1 and 3. The default value is 2.2, a suitable approximation for sRGB images

JPEG input images will not take advantage of the shrink-on-load performance optimisation when applying a gamma correction.

Flatten (ft)

Merge alpha transparency channel, if any, with background.

Rotate (rt)

Argument Type Default Desc
d Number 0 Degrees to rotate the image, in increments of 90. Future implementations may support non-optimized degrees of rotation. Specify 0 to auto-rotate based on orientation

Examples

  1. rt=d:90 - Rotate 90 degrees.

Flip (fl)

Not to be confused with rotation, flipping is the process of flipping an image on its horizontal and/or vertical axis.

Argument Type Default Desc
x n/a optional Flip on the horizontal axis. No value required
y n/a optional Flip on the vertical axis. No value required

Examples

  1. fl=x - Flip horizontally.
  2. fl=x,y - Flip on x and y axis.

Extend (exd)

Extend the size of the image, placing a background in the directions specified.

Argument Type Default Desc
t Number 0 Extend up
l Number 0 Extend left
b Number 0 Extend down
r Number 0 Extend right
bg String optional Supply a background color if applicable. Works in hex(123123) or rgb(123; 123; 123) or rgba(123; 123; 123; 0.5) formats.

Examples

  1. exd=l:10%,t:10%;r:10%;b:10%,bg:hex(123123) - Extend the image by 10% on all sides and apply a background color #123123.

Quality (qt)

The output quality to use for lossy JPEG, WebP and TIFF output formats.

Argument Type Default Desc
q Number 80 Value between 1 (worst, smallest) and 100 (best, largest)

Compression (cp)

An advanced setting for the zlib compression level of the lossless PNG output format. The default level is 6.

Argument Type Default Desc
c Number 6 Number between 0 and 9

Lossless (ll)

Flag format for lossless. Currently only supported by webp, and ignored by other formats. However if the requesting device does not support webp, and lossless is set, it will fallback to png for consistent quality.

Argument Type Default Desc
n Boolean false Near lossless

Progressive (pg)

Use progressive (interlace) scan for JPEG and PNG output. This typically reduces compression performance by 30% but results in an image that can be rendered sooner when decompressed.

Can be useful for images that always need to be seen ASAP, but should not be used otherwise to save bandwidth.

Examples

  1. rs=w:3840/pg - Create a big 4K-ish image and use progressive rendering to demonstrate value in some use cases.

Format (fm)

Supported, but not enabled by default in Router Options. Recommended to keep disabled in router, as internally format will be best determined by the individual request.

Override the auto-detected optimal format to output. Do not use this unless you have good reason.

Argument Type Default Desc
f String required Format to output: "jpeg", "png", or "webp"

Metadata (md)

Carry metadata from the original image into the outputted image. Enabled by default.

Argument Type Default Desc
e Boolean true Set to false to not preserve metadata from original

Sharpen (fx-sp)

Argument Type Default Desc
r Number optional Sharpening mask to apply in pixels, but comes at a performance cost
f Number 1.0 Sharpening to apply to flat areas
j Number 2.0 Sharpening to apply to jagged areas

Examples

  1. fx-sp=r:3,f:5,j:5 -

Blur (fx-bl)

Fast mild blur by default, but can override the default sigma for more control (at cost of performance).

Argument Type Default Desc
s Number 2.0 The approximate blur radius in pixels, from 0.3 to 1000

Examples

  1. fx-bl=s:5 - Blur using a stima radius of 5 pixels.

Greyscale (fx-gs)

Convert to 8-bit greyscale.

Normalize (fx-nm)

Enhance output image contrast by stretching its luminance to cover the full dynamic range. This typically reduces performance by 30%.

Info ($info)

Returns all known information about the image, including Saliency if available.

{
  "info": {
    "path": "family.jpg",
    "lastModified": "2017-10-30T23:27:06.000Z",
    "format": "webp",
    "width": 1706,
    "height": 2560,
    "space": "srgb",
    "channels": 3,
    "depth": "uchar",
    "density": 600,
    "hasProfile": true,
    "hasAlpha": false,
    "orientation": 1,
    "hash": 3979799324,
    "byteSize": 1337334,
    "saliency": {
      "v": 1,
      "c": {
        "x": 0.488,
        "y": 0.4576
      },
      "r25th": {
        "l": 0.45,
        "t": 0.4,
        "w": 0.25,
        "h": 0.2
      },
      "r40th": {
        "l": 0.4,
        "t": 0.35,
        "w": 0.3,
        "h": 0.25
      },
      "r50th": {
        "l": 0.35,
        "t": 0.35,
        "w": 0.35,
        "h": 0.3
      },
      "r75th": {
        "l": 0.3,
        "t": 0.1,
        "w": 0.45,
        "h": 0.7
      },
      "r90th": {
        "l": 0.2,
        "t": 0.05,
        "w": 0.65,
        "h": 0.8
      }
    }
  }
}

Colors ($colors)

A new (ALPHA) command to retrieve a list of palette colors from image in JSON format.

Argument Type Default Desc
w Number 100 Width of image. w OR h must be set.
h Number undefined Height of image. w OR h must be set.
mc Number 10 Max colors to return
cc Number 4 Cubic cells (3 or 4)
mn Boolean true Use mean color (true) or median color (false)
o String distance Order of results, distance between colors, or based on cell density

See Image-Pal for more details.

Examples

  1. $colors - Get colors using default options.
  2. $colors=mn:false - Get colors using median color logic (ideal for logos).

Saliency ($saliency)

Experimental

Return data that describes the salient regions of an image in JSON format.

See Saliency for more details.

Saliency Map ($saliencyMap)

Experimental For TESTING only. Very CPU intensive, and should not be enabled in production.

Return saliency image to better understand how the configured model is performing.

See Saliency for more details.

Argument Type Default Desc
w Number 200 Width of saliency image
h Number 200 Height of saliency image
m String "deep" Saliency model to use
af n/a n/a Shows bounding regions of auto-focus

Dimension Modifiers

Dimension modifiers can be applied to any values where size and location are represented.

Pixels

Any numeric value around measurement without explicit unit type specified is implicitly of type px.

Examples

  1. rs=w:200,h:300 - 200x300 pixels
  2. rs=w:200px,h:300px - Identical to #1
  3. cr=t:15,l:10,w:-10,h:-15 - Using pixel offsets

Percentage

A percentage applied to original value by supplying the percentage (%) modifier. Notice that % must be encoded as %25.

Examples

  1. rs=w:50%25,h:50%25 - 50% of source width and height
  2. cr=t:15%25,l:10%25,w:80%25,h:70%25 - 15% from top and bottom, 10% from left and right

Offset

To be used in conjunction with locations or dimensions, a plus (+) or minus (-) may be used to imply offset from original.

Examples

  1. rs=w:+50px,h:-50px - 50px wider than original, 50px shorter than original
  2. rs=w:+10%25,h:-10%25 - 10% wider than original, 10% shorter than original

Processor Options

Relying on sharp/libvips, and potentially other image processors in the future.

{
  "processor": {
    "sharp": {
      "cache": {
        "memory": 50, "files": 20, "items": 200
      },
      "concurrency": 0,
      "simd": false
    }
  }
}
Option Type Default Info
sharp SharpOptions
sharp.cache CacheOptions
sharp.cache.memory number 50 Maximum memory in MB to use for this cache
sharp.cache.files number 20 Maximum number of files to hold open
sharp.cache.items number 200 Maximum number of operations to cache
sharp.concurrency number 0 Number of threads to process each image in parallel. A value of 0 will use all available cores
sharp.simd boolean false Improves the performance of resize, blur and sharpen operations by taking advantage of the SIMD vector unit of the CPU, e.g. Intel SSE and ARM NEON
sharp.defaults SharpConstructor undefined Options supplied to constructor

Error Handling

All major classes inherit from EventEmitter. By default http.start will log errors to stderr, but can be disabled in options by setting log.errors to false if you want more fine grained control.

Connect Errors

The next level down is Connect, and all child classes (shown below) will bubble up through this class:

var http = require('image-steam').http;
var connect = new http.Connect();
connect.on('error', function(err) { /* do something */ });

Throttle Errors

A lower level class with no children:

var http = require('image-steam').http;
var throttle = new http.Throttle();
throttle.on('error', function(err) { /* do something */ });

Processor Errors

A lower level class with no children:

var Processor = require('image-steam').Processor;
var processor = new Processor();
processor.on('error', function(err) { /* do something */ });

Storage Errors

A lower level class with no children:

var Storage = require('image-steam').Storage;
var storage = new Storage();
storage.on('error', function(err) { /* do something */ });

Security Options

Security allows protecting the image resources behind each tranformation. This will sign resource+transformation with the specified secret.

A signed url would look like this:

/my-s3-bucket/big-image.jpg/:/rs=w:640/cr=w:90%25,h:90%25/-/k5G5dlr9
{
  "security": {
    "enabled": true,
    "secret": keyboard_cat,
    "algorithm": 'sha1'
  }
}
Option Type Default Info
enabled boolean false If this feature is enabled, all requests urls will must be signed
secret string required The signing secret
algorigthm string sha1 The hashing algorithm. Complete list: openssl list-cipher-algorithms

The following snippet shows how to sign a url (using the library defaults).

var crypto = require('crypto');
var shasum = crypto.createHash(YOUR_HASHING_ALGORITHM); // sha256 recommended
shasum.update('/' + IMAGE_PATH + '/:/' + IMAGE_STEPS + YOUR_SECRET);
var signature = shasum.digest('base64').replace(/\//g, '_').replace(/\+/g, '-').substring(0, 8);
var url = '/' + YOUR_IMAGE_PATH + '/:/' + YOUR_IMAGE_STEPS + '/-/' + signature;

Saliency

A new and experimental feature that allows intellegent auto-focus during crop operations to avoid cropping critical regions of an image. Disabled by default, and requires installation of optional packages opencv4nodejs and salient-maps. See Saliency Options for how to enable and configure this feature.

Examples

  1. cr=w:50%,h:50%,a:auto - Crop at 50% and set anchor to auto-focus the most salient region.
  2. $saliency - Return data to describe the saliency regions.
  3. $saliencyMap - Get a visual representation of what the computer sees as salient.

Saliency Options

{
  "saliency": {
    enabled: true,
    version: 1,
    autoCrop: true,
    alwaysOn: true,
    model: 'deep',
    map: false,
    options: {
      width: 200,
      height: 200
    }
  }
}
Option Type Default Info
enabled boolean false Enables saliency which depends on installation of optional packages opencv4nodejs and salient-maps
autoCrop boolean true If enabled, crop will set anchor to auto by default, auto-cropping based on salient region. May want to disable if already using previous defaults
alwaysOn boolean true If enabled, all optimized images generated will process saliency data to be cached. Should be enabled unless rolling out to a small percentage of users
model string "deep" See Salient Models for other options
map boolean false Enables the $salientMap command. Should not be enabled in production environments
options.width number 200 Width of saliency map generated. Different models produce higher quality saliency with more pixels, but at the cost of performance
options.height number 200 Height of saliency map generated. Different models produce higher quality saliency with more pixels, but at the cost of performance

Things to try:

  • rs=w:640 - Resize to 640 width, retain aspect
  • rs=w:640/cr=l:5%,t:10%,w:90%,h:80% - Same as above, and crop 5% of the sides and 10% of the top and bottom
  • rs=w:640/cr=l:5%,t:10%,w:90%,h:80%/fx-gs - Same as above, and apply greyscale effect.
  • rs=w:640/cr=l:5%,t:10%,w:90%,h:80%/fx-gs/qt=q:20 - Same as above, and use a low quality of 20.
  • rs=w:64,h:64,m/cr=w:64,h:64/fx-gs - Resize image to a minimum of 64x64 w/o breaking aspect so that we can then crop the image and apply greyscale.
  • fx-bl=s:5 - Apply a blur

License

MIT

install

npm i image-steam

Downloadsweekly downloads

262

version

0.52.0

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

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