hodux
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Hodux

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The reactivity state management for React. Made with ❤️ and ES6 Proxy API.

Inspired by react-easy-state but more friendly for React Hooks.

Features

  • Observable store: the state flow is easy enough.
  • State selectable: extract state as needed, the components will not re-render unless any selected state changes.
  • Perfectly TypeScript support.

Introduction

Hodux is a reactivity state management solution for React which supports both Hooks and Class, it has only 2 core APIs and quit easy to learn.

import { store, useSelector } from 'hodux';
 
// create store(Observable)
const counter = store({
  num: 0,
  inc() { counter.num += 1; }
});
 
// select state from store(Dependency collection)
export default function Counter(props) {
  const num = useSelector(() => counter.num);
  // or you can do some compute in component
  // const total = useSelector(() => counter.num + props.step);
 
  return <div onClick={counter.inc}>The num:{num}</div>;
}

Install

npm install --save hodux
# or 
$ yarn add hodux

API

store(model)

  • Signature: function store<M extends object>(model: M): M
  • Description: creates and returns a proxied observable object by the passed model(object), the original model object is not modified. It's just a wrapper of observable().

create store with object-based model:

// stores/counter.js
const counter = store({
  count: 0,
  inc() {
    counter.count++;
  },
  async incx() {
    await wait(1000);
    counter.count += 1;
  }
});
 
export default counter;

lazy creates:

// stores/counter.js
export default (initalCount = 0) => {
  const state = store({ count: initalCount });
 
  function inc() {
    state += n;
  }
 
  async function incx() {
    await wait(1000);
    state.count += 1;
  }
 
  return { state, inc, incx }
}

local store(create store inner components):

Maybe use native APIs(useState or useReducer) will be better, the goal of hodux is shared store between components.

export default function Counter() {
  const counter = store({ count: 0 });
  const count = useSelector(() => counter.count);
 
  return <div onClick={() => counter.count++}>{count}</div>;
}

useSelector(selector, config?)

  • Signature: function useSelector<V>(selector: Selector<V>, config?: Config<V>): V
  • Description: extracts state from store as needed, the components will re-render only if the selected state changes, maybe it's the main difference with react-redux's useSelector(), because react-redux call selector whenever store state changes even not selected at all(react-redux internal decides if makes re-render), so you do't need to use any cache selector library(such as reselect) with useSelector.

useSelector accepts two parameters:

  • the first parameter is a selector function which works as observer API in reactivity system. It subscribes the selected state and equals the previous returned value with the next one to decide if or not re-render. Maybe you can do some compute with state in useSelector and takes result as the return value.

  • the second is an optional config object

    • equals: the compare function between previous return value and the next return value, the defalut is equality

    • debugger: the debugger function passed to @nx-js/observer-util

Returns basic type is recommended:

useSelector(() => {
  const items = store.items; // select items from store
 
  return items.reduce((acc, item) => acc + item.value, 0); // do some compute with state and return result
});

You should pass in equals function when returns object:

useSelector(() => {
  return {
    loading: listStore.loading,
    list: listStore.list
  }
}, { equals: _.equals }); // use lodash/isEqual

Select state from multiple stores:

function CompWithMutlStore() {
  // whenever the `count` from store1 or the `step` from store1 changes the compoent will re-render, so the `result` is always be the newest value
    const result = useSelector(() => store1.count + store2.step);
}

connect(selector, ownProps?)

function connect<V extends {}, OwnProps = {}>(
  selector: Selector<V, OwnProps>,
  config?: Config<V>
): (classComponent: C) => ConnectedComponent<V, OwnProps>

A HOC wrapper of useSelector to connect store state to the class components, and is only for class components.

connect accepts two parameters:

  • selectorWithProps(ownProps?): familiar to selector, but the difference is selectorWithProps must return object type(such as mapStateToProps in react-redux), selectorWithProps accepts the connected component's props as parameter.

  • config: same as useSelector's config parameter

class component usage:

const counter = store({
  n: 0,
  inc() { counter.n += 1; }
});
 
const selectToProps = () => ({ n: counter.n });
 
class Counter extends Component {
 render() {
   return <div onClick={counter.inc}>{n}</div>;
 }
}
 
export default const ReactivedCounter = connect(selectToProps)(Counter);

ownProps:

const selectToProps = (props) => ({
  step: props.step,
  n: testStore.n
});
 
class Counter extends React.Component {
  state = { n: this.props.n }
  inc() {
    const n = this.state.n + this.props.step;
    this.setState({ n });
  }
  render() {
    return <div onClick={() => this.inc()}>{this.state.n}</div>;
  }
}
 
const Connected = connect(selectToProps)(Counter);
 
render(<Connected step={10} />);

<HoduxConfig equals={fn} debugger={fn} />

  • Type: React.FunctionComponent<React.PropsWithChildren<Config<any>>>
  • Description: The global config Provider.
function consoleLogger(e) {
  if (e.type !== 'get') {
    console.log(`[${e.type}]`, e.key, e.value);
  }
}
 
ReactDOM.render(
  <HoduxConfig debugger={consoleLogger}>
    <App />
  </HoduxConfig>,
  document.getElementById('root')
);

batch(fn)

  • Signature: function batch(fn: Function) => void
  • Description: a wrapper of unstable_batchedUpdates, to prevent multiples render caused by multiple store mutations in asynchronous handler such as setTimeout and Promise, etc. If you experience performance issues you can batch changes manually with batch.

NOTE: The React team plans to improve render batching in the future. The batch API may be removed in the future in favor of React's own batching.

const listStore = store({
  loading: false,
  list: []
});
 
listStore.load = async () => {
  testStore.loading = true;
 
  const list  = await fetchData();
 
  batch(() => {
    testStore.loading = false;
    testStore.list = list;
  });
}

Run examples locally

The examples folder contains working examples. You can run one of them with

cd examples/[folder] && npm start

then open http://localhost:3000 in your web browser.

License

MIT

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Version

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