0.0.6 • Public • Published

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Prevalence layer for node.


npm i highlander

Designed for simplicity

node-highlander is a simple implementation of System Prevalence. As such it can be used as

  • a database (persistent, transactional)
  • a building block for simplified CQRS or Event Sourcing (since Prevalence, when not picky about theory or full set of features, can be seen a a special case where there is exactly one aggregate)

Use it if you appreciate that

  • data schema is in your code
  • performance is through the roof since all data is in main memory
  • its easily maintable/readable/hackable since all history (of data modifications) are kept in a journal
    • typically a plain text file in production
    • typically a copy of the production file in development
    • in-memory in testing scenarios

Dont use it

  • for distributed, clustered, or otherwise non-monolithic systems
  • without proper TDD
  • without a basic understanding of the Prevalence pattern

Ok, show me the code!

Setup a repository that is backed to disk with

var highlander = require('highlander');
var repo = highlander.repository({
	journal: highlander.fileJournal({path: 'data.log'}),
	model: {todos: []} 

Define a command (add todo):

repo.registerCommand('add todo',function (ctx, cb){ ctx.model.todos.push(ctx.args); cb(); });

Add a todo by executing a command:

repo.execute('add todo',{text: 'buy milk'}, function (err, data) {
	if (err) { 

List all todos:

	function (model, cb) { cb(null, model.todos); },
	function (err, todos) {
		if (err){
			return console.error(err);
		for (var i = 0; i < todos.length; ++i){



Create a new repository instance. All members of options are optional with reasonable defaults:

  • model - the application state, defaults to {}
  • commandRegistry - registered commands
  • synchronizer - reader/writer locks
  • marshaller - marshalling of data between model/repository and application
  • journal - persistent history of commands, defaults to in-memory journal.

repository.execute(name, args, callback)

Invoke asynchronously a named command with specified arguments. The callback (optional) should be have the form function (err, result) {...}.

repository.query(fn, callback)

Invoke a query asynchronously.

The query predicate (fn) should have the form function (model, cb) {...}, and is assumed to have no side effects on the model. fn must report result with a call to cb(<err>,<result>). The callback callback (optional) should be have the form function (err, result) {...}.

    function (model, cb) {
        var result = calculateResult(model);
        cb(null, result);
    function (err, result) {

repository.registerCommand(name, handler)

Register a command. Handler must be on the form

  • function (context, cb) {...}
  • {execute: function (context, cb) {...}}
  • {execute: function (context, cb) {...}, validate: function (context, cb) {...}}

Context is setup to

	model: <the model>,
	command: <name of invoked command>,
	args: <supplied command arguments>

validators - validate(ctx,cb)

Validators are called before executors.

function (ctx, cb){
    if (argumentsAreInconsistentWithModel(ctx.args, ctx.model){
        return cb('Validation error');

Also, validators may throw in case of failed validation.

function (ctx, cb){
    if (argumentsAreInconsistentWithModel(ctx.args, ctx.model){
        throw 'Validation error';

executors - execute(ctx, cb)

Executors may freely inspect the context parameter. In particular, they are assumed to modify context.model in a meaningful way.

function (ctx, cb) {
    ctx.model.gizmo = ctx.args.gizmo;

Why asynchronous when all state is in main memory anyways?

  • Execution of a command involves writing a log entry, possibily to disk or other external storage. This is in node an inherently asynchronoius operation
  • Execution of commands and queries are serialized using reader/writer locks. Thus the actual execution might be deferred due to synchronization.

To avoid nasty race conditions, results from commands and queries are marshalled (ie deep copied).

Why no snapshots?

node-highlander does not support snapshots, since

  • snapshotting a live in memory representation to Json would restrict the model to NOT contain any cycles.
  • anything related to runtime behaviour of the model (classes, prototypes etc) would be lost in a restore from snapshot.

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