node package manager
Share your code. npm Orgs help your team discover, share, and reuse code. Create a free org »



A gulp plugin for handling TypeScript compilation workflow. The plugin exposes TypeScript's compiler options to gulp using TypeScript API.

Build Status


  • Incremental compilation (so faster builds)
  • Error reporting
  • Different output streams for .js, .d.ts files.
  • Support for sourcemaps using gulp-sourcemaps
  • Compile once, and filter different targets

How to install

1. Install gulp
npm install --global gulp
2. Install gulp in the project dependency
npm install gulp
3. Install gulp-typescript
npm install gulp-typescript


Allmost all options from TypeScript are supported.

  • out (TS1.5-), outFile (TS1.6+) (string) - Generate one javascript and one definition file. Only works when no module system is used.
  • outDir (string) - Move output to a different (virtual) directory. Note that you still need gulp.dest to write output to disk.
  • noImplicitAny (boolean) - Warn on expressions and declarations with an implied 'any' type.
  • suppressImplicitAnyIndexErrors (boolean) - Suppress --noImplicitAny errors for indexing objects lacking index signatures.
  • noLib (boolean) - Don't include the default lib (with definitions for - Array, Date etc)
  • target (string) - Specify ECMAScript target version: 'ES3' (default), 'ES5' or 'ES6'.
  • module (string) - Specify module code generation: 'commonjs', 'amd', 'umd' or 'system'.
  • jsx (string) - Specify jsx code generation: 'react' or 'preserve' (TS1.6+).
  • declaration (boolean) - Generates corresponding .d.ts files. You need to pipe the dts streams to save these files.
  • removeComments (boolean) - Do not emit comments to output.
  • emitDecoratorMetadata (boolean) - Emit design-time metadate for decorated declarations in source.
  • experimentalAsyncFunctions (boolean) - Support for ES7-proposed asynchronous functions using the async/await keywords (TS1.6+).
  • experimentalDecorators (boolean) - Enables experimental support for ES7 decorators.
  • moduleResolution (string) - Determine how modules get resolved. Either 'node' for Node.js/io.js style resolution, or 'classic' (default) (TS1.6+).
  • noEmitOnError (boolean) - Do not emit outputs if any type checking errors were reported.
  • noEmitHelpers (boolean) - Do not generate custom helper functions like __extends in compiled output.
  • preserveConstEnums (boolean) - Do not erase const enum declarations in generated code.
  • isolatedModules (boolean) - Compiles files seperately and doesn't check types, which causes a big speed increase. You have to use gulp-plumber and TypeScript 1.5+.
  • allowJs (boolean) - Allow JavaScript files to be compiled.

See the TypeScript wiki for a complete list. These options are not supported:

  • Sourcemap options (sourceMap, inlineSourceMap, inlineSources, sourceRoot) - Use gulp-sourcemaps instead.
  • rootDir - Use base option of gulp.src() instead.
  • watch - Use instead. See the paragraph "Incremental compilation".
  • project - See "Using tsconfig.json".
  • Obvious: help, version

Unofficial options

Besides the official options options, gulp-typescript supports the following options:

  • noExternalResolve (boolean) - Do not resolve files that are not in the input. Explanation below.
  • sortOutput (boolean) - Sort output files. Useful if you want to concatenate files (see below).
  • typescript (object) - Use a different version / fork of TypeScript (see below). Use it like: typescript: require('typescript') or typescript: require('my-fork-of-typescript')

Basic Usage

Below is a minimal gulpfile.js which will compile all TypeScript file in folder src and emit a single output file called output.js in built/local. To invoke, simple run gulp.

var gulp = require('gulp');
var ts = require('gulp-typescript');
gulp.task('default', function () {
    return gulp.src('src/**/*.ts')
            noImplicitAny: true,
            out: 'output.js'

Another example of gulpfile.js. Instead of creating default task, the file specifies custom named task. To invoke, run gulp scripts instead of gulp. As a result, the task will generate both JavaScript files and TypeScript definition files (.d.ts).

var gulp = require('gulp');
var ts = require('gulp-typescript');
var merge = require('merge2');  // Require separate installation 
gulp.task('scripts', function() {
    var tsResult = gulp.src('lib/**/*.ts')
            declaration: true,
            noExternalResolve: true
    return merge([

tsResult is a object that has a JavaScript stream (.js) and a definition file stream (.dts). You need to set the declaration option to get definition files in the dts stream. If you don't need the definition files, you can use a configuration as seen in the first example.

Incremental compilation

Instead of calling ts(options), you can create a project first, and then call ts(project). An example:

var gulp = require('gulp');
var ts = require('gulp-typescript');
var merge = require('merge2');
var tsProject = ts.createProject({
    declaration: true,
    noExternalResolve: true
gulp.task('scripts', function() {
    var tsResult = gulp.src('lib/*.ts')
    return merge([ // Merge the two output streams, so this task is finished when the IO of both operations are done. 
gulp.task('watch', ['scripts'], function() {'lib/*.ts', ['scripts']);

When you run gulp watch, the source will be compiled as usual. Then, when you make a change and save the file, your TypeScript files will be compiled in about half the time.

You must create the project outside of the task. You can't use the same project in multiple tasks. Instead, create multiple projects or use a single task to compile your sources.

Using tsconfig.json

To use tsconfig.json, you have to use ts.createProject:

var tsProject = ts.createProject('tsconfig.json');

If you want to add or overwrite certain settings in the tsconfig.json file, you can use:

var tsProject = ts.createProject('tsconfig.json', { sortOutput: true });

The task will look like:

gulp.task('scripts', function() {
    var tsResult = tsProject.src() // instead of gulp.src(...) 
    return tsResult.js.pipe(gulp.dest('release'));

TypeScript version

gulp-typescript uses TypeScript 1.8 by default. You can also use 1.4+ or a nighty version of TypeScript instead. You should add the version you want (1.4+) to your package.json file as a devDependency. You can use the a nightly build to get the latest features:

npm install typescript@next

And add this to your gulpfile:

    typescript: require('typescript')

Or in combination with a tsconfig file:

var tsProject = ts.createProject('tsconfig.json', {
    typescript: require('typescript')

It's also possible to use a fork of TypeScript. Add an extra option to the options object like this:

    typescript: require('my-fork-of-typescript')


There are two ways to filter files:

gulp.task('scripts', function() {
    var tsResult = gulp.src('lib/*.ts')
                       .pipe(ts(tsProject, filterSettings));


gulp.task('scripts', function() {
    var tsResult = gulp.src('lib/*.ts')
    tsResult.pipe(ts.filter(tsProject, filterSettings));

The first example doesn't add files (that don't pass the filter) to the compiler, the second one does add them to the compiler, but removes them later from the stream. You can put as much pipes between compilation and filtering as you want, as long as the filename doesn't change.

At the moment there is only one filter available:

  • referencedFrom (string[]) Only files that are referenced (using /// <reference path="..." />) by the files in this array pass this filter.

Resolving files

By default, gulp-typescript will try to resolve the files you require and reference. These files are parsed, but not emitted (so you will not see them in the output stream).

If you set the option noExternalResolve to true, gulp-typescript will not resolve all the requires and references. It assumes that all the necessary files are in the input stream. For example, if you have your .ts files in the lib folder, and the .d.ts files in the definitions folder, you must use gulp.src(['lib/**.ts', 'definitions/**.ts']) instead of gulp.src(['lib/**.ts']) in your gulpfile if you use the option noExternalResolve.

Advantage of noExternalResolve: faster compilation. Disadvantage of noExternalResolve: won't work when you forgot some input files. Advice: turn it on, and make sure you list all the input files.

Files that are resolved when noExternalResolve is off, won't be pushed to the output stream, unless you are using the out option.

Concatenate files

The tsc command has the ability to concatenate using the --out parameter. There are two approaches to do that in gulp-typescript.

You can use the out option. This is fine for small projects, but for big projects it's not always sufficient.

The other option is to use gulp-concat. The tsc command sorts the files using the <reference> tags. gulp-typescript does this when you enable the sortOutput option. You can use the referencedFrom filter to only include files that are referenced from certain files.

Source maps

Example of gulpfile.js which will compile typescript to javascript as well as generate associated sourcemap.

var gulp = require('gulp')
var ts = require('gulp-typescript');
var concat = require('gulp-concat');
var sourcemaps = require('gulp-sourcemaps');
gulp.task('scripts', function() {
    var tsResult = gulp.src('lib/*.ts')
                       .pipe(sourcemaps.init()) // This means sourcemaps will be generated 
                           sortOutput: true,
                           // ... 
    return tsResult.js
                .pipe(concat('output.js')) // You can use other plugins that also support gulp-sourcemaps 
                .pipe(sourcemaps.write()) // Now the sourcemaps are added to the .js file 

For more information, see gulp-sourcemaps.


You can specify a custom reporter as the 3rd argument of the main function:

ts(optionsOrProject, filters, reporter);

You can set options, project or filter to undefined if you don't want to set them. Available reporters are:

  • nullReporter (ts.reporter.nullReporter()) - Don't report errors
  • defaultReporter (ts.reporter.defaultReporter()) - Report basic errors to the console
  • longReporter (ts.reporter.longReporter()) - Extended version of default reporter, intelliJ link functionality + file watcher error highlighting should work using this one
  • fullReporter (ts.reporter.fullReporter(showFullFilename?: boolean)) - Show full error messages, with source.

If you want to build a custom reporter, you take a look at lib/reporter.ts, in that file is an interface which a reporter should implement.

Build gulp-typescript

The plugin uses itself to compile. There are 2 build directories, release and release-2. release must always contain a working build. release-2 contains the last build. When you run gulp compile, the build will be saved in the release-2 directory. gulp test will compile the source to release-2, and then it will run some tests. If these tests give no errors, you can run gulp release. The contents from release-2 will be copied to release.


gulp-typescript is licensed under the MIT license.