Grunt plugin for Karma NOTE: this plugin requires Grunt 0.4.x
From the same directory as your project's Gruntfile and package.json, install this plugin with the following command:
npm install grunt-karma --save-dev
Once that's done, add this line to your project's Gruntfile:
Gruntfile.js file, add a section named karma, containing any number of configurations for running karma. The only required option is the path to the karma config file. Here's a simple example:
You can override any of the config file's settings directly:
karma:unit:configFile: 'karma.conf.js'runnerPort: 9999singleRun: truebrowsers: 'PhantomJS'
If you have multiple targets, it may be helpful to share common configuration settings between them. Grunt-karma supports this by using the
karma:options:configFile: 'karma.conf.js'runnerPort: 9999browsers: 'Chrome' 'Firefox'continuous:singleRun: truebrowsers: 'PhantomJS'dev:reporters: 'dots'
In this example the
dev targets will both use the
runnerPort specified in the
options. But the
continuous target will override the browser setting to use PhantomJS, and also run as a singleRun. The
dev target will simply change the reporter to dots.
There are three ways to run your tests with karma:
autoWatch option to true will instruct karma to start a server and watch for changes to files, running tests automatically:
karma:unit:configFile: 'karma.conf.js'autoWatch: true
$ grunt karma
Config karma like usual (without the autoWatch option), and add
karma:unit:configFile: 'karma.conf.js'background: true
background option will tell grunt to run karma in a child process so it doesn't block subsequent grunt tasks.
regarde task to run the karma task with the
:run flag. For example:
watch://run unit tests with karma (server needs to be already running)karma:files: 'app/js/**/*.js' 'test/browser/**/*.js'tasks: 'karma:unit:run' //NOTE the :run flag
In your terminal window run
$ grunt karma:unit watch, which runs both the karma task and the watch task. Now when grunt watch detects a change to one of your watched files, it will run the tests specified in the
unit target using the already running karma server. This is the preferred method for development.
Keeping a browser window & karma server running during development is productive, but not a good solution for build processes. For that reason karma provides a "continuous integration" mode, which will launch the specified browser(s), run the tests, and close the browser(s). It also supports running tests in PhantomJS, a headless webkit browser which is great for running tests as part of a build. To run tests in continous integration mode just add the
karma:unit:configFile: 'config/karma.conf.js'//continuous integration mode: run tests once in PhantomJS browser.continuous:configFile: 'config/karma.conf.js'singleRun: truebrowsers: 'PhantomJS'
The build would then run
grunt karma:continuous to start PhantomJS, run tests, and close PhantomJS.