8.0.1 • Public • Published

grunt-contrib-qunit v8.0.1 Build Status

Run QUnit unit tests in a headless Chrome instance

Getting Started

If you haven't used Grunt before, be sure to check out the Getting Started guide, as it explains how to create a Gruntfile as well as install and use Grunt plugins. Once you're familiar with that process, you may install this plugin with this command:

npm install grunt-contrib-qunit --save-dev

Once the plugin has been installed, it may be enabled inside your Gruntfile with this line of JavaScript:


Qunit task

Run this task with the grunt qunit command.

You have chosen to write your unit tests using QUnit, you have written a html page which reports the summary and individual details of your unit tests, you are happy with this but realize you miss the ability to have your unit test suite run automatically each time you commit changes to your code.

This is where the grunt-contrib-qunit plugin comes in the play: grunt-contrib-qunit lets you run your tests in the invisible Chrome browser, thus converting your unit test suite into something you can run from a script, a script you can have automatically run on travis-ci (or the Continuous Integration service of your choice) which in turn can alert you of any rule-breaking commit to your code.

You can still monitor the status of your unit tests suite visiting your html test page in your browser, but with grunt-contrib-qunit you can also run the same suite from the command line interface.

This plugin defines one single task: qunit. Configure it in your Gruntfile.js, run it with the grunt qunit command.

Please read about specifying task targets, files and options in the grunt Configuring tasks guide.

When installed by npm, this plugin will automatically download and install a local Chrome binary within the node_modules directory of the Puppeteer library, which is used for launching a Chrome process. If your system already provides an installation of Chrome, you can configure this plugin to use the globally installed executable by specifying a custom executablePath in the puppeteer launch options.
This will almost certainly be needed in order to run Chrome in a CI environment

OS Dependencies

This plugin uses Puppeteer to run tests in a Chrome process. Chrome requires a number of dependencies that must be installed, depending on your OS.
Please see Puppeteer's docs to see the latest docs for what dependencies you need for your OS:

QUnit version

The plugin supports QUnit 2.2.0 and later. To test with QUnit 1.x, use grunt-contrib-qunit 5.



Type: Number
Default: 5000

The amount of time (in milliseconds) that grunt will wait for a QUnit start() call before failing the task with an error.


Type: String|Array
Default: chrome/bridge.js

One or multiple (array) JavaScript file names to inject into the html test page. Defaults to the path of the QUnit-Chrome bridge file.

You may want to inject something different than the provided QUnit-Chrome bridge, or to inject more than just the provided bridge. See the built-in bridge for more information.


Type: String
Default: ""

Create URLs for the src files, all src files are prefixed with that base.


Type: boolean
Default: true

By default, console.[log|warn|error] output from the Chrome browser will be piped into QUnit console. Set to false to disable this behavior.


Type: Array
Default: []

Absolute http:// or https:// urls to be passed to Chrome. Specified URLs will be merged with any specified src files first. Note that urls must be served by a web server, and since this task doesn't contain a web server, one will need to be configured separately. The grunt-contrib-connect plugin provides a basic web server.


Type: boolean
Default: false

When true, the whole task will not fail when there are individual test failures, or when no assertions for a test have run. This can be set to true when you always want other tasks in the queue to be executed.


Type: boolean
Default: false

When true, this will suppress the default logging for individually failed tests. Customized logging can be performed by listening to and responding to qunit.log events.


Type: Object
Default: { headless: true, args: [] }

Options passed to puppeteer.launch(). This can used to specify a custom Chrome executable path, run in non-headless mode, specify environment variables for the Chrome process, etc. See the Puppeteer API Reference for a list of launch options.

The default value for args is set from the CHROMIUM_FLAGS environment variable, which in turn defaults to --no-sandbox if the CI environment variable is set.


Type: boolean
Default: false

Fail a test when the global namespace is polluted. See the QUnit.config.noglobals for more information.

Command line options

Filtering by module name: --modules

grunt qunit --modules="foo"

Will run the module foo. You can specify one or multiple, comma-separated modules to run.

Running tests in seeded-random order: --seed

grunt qunit --seed="a-string"

Specify the seed to pass to QUnit, to run tests in random, but deterministic order. See QUnit.config.seed docs for more information.

Usage examples


In this example, grunt qunit:all will test all .html files in the test directory and all subdirectories. First, the wildcard is expanded to match each individual file. Then, each matched filename is passed to Chrome (one at a time).

// Project configuration.
  qunit: {
    all: ['test/**/*.html']

Testing via http:// or https://

In circumstances where running unit tests from local files is inadequate, you can specify http:// or https:// URLs via the urls option. Each URL is passed to Chrome (one at a time).

In this example, grunt qunit will test two files, served from the server running at localhost:8000.

// Project configuration.
  qunit: {
    all: {
      options: {
        urls: [

Wildcards and URLs may be combined by specifying both.

Using the grunt-contrib-connect plugin

It's important to note that Grunt does not automatically start a local web server. That being said, the grunt-contrib-connect plugin connect task can be run before the qunit task to serve files via a simple connect web server.

In the following example, if a web server isn't running at localhost:8000, running grunt qunit with the following configuration will fail because the qunit task won't be able to load the specified URLs. However, running grunt connect qunit will first start a static connect web server at localhost:8000 with its base path set to the Gruntfile's directory. Then, the qunit task will be run, requesting the specified URLs.

// Project configuration.
  qunit: {
    all: {
      options: {
        urls: [
  connect: {
    server: {
      options: {
        port: 8000,
        base: '.'

// This plugin provides the "connect" task.

// A convenient task alias.
grunt.registerTask('test', ['connect', 'qunit']);

Custom timeouts and Puppeteer options

In the following example, the default timeout value of 5000 is overridden with the value 10000 (timeout values are in milliseconds). Custom options to use when launching Puppeteer can be specified using options.puppeteer, with all property names corresponding directly to options supported by puppeteer.launch(). For example, the following configuration sets the TZ environment variable and invokes a custom Chrome executable at "/usr/bin/chromium"

// Project configuration.
  qunit: {
    options: {
      timeout: 10000,
      puppeteer: {
        env: {
          TZ: "UTC"
        executablePath: "/usr/bin/chromium"
    all: ['test/**/*.html']

Loading QUnit with AMD

When using AMD to load QUnit and your tests, make sure to have a path for the qunit module defined.

Events and reporting

QUnit callback methods and arguments are also emitted through grunt's event system so that you may build custom reporting tools. Please refer to to the QUnit documentation for more information.

The events, with arguments, are as follows:

  • qunit.on.testStart (obj)

  • qunit.on.testEnd (obj)

  • qunit.on.runEnd (obj)

  • qunit.begin

  • qunit.moduleStart (name)

  • qunit.testStart (name)

  • qunit.log (result, actual, expected, message, source)

  • qunit.testDone (name, failed, passed, total, duration)

  • qunit.moduleDone (name, failed, passed, total)

  • qunit.done (failed, passed, total, runtime)

In addition to forwarding QUnit's events, the following events are also emitted by the Grunt plugin:

  • qunit.spawn (url): when Chrome is spawned for a test
  • (url): when Chrome could not open the given url
  • when a QUnit test times out, usually due to a missing QUnit.start() call
  • qunit.error.onError (err): when a JavaScript execution error occurs

You may listen for these events like so:

grunt.event.on('qunit.spawn', function (url) {
  grunt.log.ok('Running test: ' + url);

Release History

  • 2023-09-16   v8.0.1   Add stack trace to uncaught errors.
  • 2023-09-04   v8.0.0   Update to Puppeteer 21 (switch to "Chrome for Testing", and "new" Headless mode). Require Node.js 16 or later.
  • 2023-07-02   v7.0.1   Fix unexpected bridge activation in unrated iframes.
  • 2023-02-14   v7.0.0   Update to Puppeteer 19. Require Node.js 14 or later. Change actual/expected value to JSON when possible.
  • 2022-10-18   v6.2.1   Fix serialization of assertions on circular objects.
  • 2022-06-26   v6.2.0   Enable --no-sandbox by default for CI environments. Add support for CHROMIUM_FLAGS environment variable.
  • 2022-04-29   v6.1.0   Fix reporting of error details when used with QUnit 2.17 and later. Add Grunt events qunit.on.*, as forwarded from QUnit.on().
  • 2022-04-03   v6.0.0   Update to Puppeteer 9. Require Node.js 12 or later. Require QUnit 2.2.0 or later.
  • 2021-04-18   v5.0.0   Update to Puppeteer 5.
  • 2020-06-17   v4.0.0   Update to Puppeteer 4. Require Node.js 10 or later.
  • 2018-12-29   v3.1.0   Update to puppeteer 1.11.
  • 2018-08-12   v3.0.1   Fix regressions.
  • 2018-07-24   v3.0.0   Switch to using Headless Chromium via Puppeteer, instead of PhantomJS
  • 2017-04-04   v2.0.0   Remove use of QUnit.jsDump Upgrade qunitjs to 2.3.0
  • 2017-02-07   v1.3.0   Add --seed flag for running with seeded-random order. Add support for todo tests.
  • 2016-04-14   v1.2.0   Add support for filtering running modules using command line (--modules) Remove 'grunt.warn' output from error.onError handler, onus now on end user binding to event.
  • 2016-03-11   v1.1.0   Add summaryOnly option. Fix options.force. Fix query string for noGlobals.
  • 2016-02-05   v1.0.1   Change QUnit.jsDump to QUnit.dump.
  • 2016-02-05   v1.0.0   Update grunt-lib-phantomjs to 1.0.0, effectively upgrading to phantomjs 2.x. Remove grunt as a peerDependency.
  • 2015-04-03   v0.7.0   Log PhantomJS errors as warnings.
  • 2015-03-31   v0.6.0   Add noGlobals option, forwarded to QUnit. Report proper exit code to grunt based on failures. Add support for AMD.
  • 2014-07-09   v0.5.2   Added support for reporting the duration of testDone. Other minor fixes.
  • 2014-05-31   v0.5.1   Updates grunt-lib-phantomjs.
  • 2014-05-31   v0.5.0   Add ability to hide PhantomJS console output. Add option for binding phantomjs console to grunt output. Default is true (do bind). Add httpBase option. Only call jsDump.parse() if a test failed.
  • 2014-01-17   v0.4.0   Update grunt-lib-phantomjs to v0.5.0. Explicitly set files to publish to npm.
  • 2013-09-29   v0.3.0   Add force option. Add and events. Add qunit.error.onError event to oropagate onError from phantomjs. Update grunt-lib-phantomjs to v0.4.0. Update QUnit to v1.12.0. Remove confusing error message.
  • 2013-06-06   v0.2.2   Warn if no assertions ran in a single test. Spaces instead of newlines for clickable URLs. Wrap bridge.js in a IIFE.
  • 2013-04-05   v0.2.1   Update to use PhantomJS 1.9.0. Fixes PhantomJS not found errors.
  • 2013-02-28   v0.2.0   Update to use PhantomJS 1.8.1.
  • 2013-02-15   v0.1.1   First official release for Grunt 0.4.0.
  • 2013-01-18   v0.1.1rc6   Updating grunt/gruntplugin dependencies to rc6.
  • 2013-01-09   v0.1.1rc5   Updating to work with grunt v0.4.0rc5. Switching to this.filesSrc API. Add urls option for specifying absolute test URLs.
  • 2012-10-05   v0.1.0   Work in progress, not yet officially released.

Task submitted by "Cowboy" Ben Alman

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