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grunt-aws-lambda

0.13.0 • Public • Published

grunt-aws-lambda

A grunt plugin to assist in developing functions for AWS Lambda.

Build Status

This plugin provides helpers for:

  • Running Lambda functions locally
  • Managing npm dependencies which are required by your function
  • Packaging required dependencies with your function in a Lambda compatible zip
  • Uploading package to Lambda

Getting Started

This plugin requires Grunt ~0.4.5

If you haven't used Grunt before, be sure to check out the Getting Started guide, as it explains how to create a Gruntfile as well as install and use Grunt plugins. Once you're familiar with that process, you may install this plugin with this command:

npm install grunt-aws-lambda --save-dev

Once the plugin has been installed, it may be enabled inside your Gruntfile with this line of JavaScript:

grunt.loadNpmTasks('grunt-aws-lambda');

Gotchas

Add dist to your .npmignore

This will save you from packaging previous packages in future ones.

For example your .npmignore might look something like this:

event.json
Gruntfile.js
dist
*.iml

Read More

Authenticating to AWS

This library supports providing credentials for AWS via an IAM Role, an AWS CLI profile, environment variables, a JSON file on disk, or passed in credentials. To learn more, please see the below section

grunt-aws-lambda tasks

Overview

This plugin contains 3 tasks:

  • lambda_invoke - Wrapper to run and test lambda functions locally and view output.
  • lambda_package - Packages function along with any npm dependencies in a zip format suitable for lambda.
  • lambda_deploy - Uploads the zip package to lambda.

lambda_invoke and lambda_package can be used independently, lambda_deploy will invoke lambda_package before uploading the produced zip file.

lambda_invoke

In your project's Gruntfile, add a section named lambda_invoke to the data object passed into grunt.initConfig().

grunt.initConfig({
    lambda_invoke: {
        default: {
            options: {
                // Task-specific options go here.
            }
        }
    },
});

Options

options.handler

Type: String Default value: handler

Name of the handler function to invoke.

options.file_name

Type: String Default value: index.js

Name of your script file which contains your handler function.

options.event

Type: String Default value: event.json

Name of the .json file containing your test event relative to your Gruntfile.

Usage Examples

Default Options

In this example, the default options are used therefore if we have the following in our Gruntfile.js:

grunt.initConfig({
    lambda_invoke: {
        default: {
            options: {
                // Task-specific options go here.
            }
        }
    },
});

And the following in index.js

exports.handler = function (event, context) {
    console.log('value1 = ' + event.key1);
    console.log('value2 = ' + event.key2);
    console.log('value3 = ' + event.key3);
 
    context.done(null, 'Hello World');  // SUCCESS with message
};

And the following in event.json

{
    "key1": "value1",
    "key2": "value2",
    "key3": "value3"
}

Then we run grunt lambda_invoke, we should get the following output:

Running "lambda_invoke" task

value1 = value1
value2 = value2
value3 = value3

Message
-------
Hello World

Done, without errors.

lambda_package

This task generates a lambda package including npm dependencies using the default npm install functionality.

In your project's Gruntfile, add a section named lambda_package to the data object passed into grunt.initConfig().

grunt.initConfig({
    lambda_package: {
        default: {
            options: {
                // Task-specific options go here.
            }
        }
    },
});

Options

options.include_files

Type: Array Default value: []

List of files to explicitly include in the package, even if they would be ignored by NPM

options.include_time

Type: Boolean Default value: true

Whether or not to timestamp the packages, if set to true the current date/time will be included in the zip name, if false then the package name will be constant and consist of just the package name and version.

options.include_version

Type: Boolean Default value: true

Whether or not to include the NPM package version in the artifact package name. Set to false if you'd prefer a static package file name regardless of the version.

options.package_folder

Type: String Default value: ./

The path to your npm package, must contain the package.json file.

options.dist_folder

Type: String Default value: dist

The folder where the complete zip files should be saved relative to the Gruntfile.

Usage Examples

Default Options

In this example, the default options are used therefore if we have the following in our Gruntfile.js:

grunt.initConfig({
    lambda_package: {
        default: {
            options: {
                // Task-specific options go here.
            }
        }
    },
});

And the following in package.json

{
    "name": "my-lambda-function",
    "description": "An Example Lamda Function",
    "version": "0.0.1",
    "private": "true",
    "dependencies": {
        "jquery": "2.1.1"
    },
    "devDependencies": {
        "grunt": "0.4.*",
        "grunt-pack": "0.1.*",
        "grunt-aws-lambda": "0.1.*"
    }
}

Then we run grunt lambda_package, we should see a new zip file in a new folder called dist called something like:

my-lambda-function_0-0-1_2014-10-30-18-29-4.zip

If you unzip that and look inside you should see something like:

index.js
package.json
node_modules/
node_modules/jquery
node_modules/jquery/... etc

Given that by default the dist folder is inside your function folder you can easily end up bundling previous packages inside subsequent packages therefore it is strongly advised that you add dist to your .npmignore.

For example your .npmignore might look something like this:

event.json
Gruntfile.js
dist
*.iml

lambda_deploy

In your project's Gruntfile, add a section named lambda_deploy to the data object passed into grunt.initConfig().

grunt.initConfig({
    lambda_deploy: {
        default: {
            arn: 'arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:123456781234:function:my-function',
            options: {
                // Task-specific options go here.
            }
        }
    },
});

Options

arn

Type: String Default value: None - Required

The ARN of your target Lambda function.

function

Type: String Default value: None - Required (if you havn't specified an ARN)

This option is deprecated, use arn instead. The name of your target Lambda function, ie. the name of the function in the AWS console.

Proxy

On Linux based hosts you can set proxy server for deploy task by specifying standard environment variable - https_proxy. E.g: env https_proxy=http://localhost:8080 grunt deploy

package

Type: String Default value: Package name set by package task of same target - see below.

The name of the package to be uploaded.

When the lambda_package task runs it sets the package value for the lambda_deploy target with the same name.

Therefore if lambda_package and lambda_deploy have a target (eg. default) with the same name you will not need to provide this value - it will be passed automatically.

For example, your Gruntfile.js might contain the following:

grunt.initConfig({
    lambda_deploy: {
        default: {
            arn: 'arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:123456781234:function:my-function'
        }
    },
    lambda_package: {
        default: {
        }
    }
});

You could then run grunt lambda_package lambda_deploy and it'll automatically create the package and deploy it without having to specify a package name.

options.profile

Type: String Default value: null

If you wish to use a specific AWS credentials profile you can specify it here, otherwise it will use the environment default. You can also specify it with the environment variable AWS_PROFILE

options.RoleArn

Type: String Default value: null

If you wish to assume a specific role from an EC2 instance you can specify it here, otherwise it will use the environment default.

options.accessKeyId

Type: String Default value: null

If you wish to use hardcoded AWS credentials you should specify the Access Key ID here

options.secretAccessKey

Type: String Default value: null

If you wish to use hardcoded AWS credentials you should specify the Secret Access Key here

options.credentialsJSON

Type: String Default value: null

If you wish to use hardcoded AWS credentials saved in a JSON file, put the path to the JSON here. The JSON must conform to the AWS format.

options.region

Type: String Default value: us-east-1

Specify the AWS region your functions will be uploaded to. Note that if an ARN is supplied this option is not required.

options.timeout

Type: Integer Default value: null Depending on your Lambda function, you might need to increase the timeout value. The default timeout assigned by AWS is currently 3 seconds. If you wish to increase this timeout set the value here.

options.memory

Type: Integer Default value: null

Sets the memory assigned to the function. If null then the current setting for the function will be used. Value is in MB and must be a multiple of 64.

options.handler

Type: String Default value: null

Sets the handler for your lambda function. If left null, the current setting will remain unchanged.

options.enableVersioning

Type: boolean Default value: false

When enabled each deployment creates a new version.

options.aliases

Type: String or Array Default value: null

If a string or an array of strings then creates these aliases. If versioning enabled then points to the created version, otherwise points to $LATEST.

It is recommended that enableVersioning is also enabled when using this feature.

Examples:

Creates one beta alias:

aliases: 'beta'

Creates two aliases, alias1 and alias2:

aliases: [
    'alias1',
    'alias2'
]
options.enablePackageVersionAlias

Type: boolean Default value: false

When enabled creates a second alias using the NPM package version. When the NPM package version is bumped a new alias will be created, allowing you to keep the old alias available for backward compatibility.

It is recommended that enableVersioning is also enabled when using this feature.

options.subnetIds

Type: Array Default value: null

A list of one or more subnet IDs in your VPC.

options.securityGroupIds

Type: Array Default value: null

A list of one or more security groups IDs in your VPC.

If your Lambda function accesses resources in a VPC you must provide at least one security group and one subnet ID. These must belong to the same VPC

Usage Examples

Default Options

In this example, the default options are used therefore if we have the following in our Gruntfile.js:

grunt.initConfig({
    lambda_deploy: {
        default: {
            arn: 'arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:123456781234:function:my-function'
        }
    }
});

And now if you run grunt lambda_deploy your package should be created and uploaded to the specified function.

Increasing the Timeout Options to 10 seconds

In this example, the timeout value is increased to 10 seconds and set memory to 256mb.

grunt.initConfig({
    lambda_deploy: {
        default: {
            arn: 'arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:123456781234:function:my-function',
            options: {
                timeout : 10,
                memory: 256
            }
        }
    }
});
Example with a beta and prod deployment configuration

Deploy to beta with deploy and to prod with deploy_prod:

grunt.initConfig({
    lambda_invoke: {
        default: {
        }
    },
    lambda_deploy: {
        default: {
            options: {
                aliases: 'beta',
                enableVersioning: true
            },
            arn: 'arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:123456789123:function:myfunction'
        },
        prod: {
            options: {
                aliases: 'prod',
                enableVersioning: true
            },
            arn: 'arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:123456789123:function:myfunction'
        }
    },
    lambda_package: {
        default: {
        },
        prod: {
        }
    }
});
 
grunt.registerTask('deploy', ['lambda_package', 'lambda_deploy:default']);
grunt.registerTask('deploy_prod', ['lambda_package', 'lambda_deploy:prod']);

Misc info

Streamlining deploy

You can combine the lambda_package and lambda_deploy into a single deploy task by adding the following to your Gruntfile.js:

grunt.registerTask('deploy', ['lambda_package', 'lambda_deploy']);

You can then run grunt deploy to perform both these functions in one step.

AWS credentials

The AWS SDK is configured to look for credentials in the following order:

  1. an IAM Role (if running on EC2)
  2. an AWS CLI profile (from ~/.aws/credentials)
  3. environment variables (AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY, AWS_SESSION_TOKEN)
  4. a JSON file on disk
  5. Hardcoded credentials passed into grunt-aws

The preferred method of authenticating during local development is by providing credentials in ~/.aws/credentials, it should look something like this:

[default]
aws_access_key_id = <YOUR_ACCESS_KEY_ID>
aws_secret_access_key = <YOUR_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY>

For more information read this documentation.

AWS permissions

To run the deploy command the AWS credentials require permissions to access lambda including lambda:GetFunction, lambda:UploadFunction, lambda:UpdateFunctionCode, lambda:UpdateFunctionConfiguration and iam:PassRole for the role which is assigned to the function.

It is recommended that the following policy be applied to the user:

{
  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Sid": "Stmt1442787227063",
      "Action": [
        "lambda:GetFunction",
        "lambda:UploadFunction",
        "lambda:UpdateFunctionCode",
        "lambda:UpdateFunctionConfiguration",
        "lambda:GetAlias",
        "lambda:UpdateAlias",
        "lambda:CreateAlias",
        "lambda:PublishVersion"
      ],
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Resource": "arn:aws:lambda:*"
    },
    {
      "Sid": "Stmt1442787265773",
      "Action": [
        "iam:PassRole"
      ],
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Resource": "arn:aws:iam::<my_account_id>:role/<my_role_name>"
    }
  ]
}

Contributing

In lieu of a formal styleguide, take care to maintain the existing coding style. Add unit tests for any new or changed functionality. Lint and test your code using Grunt.

Release History

0.1.0

Initial release

0.2.0

Adding some unit tests, refactoring deploy task into single task and converting tasks to multitasks

0.3.0

Adding more warnings for various failure cases

0.4.0

0.5.0

  • Fixed issue where dotfiles weren't packaged - see issue 17
  • Fixed issue where task could be done before zip writing is finished - pull request by qen
  • Monkey patched node-archiver to force permissions to be 777 for all files in package - see issue 6

0.6.0

  • Fixing a minor issue caused by some code that shouldn't have been commented out.

0.7.0

  • Removing some unneeded files from the NPM package.

0.8.0

0.9.0

0.10.0

0.11.0

0.12.0

0.13.0

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