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    0.5.2 • Public • Published

    gray-matter NPM version

    A simple to use and extend front matter library. Supports parsing and extracting YAML, JSON, TOML or Coffee Front-Matter, with options to set custom delimiters.

    Used by assemble, verb, and thousands of other projects!

    v0.5.0 has breaking changes!

    • YAML is now parsed using the .safeLoad() method from js-yaml.
    • To parse coffee, CSON or javascript front matter, you must set options.eval to true.
    • stringify() has been renamed to toJSON()
    • stringifyYAML() has been renamed to toYAML()


    • Reliable and battle-tested.
    • Will extract and parse:
      • YAML
      • JSON
      • TOML
      • CoffeeScript when options.eval is set to true
      • CSON when options.eval is set to true
      • JavaScript: when options.eval is set to true
    • Easy to add additional parsers! pull requests welcome!



    Install with npm

    npm i gray-matter --save

    Install with bower

    bower install gray-matter --save


    var matter = require('gray-matter');
    console.log(matter('---\ntitle: foo\n---\nbar');
    //=> {data: {title: 'foo'}, content: 'bar', orig: '---\ntitle: foo\n---\nbar'}



    Expects a string and returns and object:

    • str {String}: The string to parse
    • options {Object}: Object of options
    • returns {Object} file: Object with the following properties.
    matter('---\ntitle: Blog\n---\nThis is content.');


      "data": {"title": "Blog"},
      "content": "This is content.",
      "original": "---\ntitle: Blog\n---\nThis is content."


    Read a file then pass the string and options to matter() for parsing:

    • filepath {String}
    • options {Object}
    • returns {Object} file: Same object as matter(), with an additional path property'');

    Returns something like:

      "data": {"title": "Blog"},
      "content": "This is content.",
      "original": "---\ntitle: Blog\n---\nThis is content."


    Return true if front-matter exists.

    • str {String}: The string to parse
    • options {Object}: Options to pass to matter()
    • returns {Boolean} true: or false


    Extend and stringify YAML front matter. Takes an object as the second parameter, and returns either the extended, stringified object (YAML), or if no front matter is found an empty string is returned.

    • str {String}: The string to parse
    • obj {Object}: The object to use to extend the front matter.
    • returns {String}: String with extended YAML front matter.
    matter.extend(str, obj);


    A convenience wrapper around the matter() and matter.extend() methods.

    • str {String}: The string to parse
    • obj {Object}: The object to use to extend the front matter.
    • returns {String}: Original string with extended front matter.

    Extends YAML front matter, then re-assembles front matter with the content of the file.

    matter.reconstruct(str, obj);


    • str {String}
    • options {Object}
    • returns {Object}: Parsed front matter as JSON.

    Convenience wrapper around the matter(str).data() method.


    • str {String}
    • options {Object}
    • returns {String}: Stringified YAML.

    Stringify parsed front matter back to YAML.


    All methods will accept an options object to be passed as a second parameter


    Type: Boolean

    Default: false

    Evaluate coffee-script, CSON or JavaScript in front-matter. If you aren't aware of the dangers, google is your friend.


    Type: String

    Default: yaml

    The parser to use on the extracted front matter. Valid options include:

    • yaml
    • json
    • coffee
    • cson
    • toml
    • js|javascript


    Type: Object

    Default: {delims: ['---', '---']}

    Open and close delimiters can be passed in as an array of strings. Example:'', {delims: ['~~~', '~~~']});

    You may also pass an array of arrays, allowing multiple alternate delimiters to be used. Example:

      delims: [
        ['---', '~~~'], ['---', '~~~']

    Note that passing multiple delimiters will yield unpredictable results, it is recommended that you use this option only for testing purposes.


    Type: Boolean

    Default: undefined

    Attempts to automatically register a language that is specified after the first code boundary (delimiter).

    Usage Example:

    --- coffee
    user = 'jonschlinkert'
    reverse = (src) ->
    {%= user %}
    {%= reverse(user) %}


    Let's say our page, foo.html contains

    title: YAML Front matter
    description: This is a page

    then running the following in the command line:



      "data": {
        "title": "YAML Front matter",
        "description": "This is a page"
      "content": "<h1>{{title}}</h1>",
      "original": "---\ntitle: YAML Front matter\n---\n<h1>{{title}}</h1>"




    {"title": "YAML Front matter", "description": "This is a page"}


    Given this page:

    title: Gray Matter

    and this config:

    var file = require('fs').readFileSync('', 'utf8');
    var obj = {
      description: 'A simple to use front matter lib';
    matter.extend(file, obj);

    the result would be:

    title: Gray Matter
    description: A simple to use front matter lib


    Why another YAML Front Matter library?

    Because other libraries we tried failed to meet our requirements with Assemble. Some most of the libraries met most of the requirements, but none had all of them. Here are the most important:

    • Be usable, if not simple
    • Allow custom delimiters
    • Use a dependable and well-supported library for parsing YAML and other languages
    • Don't fail when no content exists
    • Don't fail when no front matter exists
    • Have no problem reading YAML files directly
    • Have no problem with complex content, including fenced code blocks that contain examples of YAML front matter. Other parsers fail on this.
    • Should return an object that contains the parsed YAML front matter and content, as well as the "original" content.


    Jon Schlinkert


    Copyright (c) 2014 Jon Schlinkert, contributors.
    Released under the MIT license

    This file was generated by verb-cli on October 24, 2014.


    npm i gray-matter@0.5.2





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