generate-graphql-query
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1.0.0 • Public • Published

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npm i generate-graphql-query

Generate GraphQL query from JavaScript object.

This module supports aliases, arguments, directives, enumerations, fragments and variables.

You can use the generate-graphql-client module to generate TypeScript code from your GraphQL introspection and use this module to generate the GraphQL query that to be sent to the server.

To get started with GraphQL Toolkit , you can click here to read the documentation. To try GraphQL Toolkit online, you can click here to visit our online playground.

Table of contents:

Usage

Basic usage

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  query: {
    /**
     * Optional operation name.
     */
    $name: 'CountriesQuery',

    // Querying `countries`.
    countries: {
      // Specify arguments for `countries`.
      $args: {
        filter: {
          continent: {
            in: ['AF']
          }
        }
      },

      // Selecting the fields we want to fetch.
      code: true,

      // We can also use numbers, for they are shorter than booleans.
      // Zero will be treated as `false`. Any other value will be
      // treated as `true`.
      name: 1,

      // Selecting nested object.
      continent: {
        code: 1,

        // If the value is string, the string will be used as alias.
        name: 'continent_name'
      }
    }
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

query CountriesQuery {
  countries (
    filter: {
      continent: {
        in: ["AF"]
      }
    }
  ) {
    code
    name
    continent {
      code
      continent_name: name
    }
  }
}

Using alias

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  query: {
    // Example of defining alias for the field.
    country: {
      $alias: 'country_fr',
      $args: { code: 'FR' },

      // We can use string to set alias.
      code: 'country_code',
      // We can also use object to set alias.
      name: { $alias: 'country_name' }
    },

    // Example of defining two aliases for the same field.
    countries: [
      {
        $alias: 'af_countries',
        $args: { filter: { continent: { eq: 'AF' } } },
        code: true,
        name: true
      },
      {
        $alias: 'as_countries',
        $args: { filter: { continent: { eq: 'AS' } } },
        code: true,
        name: true
      }
    ]
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

query {
  country_fr: country (
    code: "FR"
  ) {
    country_code: code
    country_name: name
  }
  af_countries: countries (
    filter: {
      continent: {
        eq: "AF"
      }
    }
  ) {
    code
    name
  }
  as_countries: countries (
    filter: {
      continent: {
        eq: "AS"
      }
    }
  ) {
    code
    name
  }
}

Arguments

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  query: {
    users: {
      $args: {
        // Values will be encoded to corresponding types in GraphQL.
        nameContains: 'a',
        verified: true,
        deletedAt: null,
        status: 1,

        // Argument can be nested object.
        hasFriendsWith: {
          nameContains: 'b',
          deletedAt: null
        },

        orderBy: {
          field: 'created_at',

          // If the value is an object with a key named `$enum`, the value
          // will be processed as enumeration. In our example, the value
          // `DESC` will not be double-quoted in the result for it is a
          // enumeration value.
          direction: { $enum: 'DESC' }
        },

        // If the value is `undefined` or if the argument is empty,
        // the argument will be skipped.
        role: undefined,
        hasRoleWith: {}
      },

      id: true,
      name: true
    }
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

query {
  users (
    nameContains: "a"
    verified: true
    deletedAt: null
    status: 1
    hasFriendsWith: {
      nameContains: "b"
      deletedAt: null
    }
    orderBy: {
      field: "created_at"
      direction: DESC
    }
  ) {
    id
    name
  }
}

Arguments for sub-fields

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  query: {
    country: {
      $args: { code: 'CN' },

      // Set arguments for the field.
      name: {
        $args: { lang: 'zh' }
      }
    }
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

query {
  country (
    code: "CN"
  ) {
    name (
      lang: "zh"
    )
  }
}

Passing empty objects in the arguments with $raw or $keep

As you can see in the previous example of arguments, the value with an empty object in the arguments will be skipped. But sometimes we need to pass empty object to the server, for example clearing all fields in a JSON field. To achieve that, we can use $raw or $keep to pass empty objects.

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  mutation: {
    someAction: {
      $args: {
        // The following two objects will be skipped, for they are empty.
        skippedEmptyObject1: {},
        skippedEmptyObject2: { undefinedField: undefined },

        // To keep empty object, we can use the `$keep` flag.
        emptyObject1: { $keep: true },
        emptyObject2: { $keep: true, undefinedField: undefined },

        // We can also use `$raw` to pass objects.
        emptyObject3: { $raw: '{}' },

        // Actually, we can pass any type of value with `$raw`.
        numberWithRaw: { $raw: 1 },
        boolWithRaw: { $raw: true }
      }
    }
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

mutation {
  someAction (
    emptyObject1: {}
    emptyObject2: {}
    emptyObject3: {}
    numberWithRaw: 1
    boolWithRaw: true
  )
}

Enumerations

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  query: {
    users: {
      $args: {
        // Enum is an object with a key named `$enum`.
        // The enum value will not be double-quoted.
        statusIn: [{ $enum: 'VERIFIED' }],

        orderBy: {
          field: 'created_at',
          direction: { $enum: 'DESC' }
        }
      },

      id: 1,
      name: 1
    }
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

query {
  users (
    statusIn: [VERIFIED]
    orderBy: {
      field: "created_at"
      direction: DESC
    }
  ) {
    id
    name
  }
}

Variables

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  query: {
    $variables: {
      // Declare a variable named `$codes`.
      $codes: `[String!]! = []`
    },

    countries: {
      // Use the variable named `$codes`.
      $args: {
        filter: {
          code: {
            // Variable is an object with a key named `$var`.
            in: { $var: '$codes' }
          }
        }
      },

      code: true,
      name: true
    }
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

query (
  $codes: [String!]! = []
) {
  countries (
    filter: {
      code: {
        in: $codes
      }
    }
  ) {
    code
    name
  }
}

Directives

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  query: {
    directivesExample: {
      // Use string to set directive.
      field1: {
        $directives: '@skip(if: false)'
      },

      // Use object to set directive.
      field2: {
        $directives: {
          name: '@include',
          args: { if: true }
        }
      },

      // Use array to set multiple directives.
      field3: {
        $directives: [
          '@skip(if: false)',
          {
            name: '@my_directive',
            args: { arg: 'value' }
          }
        ]
      }
    }
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

query {
  directivesExample {
    field1 @skip(if: false)
    field2 @include (
      if: true
    )
    field3 @skip(if: false) @my_directive (
      arg: "value"
    )
  }
}

Fragments

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  fragments: {
    // Declare a fragment named `countryFields` on the type `Country`.
    countryFields: {
      $on: 'Country',
      code: true,
      name: true
    }
  },
  query: {
    countries: {
      // Use the fragment named `countryFields`.
      $fragments: [{ spread: 'countryFields' }]
    }
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

query {
  countries {
    ...countryFields
  }
}

fragment countryFields on Country {
  code
  name
}

Inline fragments

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  query: {
    countries: {
      $fragments: [
        // Inline fragment on the type `Country`.
        {
          inline: {
            $on: 'Country',
            // Set directives for the fragment.
            $directives: {
              name: '@skip',
              args: { if: false }
            },
            name: true
          }
        },
        // The type can be omitted.
        {
          inline: {
            code: true
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

query {
  countries {
    ... on Country @skip (
      if: false
    ) {
      name
    }
    ... {
      code
    }
  }
}

Mutations

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  mutation: {
    updateUser: {
      $args: {
        id: '1000',
        name: 'joe'
      },

      name: true
    }
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

mutation {
  updateUser (
    id: "1000"
    name: "joe"
  ) {
    name
  }
}

Multiple fields in mutations

Because mutation fields run in series, one after the other. So the order of the fields in a mutation is very important to avoid race condition. To make sure the field order is correct, we should use the $fields array to ensure the order. Below is an example:

import { generateQuery } from 'generate-graphql-query'

const query = generateQuery({
  mutation: {
    // Use `$fields` array to make sure the order of multiple fields
    // is correct. In this example, the mutation `operationB` is
    // guaranteed to finish before the mutation `operationA` begins.
    $fields: [
      {
        operationB: {
          $args: { id: '1000' },
          status: true
        }
      },
      {
        operationA: {
          $args: { id: '1000' },
          status: true
        }
      }
    ]
  }
})

console.log(query)

The output is:

mutation {
  operationB (
    id: "1000"
  ) {
    status
  }
  operationA (
    id: "1000"
  ) {
    status
  }
}

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