galorex

1.5.7 • Public • Published

GaLore

This repo contains the pre-release version of GaLore algorithm, proposed by GaLore: Memory-Efficient LLM Training by Gradient Low-Rank Projection.

Gradient Low-Rank Projection (GaLore) is a memory-efficient low-rank training strategy that allows full-parameter learning but is more memory-efficient than common low-rank adaptation methods, such as LoRA. As a gradient projection method, GaLore is independent of the choice of optimizers and can be easily plugged into existing ones with only two lines of code, as shown in Algorithm 1 below.

Image 2

Installation

pip install -e .

Usage

from galore_torch import GaLoreAdamW, GaLoreAdamW8bit, GaLoreAdafactor
# define param groups as galore_params and non_galore_params
param_groups = [{'params': non_galore_params}, 
                {'params': galore_params, 'rank': 128, 'update_proj_gap': 200, 'scale': 0.25, 'proj_type': 'std'}]
optimizer = GaLoreAdamW(param_groups, lr=0.01)

Benchmark 1: Pre-Training LLaMA on C4 dataset

torchrun_main.py is the main script for training LLaMA models on C4 with GaLore. Our benchmark scripts for various sizes of models are in scripts/benchmark_c4 folder. For example, to train a 60m model on C4, do the following:

# LLaMA-60M, GaLore-Adam, 1 A100, 1 Node
torchrun --standalone --nproc_per_node 1 torchrun_main.py \
    --model_config configs/llama_60m.json \
    --lr 0.01 \
    --galore_scale 0.25 \
    --rank 128 \
    --update_proj_gap 200 \
    --batch_size 256 \
    --total_batch_size 512 \
    --num_training_steps 10000 \
    --warmup_steps 1000 \
    --weight_decay 0 \
    --dtype bfloat16 \
    --eval_every 1000 \
    --optimizer galore_adamw 

Train 7B model with a single GPU with 24GB memory

To train a 7B model with a single GPU such as NVIDIA RTX 4090, all you need to do is to specify --optimizer=galore_adamw8bit_per_layer, which enables GaLoreAdamW8bit with per-layer weight updates. With activation checkpointing, you can maintain a batch size of 16 tested on NVIDIA RTX 4090.

# LLaMA-7B, 8-bit GaLore-Adam, single GPU, activation checkpointing
# bsz=16, 22.8G, 
torchrun --standalone --nproc_per_node 1 torchrun_main.py \
    --model_config configs/llama_7b.json \
    --lr 0.005 \
    --galore_scale 0.25 \
    --rank 1024 \
    --update_proj_gap 500 \
    --batch_size 16 \
    --total_batch_size 512 \
    --activation_checkpointing \
    --num_training_steps 150000 \
    --warmup_steps 15000 \
    --weight_decay 0 \
    --grad_clipping 1.0 \
    --dtype bfloat16 \
    --eval_every 1000 \
    --single_gpu \
    --optimizer galore_adamw8bit_per_layer

Currently per-layer weight updates technique is only supported for single GPU training (--single_gpu) without using nn.parallel.DistributedDataParallel. We are working on supporting multi-GPU training with per-layer weight updates.

Benchmark 2: Fine-Tuning RoBERTa on GLUE tasks

run_glue.py is the main script for fine-tuning RoBERTa models on GLUE tasks with GaLore. An example script is shown below:

python run_glue.py \
    --model_name_or_path roberta-base \
    --task_name mrpc \
    --enable_galore \
    --lora_all_modules \
    --max_length 512 \
    --seed=1234 \
    --lora_r 4 \
    --galore_scale 4 \
    --per_device_train_batch_size 16 \
    --update_proj_gap 500 \
    --learning_rate 3e-5 \
    --num_train_epochs 30 \
    --output_dir results/ft/roberta_base/mrpc

Citation

@misc{zhao2024galore,
      title={GaLore: Memory-Efficient LLM Training by Gradient Low-Rank Projection}, 
      author={Jiawei Zhao and Zhenyu Zhang and Beidi Chen and Zhangyang Wang and Anima Anandkumar and Yuandong Tian},
      year={2024},
      eprint={2403.03507},
      archivePrefix={arXiv},
      primaryClass={cs.LG}
}

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