3.1.0 • Public • Published


    Build Status npm

    The purpose of this module was to create a simple dependency injection module for functions. This makes writing unit tests a breeze.


    npm i funjector --save


    Say I have a scenario where there is a function A that I want to test, which internally calls another global function B. For the sake of simplicity lets also assume that both the functions a truly pure.

    function B (x) {
      return x * 100
    function A (x, y) {
      return B(+ y)

    There are multiple ways you can test function A()

    • Without mocking B: In this case you don't mock the function B() and let A use the global B function. In this approach you end up testing the B function as well. This is fine if the function is simple and is only being used by A. If the function is complex and say performs some time consuming operations, then its always better to mock B.
    • Mocking B Globally: So assuming that B isn't a simple function and must be mocked we can globally mock B. Global mocking comes with its own set of overheads such reseting the Mocked function after every test. There are quite a few libraries that will help you mock and reset functions/modules globally. Most of them are quite essentially hacks as they bind themselves to env globals such as require and process.
    • Mocking B Locally: This is exactly what one should be doing. We need to re-write A such that B is a param to A.
    function B (x) {
      return x * 100
    function A (B, x, y) {
      return B(+ y)
    A(B, 10, 20) // Sample Call for function A

    Though this seems like a good solution but it comes with a major drawback — Wherever I am going to use A, I will have to pass an additional param B to it.

    This can get out of control pretty easily —

    function C (x) {
      return x - 1
    function B (C, x) {
      return C(* 100)
    function A (B, C, x, y) {
      return B(C, x + y)
    A(B, C, 10 ,20)

    As you can, though A only needs three params viz — B, x, y I have to pass C because internally B needs C! This is still an overly simplified version of issues one might face.

    With funjector

    import {partial, call} from 'funjector'
    function C (x) {
      return x - 1
    // Binds the function B with C as the first param
    const B = partial(function (C, x) {
      return C(* 100)
    }, C)
    // Binds the function A with B as the first param
    const A = partial(function (B, x, y) {
      return B(+ y)
    }, B)
    A(10, 20) // Calls the partialized version of the function
    call(A, i => i + 1, 10, 20) // Calls the original function A with a custom implementation of B


    partial(func, *args)

    Creates a function that calls func with args arguments prepended to those provided to the new function.

    import {partial} from 'funjector'
    const a = partial((x, y) => x * y, 10)
    a(3) // OUTPUTS: 30
    a(4) // OUTPUTS: 40

    call(func, *args)

    calls a partialized function returned by partial(), with the passed args ignoring all the arguments that were passed as the bindings.

    import {call, partial} from 'funjector'
    const a = partial((x, y) => x * y, 10)
    call(a, 9, 3) // OUTPUTS: 27 and not 30
    call(a, 9, 4) // OUTPUTS: 36 and not 40

    callWith(func, context, *args)

    exactly like call() except that the second param is used as the context with which the function func is invoked.


    a placeholder that can be used with the function partial() to selectively control the order of arguments that are being passed the function.

    import {SKIP, partial} from 'funjector'
    const a = partial((a, b, c, d) => [a, b, c, d], 1, SKIP, SKIP, 4)
    a(2, 3) // OUTPUTS:  [1, 2, 3, 4]




    npm i funjector

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads






    Last publish


    • tusharmathur