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frint-data

5.7.2 • Public • Published

frint-data

npm

Reactive data modelling package for Frint


Guide

Installation

With npm:

$ npm install --save frint-data

Via unpkg CDN:

<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/lodash.js/4.17.4/lodash.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/rxjs/5.5.0/Rx.min.js"></script>
 
<script src="https://unpkg.com/frint-data@latest/dist/frint-data.min.js"></script>
 
<script>
  // available as `window.FrintData`
</script> 

Terminologies

  • Model: Object-like data structures
  • Collection: Array-like data structures
  • Schema: The structure of a Model
  • Type: Type of individual keys in a Model's Schema

Usage

Let's first import the dependencies:

import { Types, createModel, createCollection } from 'frint-data';

Define Model

// Individual Todo items can be Models
const Todo = createModel({
  // schema
  schema: {
    title: Types.string, // or, Types.string.isRequired
    completed: Types.bool, // or, Types.bool.defaults(false)
  },
 
  // custom methods
  setTitle(newTitle) {
    this.title = newTitle;
  },
});

Define a Collection

// a group of Todo models can be put in a Todos collection
const Todos = createCollection({
  model: Todo,
 
  addTodo(todo) {
    return this.push(todo);
  },
 
  extractLast() {
    return this.pop();
  },
});

Intantiate classes

// model
const todo = new Todo({
  title: 'First task',
  completed: false,
});
 
// collection
const todos = new Todos();
todos.addTodo(todo);

Model usage

// access properties
console.log(todo.title); // `First task`
 
// properties are immutable
todo.title = 'First task title changed';
console.log(todo.title); // still `First task`
 
// mutate them via methods only
todo.setTitle('First task [updated]');
console.log(todo.title); // `First task [updated]`

Collection usage

// lets add the model to collection
todos.addTodo(todo);
console.log(todos.length); // `1`
 
todos.addTodo(new Todo({
  title: 'My second task',
  completed: false
}));
console.log(todos.length); // `2`
 
// let's take the last model out of the collection
const lastTodo = todos.extractLast();
console.log(lastTodo); // `My second task`
console.log(todos.length); // `1`

Observing Models and Collections

import { map } from 'rxjs/operators/map';
 
// model
const todoTitle$ = todo.get$()
  .pipe(
    map(model => model.title)
  );
 
todoTitle$.subscribe(function (title) {
  console.log(title); // will stream as the Model changes
});
 
// collection
todos.get$().subscribe(function (collection) {
  console.log('collection was changed');
});

Types

One of the main features of frint-data is that it is strictly based on typed values.

A list of type expressions are already shipped with the package and you can import them as follows:

import { Types } from 'frint-data';

Some of the types include:

  • Types.string
  • Types.number
  • Types.enum
  • ...see API Reference below for more.

Primary types

If you want to check the type of a value that you expect to be a string:

const checkIfString = Types.string;

Now the checkIfString function would return a string if a correct valid string was passed to it, otherwise it would throw a new TypesError.

const str = checkIfString('Hello World'); // returns `Hello World`
 
const foo = checkIfString([1, 2, 3]); // throws TypesError

Chaining types

Type expressions can also be chained:

const checkIfString = Types.string.isRequired;
 
checkIfString('hello world'); // returns `hello world`
 
checkIfString(); // throws TypesError: value is undefined

Available chained expressions:

  • isRequired
  • defaults(defaultValue)

Models

Models are objects that represent data. A model can hold data in the form of regular strings, booleans, and even embed other Models and Collections.

Create a Model class

When creating a Model class, we need to pass a schema (formed of Types):

import { Types, createModel } from 'frint-data';
 
const Todo = createModel({
  schema: {
    title: Types.string.isRequired,
    completed: Types.bool.defaults(false),
  },
});

Here, we are creating a new Model class for Todo, and we are providing a schema to it saying title is a required string, and completed is a boolean value that defaults to false.

Create a model instance

const todo = new Todo({
  title: 'My new todo item'
});

Since completed would default to false, we don't need to pass it during instantiation. But if we didn't provide the title, it would throw a new TypesError.

Accessing model properties

You can get the values from your model instance just like you would do with a regular plain object:

const title = todo.title; // `My new todo item`

Immutable by default

Model properties are immutable by default. And you can only change them via methods that you define while creating the Model class in the beginning.

todo.title = 'Changing the title'; // has no impact
 
console.log(todo.title); // still `My new todo item`

Model methods

To change any property values, lets extend your Model class a bit more, by passing a new method in createModel():

const Todo = createModel({
  schema: {
    title: Types.string.isRequired,
    completed: Types.bool.defaults(false),
  },
 
  // custom method
  setTitle(newTitle) {
    this.title = newTitle;
  },
});

Now from instance level, we can change the title:

todo.setTitle('Changing the title');
 
console.log(todo.title); // `Changing the title`

Collections

Collections are arrays of Models, and to be more precise, they contain Models of a specific single class.

For example a Todos collection consisting of only Todo models.

Create a Collection class

import { createCollection } from 'frint-data';
 
const Todos = createCollection({
  model: Todo, // passing the Todo model class
});

Create a collection instance

// empty instance
const todos = new Todos();
 
// instance with some models data
const todos = new Todos([
  { title: 'First task' }, // will be converted to Todo instances
  { title: 'Second task'}
]);
 
// instance with some model instances
const todos = new Todos([
  new Todo({ title: 'First task' }),
  new Todo({ title: 'Second task' })
]);

Methods

You can make new methods available to your collection instances as follows:

const Todos = createCollection({
  model: Todo,
 
  // custom method
  doSomething() {
    return true;
  },
});

Collection instances also come with built-in methods like map, filter, reduce just like Array. See more in API Reference.

Immutable collections

Collections are immutable by default. If you want to use built-in methods that mutate the collection, then you have to do them by defining custom methods first:

const Todos = createCollection({
  model: Todo,
 
  addTodo(todo) {
    // `push` and other mutating methods are only available inside custom methods
    return this.push(todo);
  },
});
 
const todos = new Todos();
todos.addTodo(new Todo({ title: 'First task' })); // works
 
// this will NOT work
todos.push(new Todo({ title: 'Another task' }));

Embedding

Models can embed other Models and Collections, and this can go as many levels deep as the data structure demands.

Embedding Models

Let's say we have an individual Address model:

import { Types, createModel } from 'frint-data';
 
const Address = createModel({
  schema: {
    street: Types.string.isRequired,
    city: Types.string.isRequired,
  },
  setStreet(street) {
    this.street = street;
  },
});

And we also have a Person model:

const Person = createModel({
  schema: {
    name: Types.string.isRequired,
  },
});

If we wish to embed Address model in a new schema key address in Person model, we can do:

const Person = createModel({
  schema: {
    name: Types.string.isRequired,
    address: Types.model.of(Address).isRequired,
  },
});

Next, if we instantiate a new Person:

const person = new Person({
  name: 'Sirius Black',
  address: {
    street: '12 Grimmauld Place',
    city: 'London'
  }
});
 
// `person` is an instance of Person
// `person.address` is an instance of Address

To change the street name of the address, we would access the method as:

person.address.setStreet('New street name');

Embedding Collections

From previous examples, we already have a Person model. Now let's say, a Person has a collection of Books.

We can define the classes as follows:

import { Types, createModel, createCollection } from 'frint-data';
 
const Book = createModel({
  schema: {
    title: Types.string.isRequired,
  },
});
 
const Books = createCollection({
  model: Book,
});
 
const Person = createModel({
  schema: {
    name: Types.string.isRequired,
    books: Types.collection.of(Books),
  },
});

When instantiating a Person, we can optionally pass books data too:

const person = new Person({
  name: 'Bathilda Bagshot',
  books: [
    { title: 'A History of Magic' }
  ]
});
 
// `person` is an instance of Person
// `person.books` is an instance of Books
// `person.books.at(0)` is an instance of Book

You could now add more books to the list as:

person.books.push(new Book({
  name: 'Hogwarts: A History'
}));

Note

The API is highly inspired by Tydel, and this package aims to be a reactive version of it using RxJS.


API

Types

Types

Type expressions for your Models' schema.

Available types:

Types.string

Types.string

const Todo = createModel({
  schema: {
    title: Types.string
  }
});

Types.bool

Types.bool

const Todo = createModel({
  schema: {
    completed: Types.bool
  }
});

Types.date

Types.date

const Todo = createModel({
  schema: {
    createdAt: Types.date
  }
});

Types.number

Types.number

const Person = createModel({
  schema: {
    age: Types.number
  }
});

Types.enum

Types.enum

If you want the value to be one of the pre-defined list of values:

const Book = createModel({
  schema: {
    category: Types.enum([
      'history',
      'fiction',
      'romance'
    ])
  }
});

And if you want the enum to be of specific types, you can use enum.of:

const Book = createModel({
  schema: {
      category: Types.enum.of([
      Types.string,
      Types.number
    ])
  }
});

Types.UUID

Types.uuid

const Book = createModel({
  schema: {
    id: Types.uuid
  }
});

Example UUID value: 27961a0e-f4e8-4eb3-bf95-c5203e1d87b9

Types.model

Types.model

Models can embed other models too:

const Person = createModel({
  schema: {
    address: Types.model
  }
});

If you want to be more strict about which Model class can be embedded, use model.of:

const Address = createModel({
  schema: {
    street: Types.string,
    city: Types.string
  }
});
 
const Person = createModel({
  schema: {
    address: Types.model.of(Address)
  }
});

Types.collection

Types.collection

Collections can also be embedded in models:

const Author = createModel({
  schema: {
    books: Types.collection
  }
});

If you want to be more strict about which Collection class can be embedded, use collection.of:

const Book = createModel({
  schema: {
    title: Types.string
  }
});
 
const Books = createCollection({
  model: Book
});
 
const Author = createModel({
  schema: {
    books: Types.collection.of(Books)
  }
});

The following Types are available, but not recommended for use since these do not support observing them for changes. Consider embedding Models or Collections instead:

  • Types.object
  • Types.array
  • Types.any

createModel

createModel(options)

Returns a Model class based on the schema and methods that are provided.

Arguments

  1. options (Object):
  • options.schema (Object): Schema object with keys having field values based on Types expressions
  • options.initialize (Function): Called when the Model is constructed
  • options.* (Function): Custom methods

Returns

Model class.

createCollection

createCollection(options)

Arguments

  1. options (Object):
  • options.model (Model): Model class that this Collection is of
  • options.initialize (Function): Called when the Collection is constructed
  • options.* (Function): Custom methods

Returns

Collection class.

Model

Next to the custom methods, Models also expose some built-in methods.

Some methods also support streaming the results with an Observable. Look for methods ending with $:

model.getIn

getIn(paths)

getIn$(paths)

Returns the value in given path.

For example:

const firstBookTitle = author.getIn(['books', 0, 'title']);
 
// same as:
// author.books.at(0).title;

model.get

get()

get(path)

get$(path)

If no argument provided, then results self.

The path can either be key according to the model's schema, or a dot separated path targeting some nested child.

person.get('books.0.title');
 
// same as:
// person.getIn(['books', 0, 'title']);

toJS

toJS()

toJS$()

Returns a plain JavaScript object from all its properties, as well as nested Models and Collections.

model.destroy

destroy()

Destroys the model, and cleans up its watchers.

Collection

The Collection instance tries to imitate the native Array as much as possible.

Most methods also support supporting streaming the results as they change. Look for methods ending with $ in examples.

collection.length

length

The lengh of the Collection.

const length = collection.length;

collection.at

collection.at(n)

collection.at$(n)

Returns the model at specific index

collection.push

collection.push(model)

Pushes the model, and adds it to the end of the collection.

collection.every

every(iteratorFn)

every$(iteratorFn)

Tests whether all models in the collection pass the test implemented by the provided function.

collection.filter

filter(iteratorFn)

filter$(iteratorFn)

Creates a new array with all models that pass the test implemented by the provided function.

collection.find

find(iteratorFn)

find$(iteratorFn)

Returns a model in the collection, if a model in the array satisfies the provided testing function. Otherwise undefined is returned.

collection.forEach

forEach(iteratorFn)

Executes provided function once per model in the collection.

collection.includes

includes(model)

includes$(model)

Determines whether colelction includes a certain model, returning true or false as appropriate.

collection.indexOf

indexOf(model)

indexOf$(model)

Returns the first index at which a given model can be found in the collection, or -1 if it is not present.

collection.map

map(fn)

map$(fn)

Creates a new array with the results of calling the provided function on every model in this collection.

reduce

reduce(fn, initialValue)

reduce$(fn, initialValue)

Applies the function against an accumulator and each model of the collection (from left-to-right) to reduce it to a single value.

collection.some

some(iteratorFn)

some$(iteratorFn)

Tests whether some model in the collection passes the test implemented by the provided function.

collection.pop

pop()

Removes the last model from the collection and returns that model. This method changes the length of the collection.

collection.shift

shift()

Removes the first model from the collection and returns that model. This method changes the length of the collection.

collection.unshift

unshift(model)

Adds one or more models to the beginning of the collection and returns the new length of the collection.

collection.remove

remove(model)

Removes model from the collection.

collection.removeFrom

removeFrom(n)

Removes model from the given n index.

collection.first

first()

first$()

Gets the first model of the collection.

collection.last

last()

last$()

Gets the last model of the collection.

collection.take

take(n = 1)

take$(n = 1)

Creates a slice of array with n models taken from the beginning.

collection.takeRight

takeRight(n = 1)

takeRight$(n = 1)

Creates a slice of array with n models taken from the end.

collection.destroy

destroy()

Destroys the collection and its watchers.

collection.toJS

toJS()

toJS$()

Converts the collection to a plain array, and also converting the models into plain objects recursively.

collection.get

get$()

Returns an Observable of the collection, as it keeps on changing.

isModel

isModel(object)

Arguments

  1. object (Object): The argument to check against

Returns

Boolean: True if the given object is a valid Model instance, false otherwise.

isCollection

isCollection(object)

Arguments

  1. object (Object): The argument to check against

Returns

Boolean: True if the given object is a valid Collection instance, false otherwise.

TypesError

TypesError

Thrown when Type checking has failed.

MethodError

MethodError

Thrown when executing a custom method has resulted in an error.

CollectionError

CollectionError

Thrown when a Collection has experienced an error.

Keywords

install

npm i frint-data

Downloadsweekly downloads

552

version

5.7.2

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

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