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    0.2.5 • Public • Published

    Freeze-dry: web page conservation

    Freeze-dry stores a web page as it is shown in the browser. It takes the DOM, and returns it as an HTML string, after having and inlined external resources such as images and stylesheets (as data: URLs).

    It also ensures the snapshot is static and completely offline: all scripts are removed, and any attempt at internet connectivity is blocked by adding a content security policy. The resulting HTML document is a static, self-contained snapshot of the page.

    For more details about how this exactly works, see src/


    const html = await freezeDry(document, options)

    The options object is optional, and even document can be omitted, in which case it will default to window.document. Possible options are:

    • timeout (number): Maximum time (in milliseconds) spent on fetching the page's subresources. The resulting HTML will have only succesfully fetched subresources inlined.

    • docUrl (string): overrides the documents's URL. This will influence the expansion of relative URLs, and is useful for cases where the document was constructed dynamically (e.g. using DOMParser).

    • charsetDeclaration (string): The value put into the element of the snapshot. Default is 'utf-8'. If you will store/serve the returned string using an encoding other than UTF8, pass its name here; or pass null or an empty string to omit the declaration altogether.

    • addMetadata (boolean): If true (the default), a meta and link tag will be added to the returned html, noting the documents URL and time of snapshotting (that is, the current time).

      The meta data mimics the HTTP headers defined for the Memento protocol. The added headers look like so:

      <meta http-equiv="Memento-Datetime" content="Sat, 18 Aug 2018 18:02:20 GMT">
      <link rel="original" href="">
    • keepOriginalAttributes (boolean): If true (the default), preserves the original value of an element attribute if its URLs are inlined, by noting it as a new data-original-... attribute. For example, <img src="bg.png"> would become <img src="data:..." data-original-src="bg.png">. Note this is an unstandardised workaround to keep URLs of subresources available; unfortunately URLs inside stylesheets are still lost.

    • now (Date): Overrides the snapshot time (only relevant when addMetadata is true). Mainly intended for testing purposes.

    • fetchResource: custom function for fetching resources; should be API-compatible with the global fetch(), but may also return an object { blob, url } instead of a Response.

    • glob: Overrides the global window object that is used for accessing global DOM interfaces. Defaults to doc.defaultView or (if that is absent) the global window. Intended for (testing) environments where freezeDry is not run ‘in’ but ‘on’ a DOM (e.g. some jsdom setups).

    Note that the resulting string can easily be several megabytes when pages contain images, videos, fonts, etcetera.




    npm i freeze-dry

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