fmt-tag
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1.1.1 • Public • Published

fmt-tag

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Format template literals.

Installation

This package is distributed via npm:

npm install fmt-tag

Motivation

Template literals and template tags provide a unique API to build tools around strings. What started as a fun blog post about template tags ended up being this full-fledged library that might hopefully be useful to someone!

Usage

You can use this library either as an ES module or a CommonJS package:

import fmt from "fmt-tag";

- or -

const fmt = require("fmt-tag");

Please note that this library uses extensively Intl, which is not supported on older browsers (https://caniuse.com/?search=Intl) or Node versions < 16.

You can tag any template literal and append formatting hints right after interpolations to apply specific formatting to that substitutive value.

const name = "Alice";
const money = 20;

console.log(fmt`${name} has ${money}:c(USD) in her pocket!`);
// "Alice has $20 in her pocket!"

Hints can also be dynamic, for example displaying a specific currency based on a country variable, as follows:

const name = "Alice";
const money = 20;
const country = "UK";

console.log(fmt`${name} has ${money}:c(${country === "UK" ? "GBP" : "USD"}) in her pocket!`);
// "Alice has £20 in her pocket!"

The formatting uses the host's default language settings. You can also pass in a specific locale via fmt.use(locale).

fmt.use(locale: string)

Sets a locale to be used when formatting template literals. By default, the formatting will use the host's default language settings.

Formatters

There are a few formatters available (more to come!).

Currency

Key Options
:c Any valid currency symbol (e.g. :c(USD), :c(EUR), ...)

Date

Key Options
:d - :d(DD-MM-YYYY) => 01/01/1970
- :d(DD-mm-YYYY) => 1 Jan 1970
- :d(DD-mmm-YYYY) => 1 January 1970
- :d(ddd-mmm-YYYY) => Thursday, 1 January 1970

Number

Key Options
:n Number of digits (e.g. :n(2) => 42.00)

Relative Time

Key Options
:r RelativeTimeUnit (e.g. ${-1}:r(weeks) => last week)

String

Key Options
:s
(default)
- :s => No transformation
- :s(U) => Uppercase
- :s(l) => lowercase

Time

Key Options
:t - :t(HH:mm) => 06:56
- :t(HH:mm aa) => 06:56 am
- :t(HH:mm:ss) => 06:56:07
- :t(HH:mm:ss aa) => 06:56:07 am
- :t(HH:mm:ss TZ) => 06:56:07 UTC
- :t(HH:mm:ss TZ+) => 06:56:07 Coordinated Universal Time

Custom formatters

Custom formatters can be registerd using fmt.register(tag, fn). This allows for user-created formatters that can then be used as the pre-existing formatters.

To avoid any potential conflicts or overrides, custom formatters need to have an uppercase tag, whereas pre-defined formatters always use a lowercase character.

const tag = "V";
const fn = function (locale) {
  return function (str, option) {
    // Yes, you can use other formatters in custom formatters!
    return fmt`${str} version ${option}:n(1)`;
  };
};

fmt.register(tag, fn);

const name = "Alice";

console.log(fmt`Welcome to ${name}:V(3)!`);
// "Welcome to Alice version 3.0!"

Note that registering multiple custom formatters with the same tag will override previously registered ones.

Acknowledgements

Thanks to Jack Hsu and his article on implementing an internationalization library using template literals (https://jaysoo.ca/2014/03/20/i18n-with-es2015-template-literals/) for the inspiration!

License

MIT

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Install

npm i fmt-tag

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Version

1.1.1

License

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