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    Stop mocking HTTP Requests. Just record and then play them back. See vcr/vcr for the main idea.


    After setting up (see below), the basics are:

    1. set the VCR_MODE=cache environment variable before running your tests
    2. run your tests

    This will record (and load) all the HTTP responses into the ./_fixtures/ directory.

    And when you run the steps again, viola! no network traffic happens.

    What are the different modes?

    • playback: (default) only uses the local fixture files
    • cache: tries to use the recorded response and if not found then it is fetched and then saved (useful when adding new tests)
    • record: forces HTTP requests and responses are saved to the filesystem (useful for regenerating all the fixtures)

    How can I set the VCR mode?

    You can set the mode either by:

    • setting the VCR_MODE=record environment variable when running tests (NodeJS)
    • explicitly running fetch.configure({mode: 'record'}) (NodeJS or browser)

    How do I set this up?

    There are separate examples for NodeJS, Jest, and in a browser (PhantomJS or Selenium)

    NodeJS Setup

    Here is how you would use it in a typical NodeJS app:

    // import fetch from 'fetch';
    import fetch from 'fetch-vcr';
    // Configure where the recordings should be loaded/saved to.
    // The path is relative to `process.cwd()` but can be absolute.
      fixturePath: './_fixtures',
      // mode: 'record'     <-- This is optional
    // Use fetch like you would normally
    .then(response => {

    How do I ignore calls?

    Here is how you would configure it to ignore certain request:

    // import fetch from 'fetch';
    import fetch from 'fetch-vcr';
    // Configure where the recordings should be loaded/saved to.
    // The path is relative to `process.cwd()` but can be absolute.
      fixturePath: './_fixtures',
      ignoreUrls: [/.+weedmaps\.com.+/] // <-- This is an array of Regular Expressions
      // mode: 'record'     <-- This is optional
    fetch('') // <-- This will be ignored from vcr
    .then(response => {

    How can I tell if the response was from the cache?

    You can check response.wasCached. It will be true if the response was loaded from the cache.

    import fetch from 'fetch-vcr';
    fetch('').then(response => {
      if (!response.wasCached) {
        sleep(1000) // wait before making another request

    Jest Setup

    Just add the following to package.json:

      "jest": {
        "moduleNameMapper": {
          "hack-node-fetch": "node-fetch",
          "node-fetch": "fetch-vcr"

    If you want to check which calls were made, you can use the following:

    // Returns an array of {url, args, hash, bodyFilename, response, optionsFilename}
    const allCalls = fetchVCR.getCalled()
    // Clears the array of calls made

    jsdom Setup

    Many apps use jsdom for testing which makes it really easy to add fetch-vcr. Just replace the global fetch function with fetchVCR and you can record/play back the cassettes. See below for an example:

    var fs = require('fs')
    var jsdom = require('jsdom')
    var fetchVCR = require('fetch-vcr')
    // Configure the path to find cassettes
      fixturePath: './_fixtures/'
    var dom = new jsdom.JSDOM(fs.readFileSync('./jsdom-example.html'), {
      runScripts: 'dangerously',
      beforeParse: (window) => {
        // This changes the fetch global to be fetchVCR
        window.fetch = fetchVCR

    How can I use this in a browser?

    It is easy to record HTTP requests in NodeJS and play them back in the browser.

    To play them back in a browser, just run fetchVCR.configure({fixturePath: './path/to/_fixtures'}) and fetchVCR will use that path to load the files via AJAX requests.

    To record HTTP requests in a browser you will need to do a little bit of work. Loading fixture files is relatively painless (using XMLHTTPRequest) but saving them to disk is non-trivial.

    In order to save the fixture files to disk you will need to override fetchVCR.saveFile(rootPath, filename, contents) => Promise.

    If you are using PhantomJS you will likely need to use the alert(msg) to get data out of PhantomJS and then save it to the filesystem (using fs.writeFile(...))


    npm i fetch-vcr

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