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fastify-swagger

2.6.0 • Public • Published

fastify-swagger

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Swagger documentation generator for Fastify. It uses the schemas you declare in your routes to generate a swagger compliant doc.

Supports Fastify versions >=2.0.0. Please refer to this branch and related versions for Fastify ^1.9.0 compatibility.

Install

npm i fastify-swagger --save

Usage

Add it to your project with register and pass it some basic options, then call the swagger api and you are done!

const fastify = require('fastify')()
 
fastify.register(require('fastify-swagger'), {
  routePrefix: '/documentation',
  swagger: {
    info: {
      title: 'Test swagger',
      description: 'testing the fastify swagger api',
      version: '0.1.0'
    },
    externalDocs: {
      url: 'https://swagger.io',
      description: 'Find more info here'
    },
    host: 'localhost',
    schemes: ['http'],
    consumes: ['application/json'],
    produces: ['application/json'],
    tags: [
      { name: 'user', description: 'User related end-points' },
      { name: 'code', description: 'Code related end-points' }
    ],
    definitions: {
      User: {
        $id: 'User',
        type: 'object',
        required: ['id', 'email'],
        properties: {
          id: { type: 'string', format: 'uuid' },
          firstName: { type: 'string', nullable: true },
          lastName: { type: 'string', nullable: true },
          email: {type: 'string', format: 'email' }
        }
      }
    },
    securityDefinitions: {
      apiKey: {
        type: 'apiKey',
        name: 'apiKey',
        in: 'header'
      }
    }
  },
  exposeRoute: true
})
 
fastify.put('/some-route/:id', {
  schema: {
    description: 'post some data',
    tags: ['user', 'code'],
    summary: 'qwerty',
    params: {
      type: 'object',
      properties: {
        id: {
          type: 'string',
          description: 'user id'
        }
      }
    },
    body: {
      type: 'object',
      properties: {
        hello: { type: 'string' },
        obj: {
          type: 'object',
          properties: {
            some: { type: 'string' }
          }
        }
      }
    },
    response: {
      201: {
        description: 'Successful response',
        type: 'object',
        properties: {
          hello: { type: 'string' }
        }
      }
    },
    security: [
      {
        "apiKey": []
      }
    ]
  }
}, (req, reply) => {})
 
fastify.ready(err => {
  if (err) throw err
  fastify.swagger()
})

API

register options

modes

fastify-swagger supports two registration modes dynamic and static:

dynamic

dynamic mode is the default one, if you use the plugin this way - swagger specification would be gathered from your routes definitions.

{
  swagger: {
    info: {
      title: String,
      description: String,
      version: String
    },
    externalDocs: Object,
    host: String,
    schemes: [ String ],
    consumes: [ String ],
    produces: [ String ],
    tags: [ Object ],
    securityDefinitions: Object
  }
}

All the above parameters are optional. You can use all the properties of the swagger specification, if you find anything missing, please open an issue or a pr!

Example of the fastify-swagger usage in the dynamic mode is available here.

static

static mode should be configured explicitly. In this mode fastify-swagger serves given specification, you should craft it yourselfe.

{
  mode: 'static',
  specification: {
    path: './examples/example-static-specification.yaml',
    postProcessor: function(swaggerObject) {
      return swaggerObject
    },
    baseDir: '/path/to/external/spec/files/location',
  },
}

Example of the fastify-swagger usage in the static mode is available here.

specification.postProcessor parameter is optional. It allows you to change your swagger object on the fly (for example - based on the environment). It accepts swaggerObject - basically a javascript object which was parsed from your yaml or json file and should return a swagger object.

specification.baseDir allows specifying the directory where all spec files that are included in the main one using $ref will be located. By default, this is the directory where the main spec file is located. Provided value should be an absolute path without trailing slash.

additional

If you pass { exposeRoute: true } during the registration the plugin will expose the documentation with the following apis:

url description
'/documentation/json' the json object representing the api
'/documentation/yaml' the yaml object representing the api
'/documentation/' the swagger ui
'/documentation/*' external files which you may use in $ref
Overwrite swagger url end-point

If you would like to overwrite the /documentation url you can use the routePrefix option.

fastify.register(require('fastify-swagger'), {
  swagger: {
    info: {
      title: 'Test swagger',
      description: 'testing the fastify swagger api',
      version: '0.1.0'
    },
    ...
  },
  exposeRoute: true,
  routePrefix: '/documentations'
}
Convert routes schema

If you would like to use different schemas like, let's say Joi, you can pass a synchronous transform method in the options to convert them back to standard JSON schemas expected by this plugin to generate the documentation (dynamic mode only).

const convert = require('joi-to-json-schema')
 
fastify.register(require('fastify-swagger'), {
  swagger: { ... },
  ...
  transform: schema => {
    const {
      params = undefined,
      body = undefined,
      querystring = undefined,
      response = undefined,
      ...others
    } = schema
    const transformed = { ...others }
    if (params) transformed.params = convert(params)
    if (body) transformed.body = convert(body)
    if (querystring) transformed.querystring = convert(querystring)
    if (response) transformed.response = convert(response)
    return transformed
  }
}

swagger options

Calling fastify.swagger will return to you a JSON object representing your api, if you pass { yaml: true } to fastify.swagger, it will return you a yaml string.

Open API (OA) Parameter Options

Note: OA's terminology differs from Fastify's. OA uses the term "parameter" to refer to those parts of a request that in Fastify's validation documentation are called "querystring", "params", "headers".

OA provides some options beyond those provided by the JSON schema specification for specifying the shape of parameters. A prime example of this the option for specifying how to encode those parameters that should be handled as arrays of values. There is no single universally accepted method for encoding such parameters appearing as part of query strings. OA2 provides a collectionFormat option which allows specifying how an array parameter should be encoded. (We're giving an example in the OA2 specification, as this is the default specification version used by this plugin. The same principles apply to OA3.) Specifying this option is easy. You just need to add it to the other options for the field you are defining. Like in this example:

fastify.route({
  method: 'GET',
  url: '/',
  schema: {
    querystring: {
      type: 'object',
      required: ['fields'],
      additionalProperties: false,
      properties: {
        fields: {
          type: 'array',
          items: {
            type: 'string'
          },
          minItems: 1,
          //
          // Note that this is an Open API version 2 configuration option.  The
          // options changed in version 3. The plugin currently only supports
          // version 2 of Open API.
          //
          // Put `collectionFormat` on the same property which you are defining
          // as an array of values. (i.e. `collectionFormat` should be a sibling
          // of the `type: "array"` specification.)
          collectionFormat: 'multi'
        }
      }
    }
  },
  handler (request, reply) {
    reply.send(request.query.fields)
  }
})

There is a complete runnable example here.

IMPORTANT CAVEAT These encoding options you can set in your schema have no bearing on how, for instance, a query string parser parses the query string. They change how Swagger UI presents its documentation, and how it generates curl commands when you click the Try it out button. Depending on which options you set in your schema, you may also need to change the default query string parser used by Fastify so that it produces a JavaScript object that will conform to the schema. As far as arrays are concerned, the default query string parser conforms to the collectionFormat: "multi" specification. If you were to select collectionFormat: "csv", you would have to replace the default query string parser with one that parses CSV parameter values into arrays. The same caveat applies to the other parts of a request that OA calls "parameters" (e.g. headers, path parameters) and which are not encoded as JSON in a request.

Hide a route

Sometimes you may need to hide a certain route from the documentation, just pass { hide: true } to the schema object inside the route declaration.

Security

Global security definitions and route level security provide documentation only. It does not implement authentication nor route security for you. Once your authentication is implemented, along with your defined security, users will be able to successfully authenticate and interact with your API using the user interfaces of the documentation.

Development

In order to start development run:

npm i
npm run prepare

So that swagger-ui static folder will be generated for you.

See also

Sometimes you already have a Swagger definition and you need to build Fastify routes from that. In that case checkout fastify-swaggergen which helps you in doing just that.

Acknowledgements

This project is kindly sponsored by:

License

Licensed under MIT.

Install

npm i fastify-swagger

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

31,470

Version

2.6.0

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

9.21 MB

Total Files

37

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