fast-glob
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    3.2.5 • Public • Published

    fast-glob

    It's a very fast and efficient glob library for Node.js.

    This package provides methods for traversing the file system and returning pathnames that matched a defined set of a specified pattern according to the rules used by the Unix Bash shell with some simplifications, meanwhile results are returned in arbitrary order. Quick, simple, effective.

    Table of Contents

    Details

    Highlights

    • Fast. Probably the fastest.
    • Supports multiple and negative patterns.
    • Synchronous, Promise and Stream API.
    • Object mode. Can return more than just strings.
    • Error-tolerant.

    Donation

    Do you like this project? Support it by donating, creating an issue or pull request.

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    Old and modern mode

    This package works in two modes, depending on the environment in which it is used.

    • Old mode. Node.js below 10.10 or when the stats option is enabled.
    • Modern mode. Node.js 10.10+ and the stats option is disabled.

    The modern mode is faster. Learn more about the internal mechanism.

    Pattern syntax

    ⚠️ Always use forward-slashes in glob expressions (patterns and ignore option). Use backslashes for escaping characters.

    There is more than one form of syntax: basic and advanced. Below is a brief overview of the supported features. Also pay attention to our FAQ.

    📖 This package uses a micromatch as a library for pattern matching.

    Basic syntax

    • An asterisk (*) — matches everything except slashes (path separators), hidden files (names starting with .).
    • A double star or globstar (**) — matches zero or more directories.
    • Question mark (?) – matches any single character except slashes (path separators).
    • Sequence ([seq]) — matches any character in sequence.

    📖 A few additional words about the basic matching behavior.

    Some examples:

    • src/**/*.js — matches all files in the src directory (any level of nesting) that have the .js extension.
    • src/*.?? — matches all files in the src directory (only first level of nesting) that have a two-character extension.
    • file-[01].js — matches files: file-0.js, file-1.js.

    Advanced syntax

    📖 A few additional words about the advanced matching behavior.

    Some examples:

    • src/**/*.{css,scss} — matches all files in the src directory (any level of nesting) that have the .css or .scss extension.
    • file-[[:digit:]].js — matches files: file-0.js, file-1.js, …, file-9.js.
    • file-{1..3}.js — matches files: file-1.js, file-2.js, file-3.js.
    • file-(1|2) — matches files: file-1.js, file-2.js.

    Installation

    npm install fast-glob

    API

    Asynchronous

    fg(patterns, [options])

    Returns a Promise with an array of matching entries.

    const fg = require('fast-glob');
    
    const entries = await fg(['.editorconfig', '**/index.js'], { dot: true });
    
    // ['.editorconfig', 'services/index.js']

    Synchronous

    fg.sync(patterns, [options])

    Returns an array of matching entries.

    const fg = require('fast-glob');
    
    const entries = fg.sync(['.editorconfig', '**/index.js'], { dot: true });
    
    // ['.editorconfig', 'services/index.js']

    Stream

    fg.stream(patterns, [options])

    Returns a ReadableStream when the data event will be emitted with matching entry.

    const fg = require('fast-glob');
    
    const stream = fg.stream(['.editorconfig', '**/index.js'], { dot: true });
    
    for await (const entry of stream) {
    	// .editorconfig
    	// services/index.js
    }

    patterns

    • Required: true
    • Type: string | string[]

    Any correct pattern(s).

    🔢 Pattern syntax

    ⚠️ This package does not respect the order of patterns. First, all the negative patterns are applied, and only then the positive patterns. If you want to get a certain order of records, use sorting or split calls.

    [options]

    See Options section.

    Helpers

    generateTasks(patterns, [options])

    Returns the internal representation of patterns (Task is a combining patterns by base directory).

    fg.generateTasks('*');
    
    [{
        base: '.', // Parent directory for all patterns inside this task
        dynamic: true, // Dynamic or static patterns are in this task
        patterns: ['*'],
        positive: ['*'],
        negative: []
    }]
    patterns
    • Required: true
    • Type: string | string[]

    Any correct pattern(s).

    [options]

    See Options section.

    isDynamicPattern(pattern, [options])

    Returns true if the passed pattern is a dynamic pattern.

    🔢 What is a static or dynamic pattern?

    fg.isDynamicPattern('*'); // true
    fg.isDynamicPattern('abc'); // false
    pattern
    • Required: true
    • Type: string

    Any correct pattern.

    [options]

    See Options section.

    escapePath(pattern)

    Returns a path with escaped special characters (*?|(){}[], ! at the beginning of line, @+! before the opening parenthesis).

    fg.escapePath('!abc'); // \\!abc
    fg.escapePath('C:/Program Files (x86)'); // C:/Program Files \\(x86\\)
    pattern
    • Required: true
    • Type: string

    Any string, for example, a path to a file.

    Options

    Common options

    concurrency

    • Type: number
    • Default: os.cpus().length

    Specifies the maximum number of concurrent requests from a reader to read directories.

    📖 The higher the number, the higher the performance and load on the file system. If you want to read in quiet mode, set the value to a comfortable number or 1.

    cwd

    • Type: string
    • Default: process.cwd()

    The current working directory in which to search.

    deep

    • Type: number
    • Default: Infinity

    Specifies the maximum depth of a read directory relative to the start directory.

    For example, you have the following tree:

    dir/
    └── one/            // 1
        └── two/        // 2
            └── file.js // 3
    // With base directory
    fg.sync('dir/**', { onlyFiles: false, deep: 1 }); // ['dir/one']
    fg.sync('dir/**', { onlyFiles: false, deep: 2 }); // ['dir/one', 'dir/one/two']
    
    // With cwd option
    fg.sync('**', { onlyFiles: false, cwd: 'dir', deep: 1 }); // ['one']
    fg.sync('**', { onlyFiles: false, cwd: 'dir', deep: 2 }); // ['one', 'one/two']

    📖 If you specify a pattern with some base directory, this directory will not participate in the calculation of the depth of the found directories. Think of it as a cwd option.

    followSymbolicLinks

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: true

    Indicates whether to traverse descendants of symbolic link directories.

    📖 If the stats option is specified, the information about the symbolic link (fs.lstat) will be replaced with information about the entry (fs.stat) behind it.

    fs

    • Type: FileSystemAdapter
    • Default: fs.*

    Custom implementation of methods for working with the file system.

    export interface FileSystemAdapter {
        lstat?: typeof fs.lstat;
        stat?: typeof fs.stat;
        lstatSync?: typeof fs.lstatSync;
        statSync?: typeof fs.statSync;
        readdir?: typeof fs.readdir;
        readdirSync?: typeof fs.readdirSync;
    }

    ignore

    • Type: string[]
    • Default: []

    An array of glob patterns to exclude matches. This is an alternative way to use negative patterns.

    dir/
    ├── package-lock.json
    └── package.json
    fg.sync(['*.json', '!package-lock.json']);            // ['package.json']
    fg.sync('*.json', { ignore: ['package-lock.json'] }); // ['package.json']

    suppressErrors

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: false

    By default this package suppress only ENOENT errors. Set to true to suppress any error.

    📖 Can be useful when the directory has entries with a special level of access.

    throwErrorOnBrokenSymbolicLink

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: false

    Throw an error when symbolic link is broken if true or safely return lstat call if false.

    📖 This option has no effect on errors when reading the symbolic link directory.

    Output control

    absolute

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: false

    Return the absolute path for entries.

    fg.sync('*.js', { absolute: false }); // ['index.js']
    fg.sync('*.js', { absolute: true });  // ['/home/user/index.js']

    📖 This option is required if you want to use negative patterns with absolute path, for example, !${__dirname}/*.js.

    markDirectories

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: false

    Mark the directory path with the final slash.

    fg.sync('*', { onlyFiles: false, markDirectories: false }); // ['index.js', 'controllers']
    fg.sync('*', { onlyFiles: false, markDirectories: true });  // ['index.js', 'controllers/']

    objectMode

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: false

    Returns objects (instead of strings) describing entries.

    fg.sync('*', { objectMode: false }); // ['src/index.js']
    fg.sync('*', { objectMode: true });  // [{ name: 'index.js', path: 'src/index.js', dirent: <fs.Dirent> }]

    The object has the following fields:

    • name (string) — the last part of the path (basename)
    • path (string) — full path relative to the pattern base directory
    • dirent (fs.Dirent) — instance of fs.Direct

    📖 An object is an internal representation of entry, so getting it does not affect performance.

    onlyDirectories

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: false

    Return only directories.

    fg.sync('*', { onlyDirectories: false }); // ['index.js', 'src']
    fg.sync('*', { onlyDirectories: true });  // ['src']

    📖 If true, the onlyFiles option is automatically false.

    onlyFiles

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: true

    Return only files.

    fg.sync('*', { onlyFiles: false }); // ['index.js', 'src']
    fg.sync('*', { onlyFiles: true });  // ['index.js']

    stats

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: false

    Enables an object mode with an additional field:

    • stats (fs.Stats) — instance of fs.Stats
    fg.sync('*', { stats: false }); // ['src/index.js']
    fg.sync('*', { stats: true });  // [{ name: 'index.js', path: 'src/index.js', dirent: <fs.Dirent>, stats: <fs.Stats> }]

    📖 Returns fs.stat instead of fs.lstat for symbolic links when the followSymbolicLinks option is specified.

    ⚠️ Unlike object mode this mode requires additional calls to the file system. On average, this mode is slower at least twice. See old and modern mode for more details.

    unique

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: true

    Ensures that the returned entries are unique.

    fg.sync(['*.json', 'package.json'], { unique: false }); // ['package.json', 'package.json']
    fg.sync(['*.json', 'package.json'], { unique: true });  // ['package.json']

    If true and similar entries are found, the result is the first found.

    Matching control

    braceExpansion

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: true

    Enables Bash-like brace expansion.

    🔢 Syntax description or more detailed description.

    dir/
    ├── abd
    ├── acd
    └── a{b,c}d
    fg.sync('a{b,c}d', { braceExpansion: false }); // ['a{b,c}d']
    fg.sync('a{b,c}d', { braceExpansion: true });  // ['abd', 'acd']

    caseSensitiveMatch

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: true

    Enables a case-sensitive mode for matching files.

    dir/
    ├── file.txt
    └── File.txt
    fg.sync('file.txt', { caseSensitiveMatch: false }); // ['file.txt', 'File.txt']
    fg.sync('file.txt', { caseSensitiveMatch: true });  // ['file.txt']

    dot

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: false

    Allow patterns to match entries that begin with a period (.).

    📖 Note that an explicit dot in a portion of the pattern will always match dot files.

    dir/
    ├── .editorconfig
    └── package.json
    fg.sync('*', { dot: false }); // ['package.json']
    fg.sync('*', { dot: true });  // ['.editorconfig', 'package.json']

    extglob

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: true

    Enables Bash-like extglob functionality.

    🔢 Syntax description.

    dir/
    ├── README.md
    └── package.json
    fg.sync('*.+(json|md)', { extglob: false }); // []
    fg.sync('*.+(json|md)', { extglob: true });  // ['README.md', 'package.json']

    globstar

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: true

    Enables recursively repeats a pattern containing **. If false, ** behaves exactly like *.

    dir/
    └── a
        └── b
    fg.sync('**', { onlyFiles: false, globstar: false }); // ['a']
    fg.sync('**', { onlyFiles: false, globstar: true });  // ['a', 'a/b']

    baseNameMatch

    • Type: boolean
    • Default: false

    If set to true, then patterns without slashes will be matched against the basename of the path if it contains slashes.

    dir/
    └── one/
        └── file.md
    fg.sync('*.md', { baseNameMatch: false }); // []
    fg.sync('*.md', { baseNameMatch: true });  // ['one/file.md']

    FAQ

    What is a static or dynamic pattern?

    All patterns can be divided into two types:

    • static. A pattern is considered static if it can be used to get an entry on the file system without using matching mechanisms. For example, the file.js pattern is a static pattern because we can just verify that it exists on the file system.
    • dynamic. A pattern is considered dynamic if it cannot be used directly to find occurrences without using a matching mechanisms. For example, the * pattern is a dynamic pattern because we cannot use this pattern directly.

    A pattern is considered dynamic if it contains the following characters ( — any characters or their absence) or options:

    • The caseSensitiveMatch option is disabled
    • \\ (the escape character)
    • *, ?, ! (at the beginning of line)
    • […]
    • (…|…)
    • @(…), !(…), *(…), ?(…), +(…) (respects the extglob option)
    • {…,…}, {…..…} (respects the braceExpansion option)

    How to write patterns on Windows?

    Always use forward-slashes in glob expressions (patterns and ignore option). Use backslashes for escaping characters. With the cwd option use a convenient format.

    Bad

    [
    	'directory\\*',
    	path.join(process.cwd(), '**')
    ]

    Good

    [
    	'directory/*',
    	path.join(process.cwd(), '**').replace(/\\/g, '/')
    ]

    📖 Use the normalize-path or the unixify package to convert Windows-style path to a Unix-style path.

    Read more about matching with backslashes.

    Why are parentheses match wrong?

    dir/
    └── (special-*file).txt
    fg.sync(['(special-*file).txt']) // []

    Refers to Bash. You need to escape special characters:

    fg.sync(['\\(special-*file\\).txt']) // ['(special-*file).txt']

    Read more about matching special characters as literals.

    How to exclude directory from reading?

    You can use a negative pattern like this: !**/node_modules or !**/node_modules/**. Also you can use ignore option. Just look at the example below.

    first/
    ├── file.md
    └── second/
        └── file.txt

    If you don't want to read the second directory, you must write the following pattern: !**/second or !**/second/**.

    fg.sync(['**/*.md', '!**/second']);                 // ['first/file.md']
    fg.sync(['**/*.md'], { ignore: ['**/second/**'] }); // ['first/file.md']

    ⚠️ When you write !**/second/**/* it means that the directory will be read, but all the entries will not be included in the results.

    You have to understand that if you write the pattern to exclude directories, then the directory will not be read under any circumstances.

    How to use UNC path?

    You cannot use Uniform Naming Convention (UNC) paths as patterns (due to syntax), but you can use them as cwd directory.

    fg.sync('*', { cwd: '\\\\?\\C:\\Python27' /* or //?/C:/Python27 */ });
    fg.sync('Python27/*', { cwd: '\\\\?\\C:\\' /* or //?/C:/ */ });

    Compatible with node-glob?

    node-glob fast-glob
    cwd cwd
    root
    dot dot
    nomount
    mark markDirectories
    nosort
    nounique unique
    nobrace braceExpansion
    noglobstar globstar
    noext extglob
    nocase caseSensitiveMatch
    matchBase baseNameMatch
    nodir onlyFiles
    ignore ignore
    follow followSymbolicLinks
    realpath
    absolute absolute

    Benchmarks

    Server

    Link: Vultr Bare Metal

    You can see results here for latest release.

    Nettop

    Link: Zotac bi323

    You can see results here for latest release.

    Changelog

    See the Releases section of our GitHub project for changelog for each release version.

    License

    This software is released under the terms of the MIT license.

    Install

    npm i [email protected]

    Version

    3.2.5

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    84.7 kB

    Total Files

    53

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • mrmlnc