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fast-async

6.3.7 • Public • Published

fast-async

'fast-async' is a Babel plugin that implements the ES7 keywords async and await using syntax transformation at compile-time, rather than generators.

For Babel v6.x.x install fast-async@6 For Babel v7.x.x install fast-async@7 NB: Babel 7 is in beta. The core nodent functionality is due to be included in Babel 7 release - see https://github.com/babel/babel/pull/7076

The main reason for using 'fast-async' as opposed to Babel's default implementation of async/await is performance (https://github.com/MatAtBread/nodent#performance) - it's 3-4 times faster in a browser/node, and as much as 10 times faster on a mobile browsers, mainly due to avoiding generators (and therefore regenerator).

There's a simple test (that just makes sure the plugin works and generates code that runs). More complete test coverage is included with nodent.

Because Babel parses the code, the ES7 extensions possible with nodent (await anywhere, async return and async throw) are not supported, however full implementation of async function containing await expressions is implemented.

For Babel v5.x.x install fast-async@1.0.3

v6.1.x fast-async@>=6.1.0 can use nodent v2 or v3 (and acorn v3 or v4). Nodent v3 has the option of generating code with Promises which needs no runtime at all, at the cost of size and speed. v6.1.x can also reference the runtime via an import (useRuntimeModule option), rather than include the source inline.

Install

npm install fast-async --save

Usage

Just include the plugin to the babel options. Minimal .babelrc example:

{
  "plugins": ["fast-async"]
}

N.B.: Starting in Babel v7, you'll need to prefix plugin names that do not begin with the babel-plugin- prefix with a module: directive:

{
  "plugins": ["module:fast-async"]
}

That's all. Neither babel-plugin-transform-runtime nor babel-polyfill required. Your application, once compiled, will probably needs nodent's runtime = see below.

With options:

{
  "plugins": [
    ["fast-async", {
      "env": {
       "log":false
      },
      "compiler": {
        "promises": true,
        "generators": false
      },
      "runtimePattern":null,
      "useRuntimeModule":false
    }]
  ]
}

The option spec sets the compiler up to produce the most spec-compatible output (at the expense of some performance) by using the wrapAwait, noRuntime and promises options. Since noRuntime is specified, no runtime options are required.

{
  "plugins": [
    ["fast-async", {
      "spec":true
    }]
  ]
}

Test

From the installation directory (e.g. node_modules/fast-async):

npm test

Options

The plugin accepts the following options object, which itself is optional, as are all members. These are based on the options in nodent, but since much of the parsing is done by Babel some are unused.

env:{
  log:function(string),        // Supplied routine to emit transformation warnings. Default: console.log
},
compiler:{
  promises:true    // Use nodent's "Promises" mode. Set to false if your runtime environment does not support Promises (default: true)
},
runtimePattern:null,     // See below
useRuntimeModule:false  // See below

NB: As of v6.3.x, the env options augmentObject,dontMapStackTraces and dontInstallRequireHook:false are no longer impemented or required. These modified the execution environment of the compiler (as opposed to the runtime environment of the code generated) and consequently had no purpose.

For more information on the compiler options, see ES7 and Promises in the nodent documentation.

6.1.x The dontMapStackTraces now defaults to true as having both nodent and babel map stack traces doesn't work well

runtimePattern

By default, fast-async will put the nodent runtime into every file containing an async function or await expression. If your project is made up of more than one file, the constant redefinition of the runtime is a waste of time and space. You can specify that you want the runtime in particular file(s) by setting the 'runtimePattern' to a regular expression (in quotes). Only files that match the regular expression will have the runtime defined (which is global, so you only need it once).

Note: At least one of the file(s) matching the "runtimePattern" must use either await or async as the runtime function (or require('nodent-runtime') if you set "useRuntimeModule":true) is only included for files that reference it.

For example:

"babel": {
  "plugins": [
    "syntax-async-functions",
    ["fast-async",{
       "runtimePattern":"test-input\\.js"
    }]
  ]
}

Alternatively, if you set runtimePattern to "directive", the statement "use runtime-nodent"; will be replaced with the runtime during compilation.

v6.1.x If you specify the option "useRuntimeModule":true, the runtime is not included directly as source, but via an import of nodent-runtime, which is typically resolved to require() by babel. The nodent-runtime module must be added as a dependency in your target project. The runtime need only be included once in your entire project, and should precede any code that uses async or await.

Promises polyfill

The purpose of fast-async is to transform the async and await into code which can be run in environments that don't support these keywords. With promises: false option, the transformed code will not reference the Promise global object for its internal logic, however if you use Promise in your code, it will be left as is. Therefore, you still need to install a polyfill if you want to use this plugin to transpile code for environments without the Promise support.

For example, with Webpack, you can do it by using webpack.ProvidePlugin:

// npm install zousan
 
const config = {
  // ...
  plugins: {
    new webpack.ProvidePlugin({
      Promise: 'zousan',
    }),
  },
}

Useful Links

Online performance checkers:

  • [nodent](http://nodent.mailed.me.uk/#function%20pause()%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20return%20new%20Promise(function%20(%24return%2C%20%24error)%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20setTimeout(function%20()%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20return%20%24return(0)%3B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%7D%2C%200)%3B%0A%20%20%20%20%7D)%3B%0A%7D%0A%0Aasync%20function%20doNothing()%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20return%3B%0A%7D%0A%0Aasync%20function%20test()%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20var%20t%20%3D%20Date.now()%3B%0A%20%20%20%20for%20(var%20j%20%3D%200%3B%20j%20%3C%2050%3B%20j%2B%2B)%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20for%20(var%20i%20%3D%200%3B%20i%20%3C%202000%3B%20i%2B%2B)%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20await%20doNothing()%3B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%7D%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20await%20pause()%3B%0A%20%20%20%20%7D%0A%20%20%20%20return%20Date.now()%20-%20t%3B%0A%7D%0A%0Atest().then(alert)%3B%0A~options~%7B%22mode%22%3A%22promises%22%2C%22promiseType%22%3A%22Zousan%22%2C%22noRuntime%22%3Atrue%2C%22es6target%22%3Afalse%2C%22wrapAwait%22%3Afalse%2C%22spec%22%3Afalse%7D) 248ms
  • babel 440ms - 1.8x slower
  • [traceur](https://google.github.io/traceur-compiler/demo/repl.html#%2F%2F%20Options%3A%20--annotations%20--array-comprehension%20--async-functions%20--async-generators%20--exponentiation%20--export-from-extended%20--for-on%20--generator-comprehension%20--member-variables%20--proper-tail-calls%20--require%20--symbols%20--types%20%0Afunction%20pause()%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20return%20new%20Promise(function%20(%24return%2C%20%24error)%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20setTimeout(function%20()%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20return%20%24return(0)%3B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%7D%2C%200)%3B%0A%20%20%20%20%7D)%3B%0A%7D%0A%0Aasync%20function%20doNothing()%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20return%3B%0A%7D%0A%0Aasync%20function%20test()%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20var%20t%20%3D%20Date.now()%3B%0A%20%20%20%20for%20(var%20j%20%3D%200%3B%20j%20%3C%2050%3B%20j%2B%2B)%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20for%20(var%20i%20%3D%200%3B%20i%20%3C%202000%3B%20i%2B%2B)%20%7B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20await%20doNothing()%3B%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%7D%0A%20%20%20%20%20%20%20%20await%20pause()%3B%0A%20%20%20%20%7D%0A%20%20%20%20return%20Date.now()%20-%20t%3B%0A%7D%0A%0Atest().then(alert)%3B%0A) 1388ms - 5.6x slower

install

npm i fast-async

Downloadsweekly downloads

20,540

version

6.3.7

license

BSD-2-Clause

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

collaborators

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