external-svg-loader

1.6.10 • Public • Published

SVG Loader

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SVGs from an external source can be rendered with <img> tags, but this has multiple drawbacks: you can't customize the fill or stroke colors, use CSS variables, or use focus/hover states.

SVG Loader is a simple JS library that fetches SVGs using XHR and injects the SVG code in the tag's place. This lets you use externally stored SVGs (e.g, on CDN) just like inline SVGs.

It's super-tiny, works with all frameworks, requires no additional code except the initial script load, and has minimal to no impact on performance.

Demo →

How to Use?

SVG Loader is designed to be plug and play. Hence, all you need to is to include the loader JS anywhere in your code, and then start using the code like this:

Download and Include

<!-- 
    Include this script anywhere in your code, preferably <HEAD> so
    icons can be fetched faster.
-->
<script type="text/javascript" src="svg-loader.min.js" async></script>

<!-- Use an external SVG -->
<svg
  data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/star.svg"
  width="50"
  height="50"
  fill="red"></svg>
<svg
  data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/heart.svg"
  width="50"
  height="50"
  fill="red"></svg>

<svg
  data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/cog.svg"
  width="50"
  height="50"
  fill="currentColor"
  style="color: purple;"></svg>

See Here →

Note: Because SVG Loader fetches file using XHRs, it's limited by CORS policies of the browser. So you need to ensure that correct Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers are sent with the file being served or that the files are hosted on your own domain.

Or, use from the npm package

The library is framework/platform agnostic. You should be able to use it in React, Vue.js and others as long as you're using the correct attributes.

npm install external-svg-loader

Then, in your app, require/import external-svg-loader anywhere. Here's an example:

import React from "react";
import ReactDOM from "react-dom";

import "external-svg-loader";

class App extends React.Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <svg
        data-src="https://s2.svgbox.net/materialui.svg?ic=mail"
        fill="currentColor"
        width="50px"
        height="50px"
        style={{
          color: "red"
        }}
      />
    );
  }
}

ReactDOM.render(<App />, document.getElementById("container"));

See Here →

Or, use a CDN

SVG loader can also be included via unpkg CDN. Example:

<script
    type="text/javascript"
    src="https://unpkg.com/external-svg-loader@latest/svg-loader.min.js"
    async></script>

Configuration

1. Disable/Modify Caching

By default, the XHR response is cached for 30 days, so that any subsequent loads are instantenous. You can disable this behavior by passing data-cache="disabled".

You can destroy the currently stored cache by calling:

SVGLoader.destroyCache();

You can also modify the caching period by passing number of seconds. Example:

Cache for a week

<svg
  data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/heart.svg"
  data-cache="604800"
  width="50"
  height="50"></svg>

Cache for a six hours

<svg
  data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/heart.svg"
  data-cache="21600"
  width="50"
  height="50"></svg>

Disable Caching

<svg
  data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/heart.svg"
  data-cache="disabled"
  width="50"
  height="50"></svg>

2. Enable Javascript

SVG format supports scripting. However, for security reasons, svg-loader will strip all JS code before injecting the SVG file. You can enable it by:

<svg
  data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/heart.svg"
  data-js="enabled"
  onclick="alert('clicked')"
  width="50"
  height="50"
  fill="red"></svg>

3. Disable Unique IDs, Styling

To prevent conflicts between conflicting identifiers of different SVGs, svg-loader scopes the identifiers and styling rules by adding prefixes.

You can disable this behavior by:

Disable Unique IDs

<svg
  data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/heart.svg"
  data-unique-ids="disabled"
  width="50"
  height="50"
  fill="red"></svg>

Disable CSS Scoping

<svg
  data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/heart.svg"
  data-css-scoping="disabled"
  width="50"
  height="50"
  fill="red"></svg>

Lazy Loading

You can also lazy load icons by using data-loading=lazy. This will make icon not load until it's about to enter the viewport. For lazy loading, external-svg-loader uses Intersection Observer API.

<svg
  data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/heart.svg"
  data-loading="lazy"
  width="50"
  height="50"></svg>

Event

When the SVG has been loaded an event iconload is triggered. This can be used to get the references to the loaded SVG element and do some further processing. You can also use the oniconload inline function.

Using oniconload inline function

<svg
  data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/cog.svg"
  oniconload="console.log('Icon loaded', this)"></svg>

Using addEventListener

<svg data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/cog.svg"></svg>

<script>
  window.addEventListener('iconload', (e) => {
      if (e.target.id === 'iconload') {
        console.log('Icon loaded', e.target);
      }
  });
</script>

Using Events in React

React doesn't support custom events out of the box. To circumvent this limitation, you can refs.

class MyApp extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props);
    this.ref = React.createRef()
  }
  render() {
    return (<svg data-src="https://unpkg.com/@mdi/svg@5.9.55/svg/cog.svg" ref={this.ref}></svg>);
  }
  componentDidMount() {
    this.ref.current.addEventListener('iconload', () => {
      console.log("Icon Loaded", this.ref.current)
    })
  }
}

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1.6.10

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