extend-to-be-announced
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2.0.0 • Public • Published

extend-to-be-announced

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Motivation | Installation | Usage | Support

Utility for asserting ARIA live regions.

extend-to-be-announced is a matcher extender for Jest and Vitest. It makes validating ARIA live regions extremely easy. Internally it is utilizing aria-live-capture for announcement detection.

For Storybook integration see storybook-addon-aria-live.

Motivation

Read more about inspiration from Building testing tools for ARIA live regions.

Validating ARIA live regions with @testing-library and jest-dom requires developers to consider implementation details. Current solutions are prone to false positives.

In test below it is not clearly visible that Loading... is not actually announced. Assistive technologies are only expected to announce updates of ARIA live regions - not the initial content.

render(<div role="status">Loading...</div>);

const liveRegion = screen.getByRole('status');

// Loading is not be announced by assistive technologies ❌
// Content of live region has not updated. This is it's initial text content.
expect(liveRegion).toHaveTextContent('Loading...');

Instead developers should check that messages are rendered into existing ARIA Live regions.

const { rerender } = render(<div role="status"></div>);

// Live region should be present
const liveRegion = screen.getByRole('status');

// Live region should initially be empty
expect(liveRegion).toBeEmptyDOMElement();

// Update content of the live region
rerender(<div role="status">Loading...</div>);

// Loading is announced by assistive technologies ✅
expect(liveRegion).toHaveTextContent('Loading...');

toBeAnnounced can be used to hide such implementation detail from tests.

const { rerender } = render(<div role="status"></div>);

rerender(<div role="status">Loading...</div>);

expect('Loading...').toBeAnnounced('polite');

Installation

extend-to-be-announced should be included in development dependencies.

npm install --save-dev extend-to-be-announced

Usage

Test setup

There are out-of-the-box setups for Vitest and Jest.

Vitest

Import registration entrypoint in your test setup.

import 'extend-to-be-announced/vitest';

For setting up registration options use register(options) method instead.

import { register } from 'extend-to-be-announced/vitest/register';

register({
    /** Indicates whether live regions inside `ShadowRoot`s should be tracked. Defaults to false. */
    includeShadowDom: true,
});

Jest

Import registration entrypoint in your test setup.

import 'extend-to-be-announced/jest';

For setting up registration options use register(options) method instead.

import { register } from 'extend-to-be-announced/jest/register';

register({
    /** Indicates whether live regions inside `ShadowRoot`s should be tracked. Defaults to false. */
    includeShadowDom: true,
});

Note that you'll need to add ESM dependencies of this package to your Jest config's transformIgnorePatterns. For example with pnpm:

transformIgnorePatterns: ['/node_modules/.pnpm/(?!(aria-live-capture)@)'],

Typescript

This package utilizes Typescript's exports support for type declarations. You'll need to set "moduleResolution": "node16" or "moduleResolution": "nodenext" in your tsconfig.json in order to have typings picked properly. For legacy setups where certain fields of tsconfig.json cannot be modified, such as create-react-app, there is a work-around entrypoint for jest.

{
    "compilerOptions": {
        "moduleResolution": "node16" // Or nodenext
    }
}

Assertions

toBeAnnounced

Assert whether given message was announced by assistive technologies. Accepts string or regexp as matcher value.

expect('Loading...').toBeAnnounced();
expect(/loading/i).toBeAnnounced();
expect('Error occured...').toBeAnnounced();
expect(/error occured/i).toBeAnnounced();

Politeness setting of announcement can be optionally asserted.

expect('Loading...').toBeAnnounced('polite');
expect('Error occured...').toBeAnnounced('assertive');
Examples
Render#1 | <div role="status"></div>
Render#2 | <div role="status">Loading</div>
PASS ✅  | expect('Loading').toBeAnnounced('polite');
Render#1 | <div role="alert">Error</div>
PASS ✅  | expect('Error').toBeAnnounced('assertive');
Render#1 | <div></div>
Render#2 | <div role="alert">Error</div>
PASS ✅  | expect('Error').toBeAnnounced();
Render#1 | <div role="status">Loading</div>
FAIL ❌  | expect('Loading').toBeAnnounced();
Render#1 | <div></div>
Render#2 | <div role="status">Loading</div>
FAIL ❌  | expect('Loading').toBeAnnounced();

With register({ includeShadowDom: true }):

Render#1 | <div role="status">
         |     #shadow-root
         |     <div></div>
         | </div>
         |
Render#2 | <div role="status">
         |     #shadow-root
         |     <div>Loading</div>
         | </div>
         |
PASS ✅  | expect('Loading').toBeAnnounced()

Utilities

getAnnouncements

Get all announcements as Map<string, PolitenessSetting>.

import { getAnnouncements } from 'extend-to-be-announced';
getAnnouncements();

> Map {
>   "Status message" => "polite",
>   "Alert message" => "assertive",
> }

clearAnnouncements

Clear all captured announcements.

import { clearAnnouncements } from 'extend-to-be-announced';
clearAnnouncements();

Support

Feature Status
role
aria-live
aria-atomic ❌ 👷
aria-busy
aria-relevant

Readme

Keywords

none

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Install

npm i extend-to-be-announced

Weekly Downloads

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Version

2.0.0

License

MIT

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  • ariperkkio