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    0.3.0 • Public • Published

    Express4 Tedious Middleware

    Express4 middleware that enables you to create REST API using SQL Server and Tedious.


    Initializing data access components
    Create REST API


    To install Tedious Express4 package, run the following command:

    npm install express4-tedious --save 

    Initialize Middleware

    In order to initialize data access middleware, you need to add sql method to your request when you initialize express app and routes:

    var express = require('express');
    var tediousExpress = require('express4-tedious');
    var app = express();
    app.use(function (req, res, next) {
        req.sql = tediousExpress(req, {connection object});

    This call should be used before any other route definition. Connection object should look like:

        "server"  : "<<server name or ip>>",
        "userName": "<<user name>>",
        "password": "<<password>>",
        "options": { "encrypt": true, "database": "<<database name>>" }

    Use "encrypt": true if database is hosted in Azure SQL.

    Create REST API

    Once you setup the middleware, you can easily create REST API using T-SQL queries:

    /* GET product listing. */
    router.get('/', function (req, res) {
        req.sql("select * from Product for json path")

    In the sql method you can specify T-SQL query that should be executed. Method into will stream results of the query into response object. [] will be sent to the client if results are not returned by query. You can provide second patamater that represents a custom string that should be returned if there is no response from database.

    You can also create REST API that uses parameters:

    /* GET product by id. */
    router.get('/:id', function (req, res) {
        req.sql("select * from Product where id = @id for json path, without_array_wrapper")
            .param('id',, TYPES.Int)
            .into(res, '{}');

    You can create REST APIs that are invoked using POST, PUT, and DELETE methods, and execute SQL query using exec method (without results returned to the client):

    /* PUT update product. */
    router.put('/:id', function (req, res) {
        req.sql("exec updateProduct @id, @product")
            .param('id',, TYPES.Int)
            .param('product', req.body, TYPES.NVarChar)

    Note: you need to provide res object to the exec method, because this method will return status code to the client.

    Handling errors

    This middleware returns error 500 if any error happens with descirption of the error as plain text.

    You can customize the function that handles the error and provide your own error handler:

    /* PUT update product. */
    router.put('/:id', function (req, res) {
        req.sql("exec updateProduct @id, @product")
            fail(function(ex, res) { 
                res.statusCode = 500;   
            } )
            .param('id',, TYPES.Int)
            .param('product', req.body, TYPES.NVarChar)

    Error handler is a function that gets exception and response output as parameters.


    npm i express4-tedious

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