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    3.1.1 • Public • Published


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    A turn key library that uses ldap-authentication with Passport and local database (MongoDB) to authenticate and save users

    When an application needs to authenticate a user against an LDAP server, it normally also needs to save the user into local MongoDB for further references. express-passport-ldap-mongoose is designed to handle this requirement with a simple wrapper layer on top of expressjs, passportjs, ldap-authentication, and MongoDB.


    • node Express
    • Mongoose (optional)
    • Passport
    • ldap-authentication
    • The login submit field names should be username for username, and password for password


    Using npm: npm install --save express-passport-ldap-mongoose

    or using yarn: yarn add express-passport-ldap-mongoose


    express-passport-ldap-mongoose configures passportjs and adds the login and logout route to your express app or router. All you need to do is call the initialize function of the library and everything else is taken care of.

    const LdapAuth = require('express-passport-ldap-mongoose')
    LdapAuth.initialize(options, app, findUserFunc, upsertUserFunc, loginPath, logoutPath)

    Since version 3.1.0, you can still use init() but it is deprecated. Use initialize() instead which is simpler.

    MongoDB model

    When search for a user by its username in LDAP, a usernameAttribute is needed. The User model in local MongoDB must have the same key as the value of usernameAttribute that maps to the LDAP attribute. In some cases, and in the example we are using uid. it is used to uniquely identify a user and equals to the user's login username.


    • options: If the first parameter is an object, it is the options object to pass to ldap-authentication's authenticate() function. If is a string (deprecated), is the ldap search base (for backward compatible) If options is an object, literal {{username}} in the userDn will be replaced with the value in req.body.username which will be the user input username. See ldap-authentication for detail explanation on each options.

      String Example (deprecated):,dc=com

      Options object Example:

      let options = {
           ldapOpts: {
             url: 'ldap://localhost'
           // note in this example it only use the user to directly
           // bind to the LDAP server. You can also use an admin
           // here. See the document of ldap-authentication.
           userDn: `uid=${req.body.username},${ldapBaseDn}`,
           userPassword: req.body.password,
           userSearchBase: ldapBaseDn,
           usernameAttribute: 'uid',
           username: req.body.username
    • app: Express app or router

    • findUserFunc: function(id). A function takes a string id and return a promise that resolves to a user or null. This function is called everytime passport do deserialization. It is normally a FindOne or FindById call against local mongo database. Example: (id) => {return User.findOne({ uid: id }).exec()}. However, it does not have to be any database related. It is just a functin that can return a user from a user id.

    • upsertUserFunc: function(user). A function take a user object (obtained from ldap server and saved in express req) and upsert into local database; returns a promise that resolves to a local db user object. Again, it does not have to be any database related. It is essentially a function that update some internal record of a user. Example: (user) => {return User.findOneAndUpdate({ uid: user.uid }, user, { upsert: true, new: true }).exec()}

    • loginPath: (optional, default /login) The login path for express to parse the login posted json data. The posted data must be in json format, and with username and password as the key names. An, loginHandler) will be automatically added and handled by the library.

    • logoutPath: (optional, default /logout) The logout path for express to parse the logout request. An app.get(logoutPath, logoutHandler) will be automatically added and handled by the library.


    Complete example is in the example folder.

    Another example on how to use Passport and ldap-authentication can be found in passport-ldap-example.

    const mongoose = require('mongoose')
    mongoose.Promise = Promise
    const session = require('express-session')
    const MongoStore = require('connect-mongo')(session)
    const express = require('express')
    const app = express()
    const User = require('./model').User
    const LdapAuth = require('express-passport-ldap-mongoose')
    var sessionMiddleWare = session({
      secret: 'top session secret',
      store: new MongoStore({ mongooseConnection: mongoose.connection }),
      resave: true,
      saveUninitialized: true,
      unset: 'destroy',
      cookie: {
        httpOnly: false,
        maxAge: 1000 * 3600 * 24,
        secure: false, // this need to be false if https is not used. Otherwise, cookie will not be sent.
    // The order of the following middleware is very important!!
    // use the library express-passport-ldap-mongoose
    let usernameAttributeName = 'uid'
        ldapOpts: {
          url: 'ldap://localhost'
        // note in this example it only use the user to directly
        // bind to the LDAP server. You can also use an admin
        // here. See the document of ldap-authentication.
        userDn: `uid={{username}},${ldapBaseDn}`,
        userSearchBase: ldapBaseDn,
        usernameAttribute: usernameAttributeName
      async (id) => {
        let user = await User.findOne({ usernameAttributeName: id }).exec()
        return user
      async (user) => {
        let foundUser = await User.findOneAndUpdate({ username: user[usernameAttributeName] }, user, { upsert: true, new: true }).exec()
        return foundUser
    // serve static pages (where login.html resides)
    // Start server
    app.listen(4000, '')




    npm i express-passport-ldap-mongoose

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