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express-jwt-permissions

1.2.3 • Public • Published

Express JWT Permissions

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js-standard-style

Middleware that checks JWT tokens for permissions, recommended to be used in conjunction with express-jwt.

Install

npm install express-jwt-permissions --save

Usage

This middleware assumes you already have a JWT authentication middleware such as express-jwt.

The middleware will check a decoded JWT token to see if a token has permissions to make a certain request.

Permissions should be described as an array of strings inside the JWT token, or as a space-delimited OAuth 2.0 Access Token Scope string.

"permissions"[
  "status",
  "user:read",
  "user:write"
]
"scope""status user:read user:write"

If your JWT structure looks different you should map or reduce the results to produce a simple Array or String of permissions.

Using permission Array

To verify a permission for all routes using an array:

var guard = require('express-jwt-permissions')()
 
app.use(guard.check('admin'))

If you require different permissions per route, you can set the middleware per route.

var guard = require('express-jwt-permissions')()
 
app.get('/status', guard.check('status'), function(req, res) { ... })
app.get('/user', guard.check(['user:read']), function(req, res) { ... })

Logical combinations of required permissions can be made using nested arrays.

Single string

// Required: "admin"
app.use(guard.check(
  'admin'
))

Array of strings

// Required: "read" AND "write"
app.use(guard.check(
  ['read', 'write']
))

Array of arrays of strings

// Required: "read" OR "write"
app.use(guard.check([
  ['read'],
  ['write']
]))
 
// Required: "admin" OR ("read" AND "write")
app.use(guard.check([
  ['admin'],
  ['read', 'write']
]))

Configuration

To set where the module can find the user property (default req.user) you can set the requestProperty option.

To set where the module can find the permissions property inside the requestProperty object (default permissions), set the permissionsProperty option.

Example:

Consider you've set your permissions as scope on req.identity, your JWT structure looks like:

"scope""user:read user:write"

You can pass the configuration into the module:

var guard = require('express-jwt-permissions')({
  requestProperty: 'identity',
  permissionsProperty: 'scope'
})
 
app.use(guard.check('user:read'))

Error handling

The default behavior is to throw an error when the token is invalid, so you can add your custom logic to manage unauthorized access as follows:

app.use(guard.check('admin'))
 
app.use(function (err, req, res, next) {
  if (err.code === 'permission_denied') {
    res.status(403).send('Forbidden');
  }
});

Note that your error handling middleware should be defined after the jwt-permissions middleware.

Excluding paths

This library has integration with express-unless to allow excluding paths, please refer to their usage.

const checkForPermissions = guard
  .check(['admin'])
  .unless({ path: '/not-secret' })
 
app.use(checkForPermissions)

Tests

$ npm install
$ npm test

License

This project is licensed under the MIT license. See the LICENSE file for more info.

install

npm i express-jwt-permissions

Downloadsweekly downloads

3,281

version

1.2.3

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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