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    esast (and estree) utility to visit nodes.

    Similar to unist-util-visit. Basically the tiniest you can go (while being usable). Also has nice stack traces if something crashes.


    This package is ESM only: Node 12+ is needed to use it and it must be imported instead of required.


    npm install estree-util-visit


    import {parse} from 'acorn'
    import {visit} from 'estree-util-visit'
    var tree = parse(
      'export function x() { console.log(1 + "2"); process.exit(3) }',
      {sourceType: 'module'}
    visit(tree, function (node) {
      if (node.type === 'Literal') console.log(node.value)
    // Both enter and leave:
    // walk(tree, {
    //   enter(node, field, index, parents) {},
    //   leave(node, field, index, parents) {}
    // })




    This package exports the following identifiers: visit, EXIT, CONTINUE, and SKIP. There is no default export.

    visit(tree, visitor|visitors)

    Visit nodes (inclusive descendants of tree), with ancestral information.

    This algorithm performs depth-first tree traversal in preorder (NLR) and/or postorder (LRN).

    Compared to other estree walkers, this does not need a dictionary of which fields are nodes, because it ducktypes instead.

    Walking the tree is an intensive task. Make use of the return values of the visitor(s) when possible. Instead of walking a tree multiple times, walk it once, use unist-util-is to check if a node matches, and then perform different operations.

    • tree (Node) — Tree to traverse
    • visitor (Function) — Same as passing {enter: visitor}
    • visitors ({enter: visitor, exit: visitor}) — Two functions, respectively called when entering a node (preorder) or before leaving a node (postorder)

    next? = visitor(node, key, index, ancestors)

    Called when a node is found.

    Visitors are free to transform node. They can also transform the parent of node (the last of ancestors). Replacing node itself, if SKIP is not returned, still causes its descendants to be walked. If adding or removing previous siblings of node, visitor should return a new index (number) to specify the sibling to traverse after node is traversed. Adding or removing next siblings of node is handled as expected without needing to return a new index.

    • node (Node) — Found node
    • key (string?) — Field at which node lives in its parent
    • index (number?) — Index at which node lives if parent[key] is an array
    • ancestors (Array.<Node>) — Ancestors of node

    The return value can have the following forms:

    • index (number) — Treated as a tuple of [CONTINUE, index]
    • action (symbol) — Treated as a tuple of [action]
    • tuple (Array.<symbol|number>) — List with one or two values, the first an action, the second and index. Note that passing a tuple only makes sense if the action is SKIP. If the action is EXIT, that action can be returned. If the action is CONTINUE, index can be returned.

    An action can have the following values:

    • EXIT (symbol) — Stop traversing immediately
    • CONTINUE (symbol) — Continue traversing as normal (same behaviour as not returning an action)
    • SKIP (symbol) — Do not traverse this node’s children. Has no effect in leave



    See in syntax-tree/.github for ways to get started. See for ways to get help.

    This project has a code of conduct. By interacting with this repository, organization, or community you agree to abide by its terms.


    MIT © Titus Wormer


    npm i estree-util-visit

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