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esta

4.2.0 • Public • Published

esta

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The Simplest ElasticSearch Node.js Module

Why?

Q: There is already an "official" ElasticSearch module, why create a new one...?
A: Have you tried using the official client...? Did you enjoy the experience?

We needed an easy way to create, read, update and search our ElasticSearch records from node.js. All the available modules were way too complicated to use for beginners. So we decided to invest the time to create something much simpler!

Creating a record in ElasticSearch from your node.js app using esta is this simple:

var es = require('esta'); // the simplest way to use ElasticSearch in node.js!
es.create({'message':'ElasticSearch is awesome!'}, function(response){
  console.log('record created '+ response.created); // record created true
})

As you are about to discover, there is a much easier way to use ElasticSearch!

Guide to esta Documentation

Usage:

Philosophy / Background / Detail:

## Usage

Installation

### Install from [NPM](https://www.npmjs.com/package/esta)
npm install esta --save
#### CONNECT to ElasticSearch Cluster using `ES.CONNECT(calback(response))`

If you need to check the connection status to the ElasticSearch Instance/Cluster we expose the handy ES.CONNECT method:

var ES = require('esta');
 
ES.CONNECT(index, function (response) {
  console.log(response);
  // for more detailed stats see: STATS method below
});

Pass in the index name as the first argument if you have not set an ES_INDEX environment variable.

example ES.CONNECT response:

{ status: 200,
  name: 'Ultragirl',
  cluster_name: 'elasticsearch',
  version:
   { number: '1.4.2',
     build_hash: '927caff6f05403e936c20bf4529f144f0c89fd8c',
     build_timestamp: '2014-12-16T14:11:12Z',
     build_snapshot: false,
     lucene_version: '4.10.2' },
  tagline: 'You Know, for Search' }

###[CRUD](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Create,_read,_update_and_delete) Methods #### CREATE (Save) a (new) record using `ES.CREATE(record, callback(response))`

Creating a new record is easy:

// define the record you want to store:
var record = {
  date: new Date().toISOString(),
  message: 'Your amazing message goes here'
};
ES.CREATE(record, function(response) {
 // do what ever you like with the response
});

A typical successful ES.CREATE response:

{ _index: 'index',
  _type: 'type',
  _id: '112669114721',
  _version: 1,
  created: true }
Optional Fields for a New Record:

While its optional to set these on your record before asking esta to create it, we highly recommend using index, type and id to organise your records.


#### READ a record using `ES.READ(record, callback(response))`

READing your record:

// define the record you want to retrieve:
var record = {
  index: 'twitter',
  type: 'tweet',
  id: 1234, // or what ever GUID you want to lookup
};
ES.READ(record, function(response) {
 // do what ever you like with the response
});

A typical successful ES.READ response:

{ _index: 'twitter',
  _type: 'tweet',
  _id: '735981868114',
  _version: 1,
  found: true,
  _source: { message: 'My Awesome Message' }
}

Here _source is the original data you inserted as the record.

Record NOT Found

When a record does not exist response.found is false. e.g:

{ _index: 'twitter',
  _type: 'tweet',
  _id: '804164689732',
  found: false }
Required Fields for a READing a Record
  • index we need to know which "database" our record is in
  • type "table"
  • id the unique key for the record you are looking up.

#### UPDATE an (existing) record using `ES.UPDATE(record, callback(response))`

UPDATE an existing record:

// define the record you want to store:
var record = {
  index: 'twitter',
  type: 'tweet',
  id: 1234, // or what ever GUID you want
  message: 'Revised message'
};
ES.UPDATE(record, function(response) {
 // do what ever you like with the response
});

A typical successful ES.UPDATE response:

{ _index: 'twitter',
  _type: 'tweet',
  _id: '639403095701',
  _version: 2,
  created: false }

Notice how the _version gets incremented to 2

Required Fields for a Updating an Existing Record:
  • index we need to know which "database" our record is in
  • type "table"
  • id the unique key for the record you are updating.

Note: UPDATE actually performs an UPSERT
UPdate record if already exists or inSERT (create) if its new.


#### DELETE a record using `ES.DELETE(record, callback(response))`
// define the record you want to store:
var record = {
  type: 'tweet',
  index: 'twitter',
  id: 1234, // or what ever GUID you want
  message: 'Revised message'
};
ES.DELETE(record, function(response) {
 // do what ever you like with the response
});

A typical successful ES.DELETE response:

{ found: true,
  _index: 'twitter',
  _type: 'tweet',
  _id: '137167415115',
  _version: 2,
  deleted: true }

Notice how the deleted is true

Required Fields for a Deleting an Existing Record:
  • index we need to know which "database" our record is in
  • type "table"
  • id the unique key for the record you are updating.

Obviously if the record is NOT Found, there is nothing to delete. In that case, the response look like this: (found is false)

{ found: false,
  _index: 'twitter',
  _type: 'tweet',
  _id: '951078315032',
  _version: 1 }
Versioning Records

ElasticSearch does not store revisions of your documents by default, we made a "BACKUP" method which stores previous versions of records, when ever they are updated or deleted.

The old versions are stored as different type to avoid polluting the main "table" with copies this type is named: {typename}_bak

For example, if a document has an id abc and its current version is 2 we can find the previous version (v1) of the document by issuing the following read query:

var backup = { index: 'twitter', type: 'tweets_bak', id: 'abc_1'}

### SEARCH for Record(s) using `ES.SEARCH(query, callback(response))`

Searching is super easy:

// setup query:
var query = {
  index: 'twitter',
  type:  'tweet',
  field: 'text',     // the field we want to search in
  text:  'amazing'   // string we are searching for
};
 
SEARCH(query, function(response) {
  // console.log(res);
  t.equal(res.hits.total > 0, true,
    chalk.green("✓ Search results found: "+ res.hits.total));
  t.end();
});

A typical successful ES.SEARCH response:

{ took: 8,
  timed_out: false,
  _shards: { total: 5, successful: 5, failed: 0 },
  hits:
   { total: 924,
     max_score: 0.6355637,
     hits:
      [ [Object],
        [Object],
        etc...
  }
}

The response.hits.total is 924 (the number of records that matched our SEARCH query)

Required Fields for a SEARCHing:
  • index we need to know which "database" our record is in
  • type "table"
  • field the field in the record you want to search in.
  • text the text you are searching for.

When NO RECORDS are FOUND the response will look this:

{ took: 2,
  timed_out: false,
  _shards: { total: 5, successful: 5, failed: 0 },
  hits: { total: 0, max_score: null, hits: [] } }

We check for if(response.hits.total > 0) { /* use/display results */ } else { /* show sad face */}
Here's the image we use:

no results


### Get Cluster STATS using `ES.STATS(callback(response))`

The ES.STATS method exposes the ElasticSearch Instance/Cluster _stats see: http://www.elasticsearch.org/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/current/indices-stats.html

STATS(function (response) {
  // do something awesome response
});

ElasticSearch returns rich information on cluster health, document count etc. see: #31 for complete STATS output


"Just Works" (Defaults to 127.0.0.1:9200) 12 Factor App

To help you get started as fast as possible, esta defaults to using your local machine for ElasticSearch.

### Local/Dev Machine [![Beginner Friendly](https://img.shields.io/badge/shoshin-yes-brightgreen.svg?style=flat)](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoshin "Beginner Friendly")

Provided you already have ElasticSearch installed (we recommend using Vagrant, see below), there is nothing to setup or configure to use esta on your local machine!

Heroku Heroku Compatible

If you are deploying your App to Heroku there are two ElasticSearch-as-a-Service providers that offer Free entry level service:

heroku-addons-free

esta supports both of these providers out-of-the-box! as soon as you add the "addon" to your heroku app it "just works!"

Our Travis Build Process includes checks for both Bonsai and SearchBox: See: https://travis-ci.org/nelsonic/esta/jobs/58582216#L270

### (Travis) CI

Speaking of Travis-CI, if you are using their fine build tool, here's a sample .travis.yml file:

language: node_js
node_js:
  - 0.12
services:
  - elasticsearch

if you are new to Travis-CI see: https://github.com/docdis/learn-travis

## (*Optional*) Use *Vagrant* to Run ElasticSearch [![vagrant up](https://img.shields.io/badge/vagrant-up-brightgreen.svg?style=flat)](https://github.com/nelsonic/learn-vagrant)

If, like me you prefer not to have Java running on your dev machine (because its chronically insecure) I highly recommend using Vagrant to run a light-weight virtual machine to isolate ElasticSearch and only install Java in the VM.

The other obvious benefit of using Vagrant is that all your fellow developers will have exactly the same (latest) build so there's no risk of version incompatibility. Learn more at: https://github.com/nelsonic/learn-vagrant

I've included a Vagrantfile in this repo which will get you up-and-running with Ubuntu, Node.js & ElasticSearch with a single command: vagrant up

all you need to do is run the following commands in your terminal:

vagrant up
vagrant ssh
sudo service elasticsearch start

If you have any questions, just ask!



Philosophy / Background / Detail

Why Create a New Library?

We wanted something simpler and thus much easier to extend if you need to!
esta is easy to understand. The entire module is 129 lines of clear/clean/commented/DRY code; you can read & understand it all before breakfast!
Dive in at /lib. Each method has a corresponding file in /test

esta-coverage-summary-140

Practical Feature: Recover Accidentally Deleted Data

We wanted a way of "soft-deleting" records (i.e. avoiding data loss.) If you like the idea of being able to * recover accidentally deleted data*, you will love our DELETE method see: lib/delete.js

## *Only* Core Modules [![Dependency Status](https://david-dm.org/dwyl/esta.svg)](https://david-dm.org/dwyl/esta)

Zero external dependencies (3rd party modules).

There are quite a few modules in the node ecosystem for use with ElasticSearch. However, when I saw how many dependencies the "Official" ElasticSearch Node.js Module https://github.com/elasticsearch/elasticsearch-js had and especially the number of DevDependencies, it made it hard to contribute to the project...

Our aim is to build something that only uses core modules with Stable APIs, so we never have to think about upgrading - it also makes it a lot easier for others to learn how the module works, which invites contribution from the community.
Given that ElasticSearch has a REST API we are only using Node's http (core) module. and this is kept DRY (only in one file) see: lib/http_request.js

### Dev Dependencies [![devDependency Status](https://david-dm.org/dwyl/esta/dev-status.svg)](https://david-dm.org/dwyl/esta#info=devDependencies)

We carefully select and only use well-maintained "pure" JavaScript modules in our development toolchain:

## Code Quality [![Build Status](https://travis-ci.org/dwyl/esta.svg)](https://travis-ci.org/dwyl/esta) [![Test Coverage](https://codeclimate.com/github/dwyl/esta/badges/coverage.svg)](https://codeclimate.com/github/dwyl/esta) [![Code Climate](https://codeclimate.com/github/dwyl/esta/badges/gpa.svg)](https://codeclimate.com/github/dwyl/esta) [![bitHound Score](https://www.bithound.io/github/dwyl/esta/badges/score.svg?)](https://www.bithound.io/github/dwyl/esta)

If you are looking for a module you can trust, these are the "badges" you are looking for.

## Contributing [![contributions welcome](https://img.shields.io/badge/contributions-welcome-brightgreen.svg?style=flat)](https://github.com/dwyl/esta/issues)

All contributions are welcome.
If anything is unclear please create an issue:
https://github.com/dwyl/esta/issues

### Error Handling

Warning: Contains Opinion (based on experience)

Most of the Node.js developers I've worked with, don't handle errors well.
A typical (bad) example:

if(error) {
  console.log(error); // this is worse than useless!
}

So instead of having of having code full of if(err) ... we have deliberately cut out errors from callback functions completely.

Thus, all the methods in this module have the simplified signature:

ES.METHOD(record, function(response){
  // do something with response
});

Instead, we propose using a central error catcher. e.g:

process.on('uncaughtException', function(err) {
  console.log('ERROR: ' + err); // preferably handle errors appropriately
});

or, if you are using Hapi.js we recommend using https://github.com/hapijs/poop

For more on Errors, please read: https://www.joyent.com/developers/node/design/errors



ALLCAPS MEHTOD NAMES?

all caps

We prefer to have the METHOD names UPPERCASE because it makes them easy to spot and differentiate from your code. If you feel they are a bit "shouty" all methods are available in lowercase too; take your pick! see: http://git.io/pZ6t

## Module Name

The choice of module name was the answer to the question:

Q: Which ElasticSearch Node Module should I use...?
A:
https://translate.google.com/#auto/en/esta

## License

MIT

install

npm i esta

Downloadsweekly downloads

25

version

4.2.0

license

ISC

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

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