1.1.5 • Public • Published


Esquire is a light weight, asynchronous injection framework for JavaScript.

The full API documentation is avaiblable here.


Module definitions are shared, on a per global scope basis; in other words, the same module is defined only once per window if running in a browser, or global if running under Node.JS.

Modules are defined by a name, a list of dependencies, and a constructor function:

Esquire.define("myModuleName", ['myFirstDependency', 'anotherDependency'], function(first, another) {
  // the parameters to the constructor are our dependencies, and in this context
  // "this" means the module itself, so "" is "myModuleName"

Constructors can return immediately (with a result), or can return a then-able Promise which will eventually resolve to the required instance.

Module Injection

Direct injection of a module is supported through the inject(...) method, which will return a Promise to its return value:

new Esquire().inject(['dependencyName'], function(dependency) {
  // ... use the dependency here, and either return or throw an exception
}).then(function(result) {
  // "result" here will be the value returned by the injected method above
}, function(failure) {
  // "failure" here will be the error thrown by the injected method above

Module Requirement

Modules can also be directly required by the caller, and will be returned wrapped into a Promise:

new Esquire().require('requestedModule')
  .then(function(result) {
    // "result" here will be the instance of the module 'requestedModule'

Multiple modules can also be requested simultaneously (both specifying module names as arguments or an array of strings):

new Esquire().require('firstModule', 'secondModule')
  .then(function(result) {
    // result[0] -> instance of 'firstModule'
    // result[1] -> instance of 'secondModule'

Static vs. per-instance injection

In the examples above, a call to new Esquire() will create a new injector and with it, new modules instances are created. Each module instance is only available to its injector, and never shared across.

On the other hand the global esquire(...) method will allow to access a per global scope shared injector.

When calling esquire(...) with a callback function as its last parameter, the method will behave like inject(...), thus dependencies will be resolved and passed to callback method, and its return value (if any) will be returned.

esquire(['dependencyName'], function(dependency) {
  // ... use the dependency here, and either return or throw an exception
}).then(function(result) {
  // "result" here will be the value returned by the injected method above

If no callback function was given, the esquire(...) method will behave like require(...) and simply return the required dependencies.

  .then(function(result) {
    // "result" here will be the instance of the module 'requestedModule'


As module creation is asynchronous, it might be useful to specify a timeout when creation should fail.

By default the timeout is 2000 ms (2 sec), but a different timeout can be specified at construction time. The minimum timeout is 100 ms.

new Esquire(60000).require('foo')
  .then(function(foo) {
    // we'll wait up to a minute for "foo" to be created


While optional, loading of external scripts is also supported, with the same Promise mechanism (especially useful in browser environments).

And as Promises can be easily chained, constructs like the following can be quite useful:

  .then(function() {
    return esquire("moduleFromMyOtherScript");
.then(function(myModule) {
  // here "myModule" will be the shared global instance of the module
  // "moduleFromMyOtherScript" defined in the "myOtherScript.js" file




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