dts-cli
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2.0.5 • Public • Published

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a fork of the official tsdx.

$ npm install dts-cli -D   # for npm users
$ yarn add dts-cli -D      # for yarn users
$ pnpm install dts-cli -D  # for pnpm users

Despite all the recent hype, setting up a new TypeScript (x React) library can be tough. Between Rollup, Jest, tsconfig, Yarn resolutions, ESLint, and getting VSCode to play nicely....there is just a whole lot of stuff to do (and things to screw up). DTS is a zero-config CLI that helps you develop, test, and publish modern TypeScript packages with ease--so you can focus on your awesome new library and not waste another afternoon on the configuration.

Features

DTS comes with the "battery-pack included" and is part of a complete TypeScript breakfast:

  • Bundles your code with Rollup and outputs multiple module formats (CJS & ESM by default, and also UMD if you want) plus development and production builds
  • Comes with treeshaking, ready-to-rock lodash optimizations, and minification/compression
  • Live reload / watch-mode
  • Works with React
  • Human readable error messages (and in VSCode-friendly format)
  • Bundle size snapshots
  • Opt-in to extract invariant error codes
  • Jest test runner setup with sensible defaults via dts test
  • ESLint with Prettier setup with sensible defaults via dts lint
  • Zero-config, single dependency
  • Escape hatches for customization via .babelrc.js, jest.config.js, .eslintrc.js, and dts.config.js/dts.config.ts

Quick Start

npx dts-cli create mylib
cd mylib
yarn start

That's it. You don't need to worry about setting up TypeScript or Rollup or Jest or other plumbing. Just start editing src/index.ts and go!

Below is a list of commands you will probably find useful:

npm start or yarn start

Runs the project in development/watch mode. Your project will be rebuilt upon changes. DTS has a special logger for your convenience. Error messages are pretty printed and formatted for compatibility VS Code's Problems tab.

Your library will be rebuilt if you make edits.

npm run build or yarn build

Bundles the package to the dist folder. The package is optimized and bundled with Rollup into multiple formats (CommonJS, UMD, and ES Module).

npm test or yarn test

Runs your tests using Jest.

npm run lint or yarn lint

Runs Eslint with Prettier on .ts and .tsx files. If you want to customize eslint you can add an eslint block to your package.json, or you can run yarn lint --write-file and edit the generated .eslintrc.js file.

prepare script

Bundles and packages to the dist folder. Runs automatically when you run either npm publish or yarn publish. The prepare script will run the equivalent of npm run build or yarn build. It will also be run if your module is installed as a git dependency (ie: "mymodule": "github:myuser/mymodule#some-branch") so it can be depended on without checking the transpiled code into git.

Setting up VSCode

By default the eslint VSCode extension won't work, since it can't find the configuration file needed in order to start the eslint server. Run npm run lint -- --write-file in order to write the config file in the correct location.

Optimizations

Aside from just bundling your module into different formats, DTS comes with some optimizations for your convenience. They yield objectively better code and smaller bundle sizes.

After DTS compiles your code with TypeScript, it processes your code with 3 Babel plugins:

Development-only Expressions + Treeshaking

babel-plugin-annotate-pure-calls + babel-plugin-dev-expressions work together to fully eliminate dead code (aka treeshake) development checks from your production code. Let's look at an example to see how it works.

Imagine our source code is just this:

// ./src/index.ts
export const sum = (a: number, b: number) => {
  if (process.env.NODE_ENV !== 'production') {
    console.log('Helpful dev-only error message');
  }
  return a + b;
};

dts build will output an ES module file and 3 CommonJS files (dev, prod, and an entry file). If you want to specify a UMD build, you can do that as well. For brevity, let's examine the CommonJS output (comments added for emphasis):

// Entry File
// ./dist/index.js
'use strict';

// This determines which build to use based on the `NODE_ENV` of your end user.
if (process.env.NODE_ENV === 'production') {
  module.exports = require('./mylib.cjs.production.js');
} else {
  module.exports = require('./mylib.cjs.development.js');
}
// CommonJS Development Build
// ./dist/mylib.cjs.development.js
'use strict';

const sum = (a, b) => {
  {
    console.log('Helpful dev-only error message');
  }

  return a + b;
};

exports.sum = sum;
//# sourceMappingURL=mylib.cjs.development.js.map
// CommonJS Production Build
// ./dist/mylib.cjs.production.js
'use strict';
exports.sum = (s, t) => s + t;
//# sourceMappingURL=test-react-tsdx.cjs.production.js.map

AS you can see, DTS stripped out the development check from the production code. This allows you to safely add development-only behavior (like more useful error messages) without any production bundle size impact.

For ESM build, it's up to end-user to build environment specific build with NODE_ENV replace (done by Webpack 4 automatically).

Rollup Treeshaking

DTS's rollup config removes getters and setters on objects so that property access has no side effects. Don't do it.

Advanced babel-plugin-dev-expressions

DTS will use babel-plugin-dev-expressions to make the following replacements before treeshaking.

__DEV__

Replaces

if (__DEV__) {
  console.log('foo');
}

with

if (process.env.NODE_ENV !== 'production') {
  console.log('foo');
}

IMPORTANT: To use __DEV__ in TypeScript, you need to add declare var __DEV__: boolean somewhere in your project's type path (e.g. ./types/index.d.ts).

// ./types/index.d.ts
declare var __DEV__: boolean;

Note: The dev-expression transform does not run when NODE_ENV is test. As such, if you use __DEV__, you will need to define it as a global constant in your test environment.

invariant

Replaces

invariant(condition, 'error message here');

with

if (!condition) {
  if ('production' !== process.env.NODE_ENV) {
    invariant(false, 'error message here');
  } else {
    invariant(false);
  }
}

Note: DTS doesn't supply an invariant function for you, you need to import one yourself. We recommend https://github.com/alexreardon/tiny-invariant.

To extract and minify invariant error codes in production into a static codes.json file, specify the --extractErrors flag in command line. For more details see Error extraction docs.

warning

Replaces

warning(condition, 'dev warning here');

with

if ('production' !== process.env.NODE_ENV) {
  warning(condition, 'dev warning here');
}

Note: DTS doesn't supply a warning function for you, you need to import one yourself. We recommend https://github.com/alexreardon/tiny-warning.

Using lodash

If you want to use a lodash function in your package, DTS will help you do it the right way so that your library does not get fat shamed on Twitter. However, before you continue, seriously consider rolling whatever function you are about to use on your own. Anyways, here is how to do it right.

First, install lodash and lodash-es as dependencies

yarn add lodash lodash-es

Now install @types/lodash to your development dependencies.

yarn add @types/lodash --dev

Import your lodash method however you want, DTS will optimize it like so.

// ./src/index.ts
import kebabCase from 'lodash/kebabCase';

export const KebabLogger = (msg: string) => {
  console.log(kebabCase(msg));
};

For brevity let's look at the ES module output.

import o from"lodash-es/kebabCase";const e=e=>{console.log(o(e))};export{e as KebabLogger};
//# sourceMappingURL=test-react-tsdx.esm.production.js.map

DTS will rewrite your import kebabCase from 'lodash/kebabCase' to import o from 'lodash-es/kebabCase'. This allows your library to be treeshakable to end consumers while allowing to you to use @types/lodash for free.

Note: DTS will also transform destructured imports. For example, import { kebabCase } from 'lodash' would have also been transformed to `import o from "lodash-es/kebabCase".

Error extraction

After running --extractErrors, you will have a ./errors/codes.json file with all your extracted invariant error codes. This process scans your production code and swaps out your invariant error message strings for a corresponding error code (just like React!). This extraction only works if your error checking/warning is done by a function called invariant.

Note: We don't provide this function for you, it is up to you how you want it to behave. For example, you can use either tiny-invariant or tiny-warning, but you must then import the module as a variable called invariant and it should have the same type signature.

⚠️Don't forget: you will need to host the decoder somewhere. Once you have a URL, look at ./errors/ErrorProd.js and replace the reactjs.org URL with yours.

Known issue: our transformErrorMessages babel plugin currently doesn't have sourcemap support, so you will see "Sourcemap is likely to be incorrect" warnings. We would love your help on this.

TODO: Simple guide to host error codes to be completed

Types rollup

DTS can automatically rollup TypeScript type definitions into a single index.d.ts file via rollup-plugin-dts plugin. To enable types rollup, add --rollupTypes flag to your build and watch scripts.

    "build": "dts build --rollupTypes",
    "start": "dts watch --rollupTypes",

rollup-plugin-dts was seen to cause issues when using json and less imports. Use with caution.

Customization

Rollup

⚠️❗ Warning:
These modifications will override the default behavior and configuration of DTS. As such they can invalidate internal guarantees and assumptions. These types of changes can break internal behavior and can be very fragile against updates. Use with discretion!

DTS uses Rollup under the hood. The defaults are solid for most packages (Formik uses the defaults!). However, if you do wish to alter the rollup configuration, you can do so by creating a file called dts.config.js (or dts.config.ts) at the root of your project like so:

dts.config.js

// Not transpiled with TypeScript or Babel, so use plain Es6/Node.js!
/**
 * @type {import('dts-cli').DtsConfig}
 */
module.exports = {
  // This function will run for each entry/format/env combination
  rollup(config, options) {
    return config; // always return a config.
  },
};

or

const defineConfig = require('dts-cli').defineConfig;

module.exports = defineConfig({
  // This function will run for each entry/format/env combination
  rollup: (config, options) => {
    return config; // always return a config.
  },
});

dts.config.ts

import { defineConfig } from 'dts-cli';

export default defineConfig({
  // This function will run for each entry/format/env combination
  rollup: (config, options) => {
    return config; // always return a config.
  },
});

The options object contains the following:

export interface DtsOptions {
  // path to file
  input: string;
  // Name of package
  name: string;
  // JS target
  target: 'node' | 'browser';
  // Module format
  format: 'cjs' | 'umd' | 'esm' | 'system';
  // Environment
  env: 'development' | 'production';
  // Path to tsconfig file
  tsconfig?: string;
  // Is error extraction running?
  extractErrors?: boolean;
  // Is minifying?
  minify?: boolean;
  // Is this the very first rollup config (and thus should one-off metadata be extracted)?
  writeMeta?: boolean;
  // Only transpile, do not type check (makes compilation faster)
  transpileOnly?: boolean;
}

Example: Adding Postcss

const postcss = require('rollup-plugin-postcss');
const autoprefixer = require('autoprefixer');
const cssnano = require('cssnano');

module.exports = {
  rollup(config, options) {
    config.plugins.push(
      postcss({
        plugins: [
          autoprefixer(),
          cssnano({
            preset: 'default',
          }),
        ],
        inject: false,
        // only write out CSS for the first bundle (avoids pointless extra files):
        extract: !!options.writeMeta,
      })
    );
    return config;
  },
};

Babel

You can add your own .babelrc to the root of your project and DTS will merge it with its own Babel transforms (which are mostly for optimization), putting any new presets and plugins at the end of its list.

Jest

You can add your own jest.config.js to the root of your project and DTS will shallow merge it with its own Jest config.

ESLint

You can add your own .eslintrc.js to the root of your project and DTS will deep merge it with its own ESLint config.

patch-package

If you still need more customizations, we recommend using patch-package so you don't need to fork. Keep in mind that these types of changes may be quite fragile against version updates.

Inspiration

DTS was originally ripped out of Formik's build tooling. DTS has several similarities to @developit/microbundle, but that is because Formik's Rollup configuration and Microbundle's internals had converged around similar plugins.

Comparison with Microbundle

Some key differences include:

  • DTS includes out-of-the-box test running via Jest
  • DTS includes out-of-the-box linting and formatting via ESLint and Prettier
  • DTS includes a bootstrap command with a few package templates
  • DTS allows for some lightweight customization
  • DTS is TypeScript focused, but also supports plain JavaScript
  • DTS outputs distinct development and production builds (like React does) for CJS and UMD builds. This means you can include rich error messages and other dev-friendly goodies without sacrificing final bundle size.

API Reference

dts watch

Description
  Rebuilds on any change

Usage
  $ dts watch [options]

Options
  -i, --entry           Entry module
  --target              Specify your target environment  (default web)
  --name                Specify name exposed in UMD builds
  --format              Specify module format(s)  (default cjs,esm)
  --tsconfig            Specify your custom tsconfig path (default <root-folder>/tsconfig.json)
  --verbose             Keep outdated console output in watch mode instead of clearing the screen
  --onFirstSuccess      Run a command on the first successful build
  --onSuccess           Run a command on a successful build
  --onFailure           Run a command on a failed build
  --noClean             Don't clean the dist folder
  --transpileOnly       Skip type checking
  --rollupTypes         Enable types rollup
  -h, --help            Displays this message

Examples
  $ dts watch --entry src/foo.tsx
  $ dts watch --target node
  $ dts watch --name Foo
  $ dts watch --format cjs,esm,umd
  $ dts watch --tsconfig ./tsconfig.foo.json
  $ dts watch --noClean
  $ dts watch --onFirstSuccess "echo The first successful build!"
  $ dts watch --onSuccess "echo Successful build!"
  $ dts watch --onFailure "echo The build failed!"
  $ dts watch --transpileOnly

dts build

Description
  Build your project once and exit

Usage
  $ dts build [options]

Options
  -i, --entry           Entry module
  --target              Specify your target environment  (default web)
  --name                Specify name exposed in UMD builds
  --format              Specify module format(s)  (default cjs,esm)
  --extractErrors       Opt-in to extracting invariant error codes
  --tsconfig            Specify your custom tsconfig path (default <root-folder>/tsconfig.json)
  --transpileOnly       Skip type checking
  --rollupTypes         Enable types rollup
  -h, --help            Displays this message

Examples
  $ dts build --entry src/foo.tsx
  $ dts build --target node
  $ dts build --name Foo
  $ dts build --format cjs,esm,umd
  $ dts build --extractErrors
  $ dts build --tsconfig ./tsconfig.foo.json
  $ dts build --transpileOnly

dts test

This runs Jest, forwarding all CLI flags to it. See https://jestjs.io for options. For example, if you would like to run in watch mode, you can run dts test --watch. So you could set up your package.json scripts like:

{
  "scripts": {
    "test": "dts test",
    "test:watch": "dts test --watch",
    "test:coverage": "dts test --coverage"
  }
}

dts lint

Description
  Run eslint with Prettier

Usage
  $ dts lint [options]

Options
  --fix               Fixes fixable errors and warnings
  --ignore-pattern    Ignore a pattern
  --max-warnings      Exits with non-zero error code if number of warnings exceed this number  (default Infinity)
  --write-file        Write the config file locally
  --report-file       Write JSON report to file locally
  -h, --help          Displays this message

Examples
  $ dts lint src
  $ dts lint src --fix
  $ dts lint src test --ignore-pattern test/foo.ts
  $ dts lint src test --max-warnings 10
  $ dts lint src --write-file
  $ dts lint src --report-file report.json

dts create

Description
  Create a new package with DTS

Usage
  $ dts create <pkg> [options]

Options
  --template    Specify a template. Allowed choices: [basic, react, react-with-storybook]
  --husky       Should husky be added to the generated project?  (default true)
  -h, --help    Displays this message

Examples
  $ dts create mypackage
  $ dts create --template react mypackage
  $ dts create --husky mypackage
  $ dts create --no-husky mypackage
  $ dts create --husky false mypackage

Multiple Entry Files

You can run dts watch or dts build with multiple entry files, for example:

dts build \
  --entry ./src/index.ts \
  --entry ./src/foo.ts \
  --entry ./src/subdir/index.ts \
  --entry ./src/globdir/**/*.ts

When given multiple entries, dts-cli will output separate bundles for each file for each format, as well as their declarations. Each file will be output to dist/ with the same name it has in the src/ directory. Entries in subdirectories of src/ will be mapped to equivalently named subdirectories in dist/. dts-cli will also expand any globs.

Contributing

Please see the Contributing Guidelines.

Author

License

MIT

Contributors ✨

Thanks goes to these wonderful people (emoji key):


Jared Palmer

📖 🎨 👀 🔧 ⚠️ 🚧 💻

swyx

🐛 💻 📖 🎨 🤔 🚇 🚧 👀

Jason Etcovitch

🐛 ⚠️

Sam Kvale

💻 ⚠️ 🐛 📖 👀 🤔 💬

Lucas Polito

💻 📖 💬

Steven Kalt

💻

Harry Hedger

🤔 📖 💻 💬

Arthur Denner

🐛 💻 💬

Carl

🤔 📖 💻 ⚠️ 💬

Loïc Mahieu

💻 ⚠️

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📖 💻 ⚠️

Karl Horky

📖 🤔

James George

📖

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🚧 📖 💻 🐛 💡 🤔 💬 👀 ⚠️

Kyle Holmberg

💻 💡 ⚠️ 👀 💬

Sigurd Spieckermann

🐛 💻

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💻

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🐛 💻

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🐛

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💻

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greenkeeper[bot]

🚇 💻

allcontributors[bot]

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dependabot[bot]

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GitHub

🚇

Eugene Samonenko

⚠️ 💡 💬 🤔

Joseph Wang

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Semesse

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Felix Mosheev

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Ludovico Fischer

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Altrim Beqiri

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Tane Morgan

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This project follows the all-contributors specification. Contributions of any kind welcome!

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