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1.3.3 • Public • Published

License: MIT


This is a copy of the @hbtgmbh/dmn-eval-js package, compiled down to es5 using babel, so it is compatible with older browsers like IE11.

dmn-eval-js is a Javascript rule engine to execute decision tables according to the DMN standard. This implementation is based on FEEL by EdgeVerve. It is tailored to evaluation of simple expression language (S-FEEL), plus some cherry-picked parts of FEEL.

dmn-eval-js allows to load and execute DMN decision tables from XML. DRGs are supported. Evaluation of decision tables is currently limited to those of hit policy FIRST (F), UNIQUE (U), RULE ORDER (R), and COLLECT (C) without aggregation.


Use dmn-eval-js to embed a DMN engine in your Javascript application (browser or NodeJS). If you are looking for a DMN engine as a standalone server instead, you may find dmn-server more suitable.


var { decisionTable, dateTime } = require('dmn-eval-js-es5');


dmn-eval-js uses loglevel for logging. By default, warning and error messages are shown only. For additional log output, you need to configure a logger namend 'dmn-eval-js' as follows:

var loglevel = require('loglevel');
var logger = loglevel.getLogger('dmn-eval-js');

With loglevel 'info', you will see a few short log statements per decision call. With log level 'debug', you will additionally see what input was passed to each decision call (including nested decisions in DRGs), this might be verbose depending on what input values you pass for decision evaluation. Use loglevel 'error' to limit log statements to exceptional cases only.

Parsing decision tables

dmn-eval-js parses DMN from XML content. It is up to you to obtain the XML content, e.g. from file system or service call. Parsing is asynchronous using a Promise, while evaluation (execution) of a decision is synchronous.

const { decisionTable } = require('dmn-eval-js-es5');
const xmlContent = ... // wherever it may come from
    .then((decisions) => {
        // DMN was successfully parsed
        const context = {
            // your input for decision execution goes in here

        try {
            const data = decisionTable.evaluateDecision('decide-approval', decisions, context);
            // data is the output of the decision execution
            // it is an array for hit policy COLLECT and RULE ORDER, and an object else
            // it is undefined if no rule matched
            ... // do something with the data
        } catch (err) {
            // failed to evaluate rule, maybe the context is missing some data?
    .catch(err => {
         // failed to parse DMN XML: either invalid XML or valid XML but invalid DMN

Note than parsing a DMN decision table is a rather expensive operation. It should not be done for each evaluation of a decision table (the example above contains both parsing and evaluation just for the sake of completeness).

Evaluation result

The result of the evaluateDecision(...) call is

  • undefined if no rule matched
  • an array of objects if the hit policy of the decision table is COLLECT or RULE ORDER (one array item for each matching rule)
  • an object if the hit policy of the decision table is FIRST or UNIQUE and a rule matched

The object for a matching rule contains the evaluated output value(s) of the rule. The structure is defined by the output names. Qualified names with a dot (.) inside lead to nested objects. See the following example:

DMN example

An object for a matching rule of the above table would look like this:

  plainOutputProperty: '...',
  output: {
    property: '...',
    nested: {
       property: '...',

Supported content in decision tables

Input expressions

Input expressions are commonly (qualified) names, like so:

  • customerAge
  • customer.age

In the "context" object which is the input for decision execution, the corresponding properties / nested objects must exist. Example:

const context = {
  customer: {
    age: 18;

Input expressions are however not restricted to qualified names. You can use any expression according to S-FEEL, and additionally even function invocations, too, like so:

  • employee.salary * 12
  • convertToUSD(employee.salary)

In the case of functions, you need to define these in the given context object:

const context = {
  employee: {
    salary: 100000;
  convertToUSD: (valueInEUR) => [
     // your conversion logic here

Function implementation should be free of side-effects. Date and time instances that are arguments to functions are moment-js instances.

Input entries

As input entries, simple unary tests according to the DMN specification are supported, with some additions:

  • an endpoint can also be arithmetic expression
  • a simple value can also be function invocation
  • a simple literal can also be a null literal
  • a date time literal can also be "date and time"
  • brackets in arithmetic expressions are supported
  • additional name symbols are not supported

Examples (the list is not complete though):

Input entry matches if the input expression evaluates to...
42 the numeric value 42
< 42 a value less than 42
[41 .. 50] a value between 41 and 50 (inclusive)
10, 20 either 10 or 20
<10, >20 a value either less than 10 or greater than 20
"A" the string "A"
"A", "B" the string "A" or "B"
true the boolean value true
- any value, even undefined
any value, even undefined (sams as -)
null the value null or undefined
not(null) any value other than null or undefined
property the same value as the property (must be given in the context) the same value as the property of the object
f(a) the same value as the function evaluated with the property (function and property must be given in the context)
limit - 10 the same value as the limit minus 10
limit * 2 the same value as the limit times 2
[limit.upper, limit.lower] a value between the value of two given properties of object limit
date("2017-05-01") the date value Mai 1st, 2017 (date is a built-in function)
date(property) the date which is defined by the value of the given property, the time if cropped to 00:00:00
date and time(property) the date and time which is defined by the value of the given property (date and time is a built-in function)
duration(d) the duration specified by d, an ISO 8601 duration string like P3D for three days (duration is built-in either)
duration(d) * 2 twice the duration
duration(begin, end) the duration between the specified begin and end date
date(begin) + duration(d) the date that results by adding the given duration to the given date
< date(begin) + duration(d) any date before the date that results by adding the given duration to the given date

Most combinations of the syntax elements above are valid, too. For example the following is a valid input entry (although it probably does not make any sense):

not(f(a + 1), [ date(b) + duration(c.d) .. g(d) ]) 

Output entries

A simple expression according to the DMN specification is supported as output entry, with the same additions as mentioned for input entries. Since output entries are expressions, not comparisons, values like the following are not allowed:

  • < 1
  • [1 .. 2]
  • not("A")
  • empty values (this includes the dash -)

Undefined values

Since version 1.2.0, dmn-eval-js allows function and properties that are referenced by input expressions, input entries, and output entries, to be undefined or missing from the input context. The names of undefined functions and properties are logged with log level 'info'. Undefined values are handled as follows:

Evaluation of input expressions, input entries, and output entries

Input expressions, input entries, and output entries evaluate to undefined if they contain a function or a property which is not found in the input context or is contained there with undefined value. Undefinedness cannot be compared or checked for equality: for undefined values 'a' and 'b', the expression

a = b

evaluated to undefined, not to true.

There is one exception though: there is a built-in function 'defined' which returns true if the given argument is neither null nor undefined, and false if the given argument is null or undefined. If the given argument is undefined, this is not logged to console, since in this case the undefinedness is expected and nothing to inform about.

Matching of rules

If an input expression evaluates to undefined, any rule whose corresponding input entry is not empty (neither the empty string literal nor the dash -) does not match, regardless of to which value (or undefined) the input entry evaluates.

If an input entry evaluates to undefined, the containing rule does not match, regardless of to which value the corresponding input expression evaluates.

Decision result

If an output entry of a matching rule evaluates to undefined, the variable defined by the output name is set to undefined, if the hit policy is UNIQUE or FIRST. If the hit policy is COLLECT or RULE ORDER, the undefined output entry value is not added to the result list.

Custom functions

If you cannot rule out undefined values, your custom functions should check their arguments for undefined values, and return undefined in turn if one or more of the arguments are themselves undefined.

Passing dates as input

For input expressions, input values, or output values of the following type:

date and time(property)

the value of 'property' can be created in the following way:

// for dates only: date string in the format YYYY-MM-DD
const context = {
  property: '2018-03-01';
// for date and time: ISO8601 date/time string
const context = {
  property: '2018-03-01T14:30:00+01:00';
// Javascript date - a) from numerical year, month, ... values
const context = {
  property: new Date(2018, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0); // note that this will be implicitly in the local time zone!
// Javascript date - b) from string with explicit time zone
const context = {
  property: new Date('2018-03-01T00:00:00+01:00');
// moment-js value
const context = {
  property: moment.parseZone('2018-03-01T00:00:00+01:00')

Syntactically, any Date or moment-js value is fine, regardless of how you created it.

⚠️ Heads up! The built-in date function crops the time portion of a Javscript Date or moment-js date after converting the date to a UTC timezone. Therefore, date('2018-03-01T00:00:00.000+01:00') actually resolves to Feburary 28th, 2018, but not March 1st, 2018, since in UTC time zone the date/time is '2018-02-28T23:00:00.000+00:00'.

Dates in custom functions

If your custom functions take date or date and time values, these are of an internal type which is compatible with the moment-js API. Make sure not to modify them by calling moment-js operations with side effects. If needed, clone the arguments first.

If your custom functions return date or date and time values, these must be of the same internal type. The functions required to create them is exported by dmn-eval-js:

const { decisionTable, dateTime } = require('dmn-eval-js-es5');
// creates a date in the internal date format,
// d may be a Javascript Date, a moment-js date, 
// or an instance of the internal date format;
// creates a date and time in the internal date format,
// d may be a Javascript Date, a moment-js date,
// or an instance of the internal date and time format
dateTime['date and time'](d); 


# install dependencies 
npm install
# run test cases 
npm test
# watch for changes in source and grammar 
gulp watch
# generate parser from grammar 
gulp generate
# lint source files 
npm run lint
# lint-fix source files 
npm run lintfix


For comprehensive set of documentation on DMN, you can refer to :

DMN Specification Document

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