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dhcp

node-dhcp

NPM Package Build Status MIT license

node-dhcp is a RFC compliant DHCP client and server implementation on top of node.js.

Motivation

A DHCP server can be used to configure the entire local network. Typical parameters that can be organized with a DHCP server are ip-addresses, gateways / router, DNS server and really a lot more. DHCP is quite old and well establishd solutions are on the market, commercially and open source - so why a new implementation?

I was searching for a minimalistic DHCP server, which is robust and highly configurable. The first problem I had was: I wanted to deliver an IP address to a Raspberry PI without static configuration right out of my Macbook. However, Apple made it almost impossible to configure the onboard DHCP-server with newer versions of OSX.

In times of home automation and IoT, I was thinking of a solution, which can trigger something when I come home. DHCP is a good idea here, since any device will broadcast to the network, as soon as it connects. So why not playing the imperial march when you come back home?

Another problem I had was, I wanted to query DHCP servers without actually change the local configuration.

These problems were the trigger to start reading the RFC's and the protocol is really not that complicated. As such, this project was born.

Remark: By nature, network services are quite complex, so please test, test, test!

Usage

Command line

When installed globally, node-dhcp provides two executables, a client dhcp and a server dhcpd. The client simply retrieves network configuration from a DHCP server and prints the configuration after a complete handshake. All additional (defined in lib/options.js) fields can be specified as list of arguments:

# sudo dhcp hostname [--mac 12:23:34:45:56:67]
 
output:
netmask :  255.255.255.0
router :  192.168.1.1
dns :  8.8.8.8, 8.8.4.4
server :  192.168.1.1
hostname :  web392

On the other hand, the server can be used to provide the data:

sudo dhcpd --range 192.168.1.2-192.168.1.99 --hostname web392 --server 192.168.1.1 --router 192.168.1.1

All available options can be found in lib/options.js. The more powerful interface however, is the JavaScript API.

Simple DHCP Server

var dhcp = require('dhcp');
 
var s = dhcp.createServer({
  // System settings 
  range: [
    "192.168.3.10", "192.168.3.99"
  ],
  static: {
    "11:22:33:44:55:66": "192.168.3.100"
  },
 
  // Option settings (there are MUCH more) 
  netmask: '255.255.255.0',
  router: [
    '192.168.0.1'
  ],
  bootFile: function (req) {
 
    if (req.clientId === 'foo bar') {
      return 'x86linux.0';
    } else {
      return 'x64linux.0';
    }
  }
});
 
s.listen();

Any config directive can be a function, like illustrated with the bootFile directive for PXE boot. This way you get a fully programable DHCP server.

Simple DHCP Client

var dhcp = require('dhcp');
 
var s = dhcp.createClient();
 
s.on('bound', function (state) {
 
  console.log("State: ", state);
 
  // Configure your host system, based on the current state: 
  // `ip address add IP/MASK dev eth0` 
  // `echo HOSTNAME > /etc/hostname && hostname HOSTNAME` 
  // `ip route add default via 192.168.1.254` 
  // `sysctl -w net.inet.ip.forwarding=1` 
 
});
 
s.listen();
 
s.sendDiscover();

Sniff DHCP Traffic

For research purposes it's also possible to just get triggered when broadcast events occur. This way an own DHCP server can be implemented. It's also possible to just listen to the traffic on the network, without answering. This can be used to automate something when a device enters the network (you come back home from work and your mobile phone gets into wifi) or to spot malicious DHCP servers on the network:

var dhcp = require('dhcp');
 
var s = dhcp.createBroadcastHandler();
 
s.on('message', function (data) {
 
  if (data.options[53] === dhcp.DHCPDISCOVER) {
    if (data.chaddr === '12-34-56-78-90-AB') {
      console.log('Welcome home!');
    }
  }
});
 
s.listen();

Installation

Installing node-dhcp is as easy as cloning this repo or use npmjs:

npm install dhcp

If command line tools dhcp and dhcpd shall be installed, npmjs can be used as well:

npm install dhcp -g

Not yet implemented features

node-dhcp does not set timers already on the client to periodically send RENEW or REBIND messages. If you need this feature, please file a bug ticket.

Troubleshooting

EACCESS Error

Since the programs need to bind to port 67 and 68, root privileges are required. If you want to use dhcp and dhcpd without root privileges, change the port to something above 1024.

No data is received

A broadcast is typically not spread across all interfaces. In order to route the broadcast to a specific interface, you can reroute 255.255.255.255.

Linux

route add -host 255.255.255.255 dev eth0

OS-X

sudo route add -host 255.255.255.255 -interface en4

Testing

If you plan to enhance the library, make sure you add test cases and all the previous tests are passing. You can test the library with

npm test

Copyright and licensing

Copyright (c) 2017, Robert Eisele Dual licensed under the MIT or GPL Version 2 licenses.