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    deepicker

    1.0.0¬†‚Äʬ†Public¬†‚Äʬ†Published

    Deepicker

    A tiny library inspired in GraphQL but much more simple without buracratic things and large libraries for clients and servers!

    Features:

    • Simple implementation.
    • Increases performance processing only what client asks for.
    • Non-blocking processing, it handles promisses in parallel very well.
    • Simple usage by clients. Just receive an include and exclude querystring and send them to Deepicker.
    • No worries about dependencies, Deepicker is pure JS implementation.

    Installation

    Node support: 8+

    $ npm i --save deepicker

    or, if you prefer yarn:

    $ yarn add deepicker

    Usage

    Quickstart example

    Let's see a very simple example to warmup:

    const deepicker = require('deepicker')
     
    // My object with a simple structure (for now!)
    const myObject = {
        title: 'Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back',
        episodeNumber: '5',
        releaseYear: 1980,
        characters: [
            { name: 'Luke Skywalker', actor: 'Mark Hamill' },
            { name: 'Han Solo', actor: 'Harrison Ford' },
            { name: 'Princess Leia Organa', actor: 'Carrie Fischer' },
            { name: 'Darth Vader', actor: 'James Earl Jones' },
            // ...
        ],
        description: 'Fleeing the evil Galactic Empire, the Rebels abandon...',
    }
     
    // Include/exclude string, you can receive then in a request querystring, for example
    const include = 'title,description,characters'
    const exclude = 'characters.actor'
     
    // Create our picker object
    const picker = deepicker.simplePicker(include, exclude)
     
    // Let's process our object, picker will pick only especified fields deeply.
    console.log(picker.pick(myObject))

    As a result:

    {
        "title":"Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back",
        "description":"Fleeing the evil Galactic Empire, the Rebels abandon...",
        "characters":[
            { "name":"Luke Skywalker" },
            { "name":"Han Solo" },
            { "name":"Princess Leia Organa" },
            { "name":"Darth Vader" }
        ]
    }

    Using nested functions

    But we know, unfortunatelly, real life "usually" is not so simple. Thinking about it, Deepicker is able to handle a lot of data types inside our objects, like arrays, promises, functions... etc. And with this last data type is where Deepicker really shines and show its power! =)

    Let's see a more complex example using functions:

    const deepicker = require('deepicker')
     
    const myObject = {
        title: 'Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back',
        description: 'Fleeing the evil Galactic Empire, the Rebels abandon...',
        releaseYear: 1980,
     
        // Here, using a function to computate our 'nextMovie' key content (pay attention to "picker" arg)
        nextMovie: function(picker) {
            const movie = {
                title: 'Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope)',
                description: 'The galaxy is in the midst of a civil war. Spies for the Rebel Alliance have stolen plans...',
                releaseYear: 1977
            }
     
            // Pay attention here, picker instance is with 'nextMovie' context,
            // so, when we call "pick" method it knows exactly what needs to cut out
            // or not.
            return picker.pick(movie)
        },
     
        previousMovie: function(picker) {
            const movie = {
                title: 'Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi',
                description: 'The Galactic Empire, under the direction of the ruthless Emperor...',
                releaseYear: 1983
            }
     
            return picker.pick(movie)
        }
    }
     
    // Now, we add "nextMovie" in our include fields and exclude "releaseYear" from "nextMovie".
    const include = 'title,description,nextMovie'
    const exclude = 'nextMovie.releaseYear'
     
    // Create our picker object
    const picker = deepicker.simplePicker(include, exclude)
     
    // Let's pick!
    console.log(picker.pick(myObject))

    And we have the following as result:

    {
        "title":"Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back",
        "description":"Fleeing the evil Galactic Empire, the Rebels abandon...",
        "nextMovie":{
            "title":"Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope)",
            "description":"The galaxy is in the midst of a civil war. Spies for the Rebel Alliance have stolen plans..."
        }
    }

    Ok, what happened?!

    First of all, we didn't ask for "previousMovie", so deepicker don't evaluate this function. In this example this don't affect performance, but thinking about an operation like access to a database to get something or call some API this can increase performance significantly. The main gain here is we process only what client asks for.

    Other thing, pay attention to picker arg received in our functions. This picker instance is with correct context, in this example, with releaseYear in exclude option. This is very important to pick content inside these functions and, as you can imagine, we can the same pick operation nested:

    nextMovie: function(picker) {
        const movie = {
            title: 'Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope)',
            description: 'The galaxy is in the midst of a civil war. Spies for the Rebel Alliance have stolen plans...',
            releaseYear: 1977,
     
            // Using a function to compute otherInfo about Episode IV
            otherInfo: function(picker) {
                // Perform somethig here to get movie info and return then
     
                return picker.pick({
                    directedBy: "George Lucas",
                    producedBy: "Gary Kurtz",
                    writtenBy: "George Lucas"
                })
            }
        }
     
        return picker.pick(movie)
    },

    In this example, we can use nextMovie.otherInfo.directedBy in our include option to get only "George Lucas" name and exclude the other info. Or, otherInfo function even is called with include only with nextMovie.releaseYear.

    Using promises

    All we know that using JS is use asyncronous code, a library in node with no support for that is useless. So, Deepicker has a very good support to use Promises, lets take a look in an example:

    const deepicker = require('deepicker')
     
    const myObject = {
        // First, we can have promises direct associated with our keys
        // Deepicker will "resolve" it for us
        title: Promise.resolve('Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back'),
     
        description: 'Fleeing the evil Galactic Empire, the Rebels abandon...',
        releaseYear: 1980,
     
        // Our function to calculate next movie
        nextMovie: function(picker) {
            // Let's think we need to get next movie from an API, so we'll need an asyncronous request
            return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
                // ... calling some API here
     
                const movie = {
                    title: 'Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope)',
                    description: 'The galaxy is in the midst of a civil war. Spies for the Rebel Alliance have stolen plans...',
                    releaseYear: 1977
                }
     
                resolve(picker.pick(movie))
            })
        },
     
        // Our function to calculate previous movie
        previousMovie: function(picker) {
            // Let's think we need to get next movie from an API, so we'll need an asyncronous request
            return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
                // ... calling some API here
     
                const movie = {
                    title: 'Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi',
                    description: 'The Galactic Empire, under the direction of the ruthless Emperor...',
                    releaseYear: 1983
                }
     
                resolve(picker.pick(movie))
            })
        }
    }
     
    // Our include / exclude as usually
    const include = 'title,description,nextMovie'
    const exclude = 'nextMovie.releaseYear'
     
    const picker = deepicker.simplePicker(include, exclude)
     
    // To handle with promises in our object, we need to use 'pickPromise' method
    picker.pickPromise(myObject).then(result => {
        console.log(result)
    })

    As result:

    {
        "title":"Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back",
        "description":"Fleeing the evil Galactic Empire, the Rebels abandon...",
        "nextMovie":{
            "title":"Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope)",
            "description":"The galaxy is in the midst of a civil war. Spies for the Rebel Alliance have stolen plans..."
        }
    }
    

    Reference

    Constructor

    Building our picker is the first step to use it. Each constructors available uses one kind of include and exclude string.

    deepicker.simplePicker([includeStr], [excludeStr])

    This option handles simple include and exclude string, e.g.:

    const include = 'title,description,nextMovie'
    const exclude = 'nextMovie.releaseYear'
     
    const picker = deepicker.simplePicker(include, exclude)

    As you see, our include and exclude vars are simple strings with fields separated by , and using . to going into objects. Always consider root element to build this string.

    deepicker.xpathPicker([includeStr], [excludeStr])

    This option handle include and exclude string with a "xpath like" format, e.g.:

    const include = 'nextMovie/releaseYear,characters(name,actor)'
    const exclude = 'previousMovie/characters/name'
     
    const picker = deepicker.xpathPicker(include, exclude)

    As you see, it uses / to going deep into fields object and , to separate options. The great advantage to use this way is to save "bytes" with complex objects. In our example, using characters(name,actor) we instruct picker to get name and actor fields inside characters key. In other example, we can do something like this: nextMovie/characters/bornDate(month,year) to get just month and year of bornDate object inside characters from nextMovie.

    Install

    npm i deepicker

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    33

    Version

    1.0.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    53.9 kB

    Total Files

    24

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • alissonperez