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A Javascript data representation library.


Data.js is a data representation framework for Javascript. It's being developed in the context of Substance, an open publishing platform.

For documentation, usage, and examples, see the offical documentation:

With Data.js you can:

  • Model your domain data using a simple graph-based object model that can be serialized to JSON.
  • Traverse your graph, including relationships using a simple API.
  • Manipulate and query data on the client (browser) or on the server (Node.js) by using exactly the same API.


  • Data.Graph (A data abstraction for all kinds of linked data)
  • Data.Collection (A simplified interface for tabular data)

Getting Started

Define a schema

var schema = {
  "/type/person": {
    "type": "/type/type",
    "name": "Person",
    "properties": {
      "name": {"name": "Name", "type": "string", "required": true},
      "origin": {"name": "Origin", "type": "/type/location" }
  "/type/location": {
    "type": "/type/type",
    "name": "Location",
    "properties": {
      "name": { "name": "Name", "unique": true, "type": "string", "required": true },
      "citizens": {"name": "Citizens", "unique": false, "type": "/type/person"}

Create a new Data.Graph.

var graph = new Data.Graph(schema);

Add some objects.

  _id: "/person/bart",
  type: "/type/person",
  name: "Bart Simpson"
  _id: "/location/springfield",
  name: "Springfield",
  type: "/type/location",
  citizens: ["/person/bart"]

Set properties (including relationships to other objects)

     .set({origin: '/location/springfield'});

Access your data.

var citizens = graph.get('/location/springfield').get('citizens');
_.each(citizens, function(person) {

In The Wild

  • Substance - A web-based document authoring and publication platform that relies on Data.js for object persistence.
  • Déjàvis - A tool for analyzing and visualizing data. It uses Data.js for filtering and aggregating data
  • Dance.js Dance.js - A data-driven visualization library.