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    d3-gup

    1.0.1 • Public • Published

    d3-gup

    release license

    d3-gup is a functional and composable D3 plugin that codifies the General Update Pattern as described by Selection#data. It does not attempt to wrap D3 or provide abstractions to replace or conceal the existing D3 features. Instead it provides the facilities for composition of sets of functions to aid in the construction of components. d3-gup is aware of D3 transitions and takes the appropriate actions in response to them.

    The following examples are reproductions of Mike Bostock's General Update Pattern examples. They are presented here so that you may compare how d3-gup relates to the conventional approach.

    The globals below are used for each example.

    var examples = [];
    var alphabet = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz".split("");
     
    function randomSample(data) {
      return d3.shuffle(data)
        .slice(0, Math.floor(Math.random() * data.length))
        .sort();
    }

    This example is a reproduction of General Update Pattern, I.

    In this example we create a GUP factory that can be bound to data, which produces a GUP instance. A GUP instance can be called against a D3 selection, which preforms a data-join and executes a set of update functions.

    The GUP factory is rebound to random letters of the alphabet and called at regular intervals in a D3 timer.

    examples[0] = {
      tick() {
        examples[0].root.call(examples[0].gup(randomSample(alphabet)));
      },
      timer: d3.interval(() => examples[0].tick(), 1500),

    The GUP instance is called on a D3 selection that contains a single g element inside a svg element.

      root: d3.select("svg#example-1")
        .attr("width", 450)
        .attr("height", 100)
        .append("g")
        .attr("transform", "translate(16 50)"),

    This creates our GUP factory, ready to configure with our phase functions.

      gup: d3.gup()

    select occurs prior to the data-join; here we select old text elements, if any.

        .select($ => $.selectAll("text"))

    pre is applied to old elements; update class colours them blue.

        .pre($ => $.attr("class", "update"))

    enter creates new elements as needed; enter class colours them green.

        .enter($ => $.append("text")
          .attr("class", "enter")
          .attr("dy", ".35em")
          .attr("x", (d, i) => i * 16))

    post is applied to the merged set of new and old elements; here we lay them out in a line.

        .post($ => $.text(d => d))

    exit is applied to elements that no longer have bound data; here we simply remove them.

    The overall effect is that we see green letters when the list grows and only blue letters when the list shrinks. The association between individual letters and their colour is lost because no key function is specified whilst binding the data.

        .exit($ => $.remove())
    };

    This example is a reproduction of General Update Pattern, II.

    In this example we provide the key function that was missing from the previous example.

    As before, we setup a D3 timer to a g element but this time the identity function is passed as the key function when the data is bound to the GUP.

    examples[1] = {
      tick() {
        examples[1].root.call(examples[1].gup(randomSample(alphabet), d => d));
      },
      timer: d3.interval(() => examples[1].tick(), 1500),
     
      root: d3.select("#example-2")
        .attr("width", 450)
        .attr("height", 100)
        .append("g")
        .attr("transform", "translate(16 50)"),

    As before, we create our GUP and configure it. No change to select or pre either.

      gup: d3.gup()
        .select($ => $.selectAll("text"))
        .pre($ => $.attr("class", "update"))

    enter is where the text content is applied since it will remain constant, by virtue of the key function.

        .enter($ => $.append("text")
          .attr("class", "enter")
          .attr("dy", ".35em")
          .text(d => d))

    However, the elements will change position in the list (agian, thanks to the key function), thus post is where we set the horizontal position.

        .post($ => $.attr("x", (d, i) => i * 16))

    No change to exit.

        .exit($ => $.remove())
    };

    This example is a reproduction of General Update Pattern, III.

    In the previous example we provided the key function to communicate a sense of object constancy. This effect is completed with the addition of transitions.

    As before, we setup a D3 timer to a g element.

    examples[2] = {
      tick() {
        examples[2].root.call(examples[2].gup(randomSample(alphabet), d => d));
      },
      timer: d3.interval(() => examples[2].tick(), 1500),
     
      root: d3.select("#example-3")
        .attr("width", 450)
        .attr("height", 100)
        .append("g")
        .attr("transform", "translate(16 50)")

    The g element is created the same way but now we introduce a transition.

        .transition()
          .duration(750),

    As before, we create our GUP and configure it. We must now pay closer attention to the elements vertical and horizontal position so that it will be animated during the transition and also to the opacity to produce fade-in and fade-out effects.

      gup: d3.gup()
        .select($ => $.selectAll("text"))
        .pre($ => $.attr("class", "update"))
        .enter($ => $.append("text")
          .attr("class", "enter")
          .attr("dy", ".35em")
          .text(d => d)

    Elements will begin positioned above the list and horizontally correct.

          .attr("y", -60)
          .attr("x", (d, i) => i * 16)
          .style("fill-opacity", 1e-6))

    Elements final position will be in the list; existing elements will traval horizontally.

        .post($ => $.attr("x", (d, i) => i * 16)
          .attr("y", 0)
          .style("fill-opacity", 1))

    Exiting elements will drop below the list and fade out and then removed when the transition completes.

        .exit($ => $.attr("class", "exit")
          .attr("y", 60)
          .style("fill-opacity", 1e-6)
          .remove())
    };

    Install

    npm i d3-gup

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    Version

    1.0.1

    License

    BSD-3-Clause

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