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0.11.5 • Public • Published


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Often data sets are hierarchical, but are not in a tree structure, such as genetic data. In these instances d3-hierarchy may not suit your needs, which is why d3-dag (Directed Acyclic Graph) exists. This module implements a data structure for manipulating DAGs. Old versions were designed to mimic d3-hierarchy's api as much as possible, newer versions have opted to use modern javascript conventions while breaking from the standard set by d3.



If you use node, npm i d3-dag or yarn add d3-dag. Otherwise you can load it using unpkg:

<script src="https://unpkg.com/d3-dag@0.11.1"></script>
const dag = d3.dagStratify(...);
const layout = d3.sugiyama();
// ... render dag

API Reference

  • Javascript API - methods exported to flat javascript
  • DAG - documentation on the DAG structure
  • Creating DAGs from data
  • Layout algorithms

General Usage Notes

This library is built around the concept of operators. Operators are functions with a fluent interface to modify their behavior. Every function that modifies behavior returns a copy, and will not modify the original operator. For example, the stratify operator creates dags from id-based parent data, can be used like so:

// note initial function call with no arguments to create default operator
const stratify = dagStratify();
const dag = stratify([{ id: "parent" }, { id: "child", parentIds: ["parent"] }]);

stratify.id(({ myid }: { myid: string }) => myid);
// doesn't work, stratify was not modified
const dag = stratify([{ myid: "parent" }, { myid: "child", parentIds: ["parent"] }]);

const myStratify = stratify.id(({ myid }: { myid: string }) => myid);
// works!
const dag = myStratify([{ myid: "parent" }, { myid: "child", parentIds: ["parent"] }]);

Node Sizes

It can be useful to set a custom node size for the layout. There is an important detail to node sizes that can be easy to miss, namely that "dummy nodes" or nodes that represent part of a long edge also have a custom size. If setting sugiyama's nodeSize accessor, make sure to handle the case when the node being sized is undefined if you want to mimic the default behavior but with custom sizes you probably want to use something like .nodeSize(node => node === undefined ? [0, 0] : <my node size>). To get even more flexible layouts, check sugiNodeSize.

Typescript Notes

  • Default operators will expect the necessary types for them to work, but will also do runtime checks in case javascript users use them inappropriately.
  • Due to what seems like a bug in typescript, passing operators that take no arguments, e.g. dagStratify().id(() => "") will cause typescript to infer the data as undefined, which will then restrict the overall data-type to never in most circumstances. If you encounter typescript errors saying types can't be assigned to never check that the appropraite types are being inferred from custom operators and accessors.

Experimental ES6 Imports

As of version 0.7, the full typescript build is released in the dist folder. That means in addition to importing from the bundled es6 module that was available before, you should be able to import arbitrary nested modules from d3-dag/dist/.... There may be issues with doing this, but it is at least an option. If people report success importing once private members from this more structured interface it may become stable.


For information about changes between releases see the changelog.


Contributions, issues, and PRs are all welcome!


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  • erik.brinkman