cypress-mailslurp
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1.9.0 • Public • Published

MailSlurp Cypress Plugin

Official MailSlurp email plugin for Cypress JS. Create real test email accounts. Send and receive emails, SMS, and attachments in Cypress tests. For examples and usage see the standard MailSlurp library.

Test email and SMS/TXT messages in Cypress

With MailSlurp and Cypress you can:

  • create unlimited, disposable email addresses for testing
  • send and receive emails in tests
  • send and receive SMS messages in tests
  • capture outbound emails with fake mailservers
  • extract email verification codes and OTP magic links

Example

it('can sign up using throwaway mailbox', function () {
    // create a mailslurp instance
    cy.mailslurp().then(function (mailslurp) {
        // visit the demo application
        cy.visit('/');
        // create an email address and store it on this
        cy.then(() => mailslurp.createInbox())
            .then((inbox) => {
                // save inbox id and email address to this
                cy.wrap(inbox.id).as('inboxId');
                cy.wrap(inbox.emailAddress).as('emailAddress');
            })
        // fill user details on app
        cy.get('[data-test=sign-in-create-account-link]').click()
        cy.then(function () {
            // access stored email on this, make sure you use Function and not () => {} syntax for correct scope
            cy.get('[name=email]').type(this.emailAddress)
            cy.get('[name=password]').type('test-password')
            return cy.get('[data-test=sign-up-create-account-button]').click();
        })
        // now wait for confirmation mail
        cy.then({
            // add timeout to the step to allow email to arrive
            timeout: 60_000
        }, function () {
            return mailslurp
                // wait for the email to arrive in the inbox
                .waitForLatestEmail(this.inboxId, 60_000, true)
                // extract the code with a pattern
                .then(email => mailslurp.emailController.getEmailContentMatch({
                    emailId: email.id,
                    contentMatchOptions: {
                        // regex pattern to extract verification code
                        pattern: 'Your Demo verification code is ([0-9]{6})'
                    }
                }))
                // save the verification code to this
                .then(({matches}) => cy.wrap(matches[1]).as('verificationCode'))
        });
        // confirm the user with the verification code
        cy.then(function () {
            cy.get('[name=code]').type(this.verificationCode)
            cy.get('[data-test=confirm-sign-up-confirm-button]').click()
            // use the email address and a test password
            cy.get('[data-test=username-input]').type(this.emailAddress)
            cy.get('[data-test=sign-in-password-input]').type('test-password')
            // click the submit button
            return cy.get('[data-test=sign-in-sign-in-button]').click();
        })
        cy.get('h1').should('contain', 'Welcome');
    });
});

Quick links

Install

Ensure you have Cypress installed first then run:

npm install --save-dev cypress-mailslurp

Then include the plugin in your cypress/support/index.{js,ts} file.

import 'cypress-mailslurp';

[!IMPORTANT]
You must import/require cypress-mailslurp in your support file cypress/support/e2e.ts or cypress/support/index.{js,ts}

Configuration

See the example project for example code.

API Key

MailSlurp is free but requires an API Key. Get yours by creating a free account. Set the environment variable CYPRESS_MAILSLURP_API_KEY or use the cypress.json file env property:

Environment variable

For Mac/Linux set the CYPRESS_MAILSLURP_API_KEY environment variable:

CYPRESS_MAILSLURP_API_KEY=your-api-key cypress run

For Windows machines use the Powershell format $env:CYPRESS_MAILSLURP_API_KEY

$env:CYPRESS_MAILSLURP_API_KEY=your-api-key;
cypress run;

Cypress env property

You can also configure Cypress using the config format.

{
  "env": {
    "MAILSLURP_API_KEY": "your-mailslurp-api-key"
  }
}

Configure dynamically

You can also pass the cy.mailslurp() function a config containing an apiKey like so:

cy.mailslurp({ apiKey: 'YOUR_KEY' })

Timeouts

MailSlurp requires timeouts to wait for inbound emails. You can set global timeouts in cypress.json:

{
  "defaultCommandTimeout": 30000,
  "responseTimeout": 30000,
  "requestTimeout": 30000
}

Or you can set timeouts on a per-method basis using the first argument as a timeout config:

cy.then({ timeout: 60_000 }, () => { /* use mailslurp */ })

Typescript support

MailSlurp adds the mailslurp command to the Cypress cy object. Include the type definition reference comment in your test file or support index.ts:

/// <reference types="cypress-mailslurp" />

Or define the type yourself like so:

import { MailSlurp } from "mailslurp-client";

declare global {
    namespace Cypress {
        interface Chainable {
            mailslurp: () => Promise<MailSlurp>;
        }
    }
}

Usage

The Cypress MailSlurp plugin provide one simple command attached to the Cypress object: cy.mailslurp(). This method returns a MailSlurp client instance that has all the same methods and properties as the official MailSlurp client. Use the command with the then() method to access the instance:

cy.mailslurp().then(mailslurp => mailslurp.createInbox() /* etc */)

You can test that you have setup MailSlurp correctly in a test like so:

describe('sign up using disposable email', function () {
    it('can set config', () => {
        //<gen>cy_config_dynamic
        cy.mailslurp({ apiKey: 'YOUR_KEY' })
        

Common methods

The client chained by the cy.mailslurp() has all the same methods and properties as the official MailSlurp client. See the Javascript documentation for a full API reference or see the examples below.

The MailSlurp client has a number of convenience methods and also exposes the full MailSlurp API as controllers. See the class reference for full method documentation.

Create email address

You can create test email accounts with MailSlurp by creating inboxes. Inboxes have an id and an emailAddress. Save the id for later use when fetching or sending emails.

await cy.mailslurp()
    .then((mailslurp: MailSlurp) => mailslurp.createInboxWithOptions({}))
    .then(inbox => {
      expect(inbox.emailAddress).to.contain("@mailslurp")
      // save the inbox values for access in other tests
      cy.wrap(inbox.id).as('inboxId')
      cy.wrap(inbox.emailAddress).as('emailAddress')
    })

Send emails

To send emails in Cypress tests first create an inbox then use the sendEmail method.

await cy.mailslurp()
    .then((mailslurp: MailSlurp) => mailslurp.sendEmail(this.inboxId, {
      to: [this.emailAddress  ],
      subject: 'Email confirmation',
      body: 'Your code is: ABC-123',
    }))

Receive emails in tests

Use the waitFor methods to wait for emails for an inbox. See the email object docs for full properties.

cy.log("Waiting for email")
await cy.mailslurp().then({
    // set a long timeout when waiting for an email to arrive
    timeout: 60_000,
}, (mailslurp: MailSlurp) => mailslurp.waitForLatestEmail(this.inboxId, 60_000, true))
    .then(email => {
        expect(email.subject).toContain('Email confirmation')
        const code = email.body.match(/Your code is: (\w+-\d+)/)[1]
        expect(code).toEqual('ABC-1223')
    })

Accessing more methods

To access all the MailSlurp methods available in the REST API and Javascript Client use the controllers on the mailslurp instance.

cy.mailslurp().then(mailslurp => mailslurp.attachmentController.uploadAttachment({
    base64Contents: fileBase64Encoded,
    contentType: 'text/plain',
    filename: basename(pathToAttachment)
}))

Storing values between tests

Cypress has a unique async nature. To use MailSlurp effectively with Cypress chain your commands using then() or store results in wrapped aliases using wrap() and as().

before(function() {
  return cy
      .mailslurp()
      .then(mailslurp => mailslurp.createInbox())
      .then(inbox => {
        // save inbox id and email address to this (make sure you use function and not arrow syntax)
        cy.wrap(inbox.id).as('inboxId');
        cy.wrap(inbox.emailAddress).as('emailAddress');
      });
});
it('can access values on this', function() {
  // get wrapped email address and assert contains a mailslurp email address
  expect(this.emailAddress).to.contain('@mailslurp');
});

[!NOTE] Using wrap to store values across test methods requires you to use function syntax instead of () => arrow syntax. This ensure that this is dynamically scoped and includes the aliased variables.

Example test

Here is an example of testing user sign up on a demo application hosted at playground.mailslurp.com. It creates a new MailSlurp inbox before all tests and saves the inbox.id and inbox.emailAddress to a shared text context using the cy.wrap().as() methods. It then loads the demo application, fills out a sign up form using the email address and receives a user confirmation code. We wait for the email to arrive using the waitForLatestEmail method and then extract a confirmation code that can be submitted to the app to confirm the user.

describe('user sign up test with mailslurp plugin', function() {
  // use cypress-mailslurp plugin to create an email address before test
  before(function() {
    return cy
      .mailslurp()
      .then(mailslurp => mailslurp.createInbox())
      .then(inbox => {
        // save inbox id and email address to this (make sure you use function and not arrow syntax)
        cy.wrap(inbox.id).as('inboxId');
        cy.wrap(inbox.emailAddress).as('emailAddress');
      });
  });
  it('01 - can load the demo application', function() {
    // get wrapped email address and assert contains a mailslurp email address
    expect(this.emailAddress).to.contain('@mailslurp');
    // visit the demo application
    cy.visit('/');
    cy.title().should('contain', 'React App');
  });
  // use function instead of arrow syntax to access aliased values on this
  it('02 - can sign up using email address', function() {
    // click sign up and fill out the form
    cy.get('[data-test=sign-in-create-account-link]').click();
    // use the email address and a test password
    cy.get('[name=email]')
      .type(this.emailAddress)
      .trigger('change');
    cy.get('[name=password]')
      .type('test-password')
      .trigger('change');
    // click the submit button
    cy.get('[data-test=sign-up-create-account-button]').click();
  });
  it('03 - can receive confirmation code by email', function() {
    // app will send user an email containing a code, use mailslurp to wait for the latest email
    cy.mailslurp()
      // use inbox id and a timeout of 30 seconds
      .then(mailslurp =>
        mailslurp.waitForLatestEmail(this.inboxId, 30000, true)
      )
      // extract the confirmation code from the email body
      .then(email => /.*verification code is (\d{6}).*/.exec(email.body!!)!![1])
      // fill out the confirmation form and submit
      .then(code => {
        cy.get('[name=code]')
          .type(code)
          .trigger('change');
        cy.get('[data-test=confirm-sign-up-confirm-button]').click();
      });
  });
  // fill out sign in form
  it('04 - can sign in with confirmed account', function() {
    // use the email address and a test password
    cy.get('[data-test=username-input]')
      .type(this.emailAddress)
      .trigger('change');
    cy.get('[data-test=sign-in-password-input]')
      .type('test-password')
      .trigger('change');
    // click the submit button
    cy.get('[data-test=sign-in-sign-in-button]').click();
  });
  // can see authorized welcome screen
  it('05 - can see welcome screen', function() {
    // click sign up and fill out the form
    cy.get('h1').should('contain', 'Welcome');
  });
});

More examples

See the Cypress example test suite for real tests that use this plugin.

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