TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

    2.7.0 • Public • Published

    cRonstrue Build Status NPM Package

    cRonstrue is a JavaScript library that parses a cron expression and outputs a human readable description of the cron schedule. For example, given the expression "*/5 * * * *" it will output "Every 5 minutes".

    This library was ported from the original C# implementation called cron-expression-descriptor and is also available in a few other languages.


    • Zero dependencies
    • Supports all cron expression special characters including * / , - ? L W, #
    • Supports 5, 6 (w/ seconds or year), or 7 (w/ seconds and year) part cron expressions
    • Supports Quartz Job Scheduler cron expressions
    • i18n support with 27 languages


    A demo is available here.


    cRonstrue is exported as an UMD module so it will work in an AMD, CommonJS or browser global context.

    First, install the module:

    npm install cronstrue

    Then, depending upon your usage context, add a reference to it:

    Node / CommonJS

    const cronstrue = require('cronstrue');

    ESM / webpack / TypeScript

    import cronstrue from 'cronstrue';


    The cronstrue.min.js file from the /dist folder in the npm package should be served to the browser. There are no dependencies so you can simply include the library in a <script> tag.

    <script src="cronstrue.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
      var cronstrue = window.cronstrue;


    A simple way to load the library in a browser is by using the unpkg CDN, which is a "fast, global content delivery network for everything on npm". To use it, include a script tag like this in your file:

    <script src="" async></script>

    Using the "latest" tag will result in a 302 redirect to the latest version tag so it is recommended to use a specific version tag such as to avoid this redirect.


    cronstrue.toString("* * * * *");
    > "Every minute"
    cronstrue.toString("0 23 ? * MON-FRI");
    > "At 11:00 PM, Monday through Friday"
    cronstrue.toString("0 23 * * *", { verbose: true });
    > "At 11:00 PM, every day"
    cronstrue.toString("23 12 * * SUN#2");
    > "At 12:23 PM, on the second Sunday of the month"
    cronstrue.toString("23 14 * * SUN#2", { use24HourTimeFormat: true });
    > "At 14:23, on the second Sunday of the month"
    cronstrue.toString("* * * ? * 2-6/2", { dayOfWeekStartIndexZero: false });
    > "Every second, every 2 days of the week, Monday through Friday"
    cronstrue.toString("* * * 6-8 *", { monthStartIndexZero: true });
    > "Every minute, July through September"

    For more usage examples, including a demonstration of how cRonstrue can handle some very complex cron expressions, you can reference the unit tests.


    An options object can be passed as the second parameter to cronstrue.toString. The following options are available:

    • throwExceptionOnParseError: boolean - If exception occurs when trying to parse expression and generate description, whether to throw or catch and output the Exception message as the description. (Default: true)
    • verbose: boolean - Whether to use a verbose description (Default: false)
    • dayOfWeekStartIndexZero: boolean - Whether to interpret cron expression DOW 1 as Sunday or Monday. (Default: true)
    • monthStartIndexZero: boolean - Wether to interpret January as 0 or 1. (Default: false)
    • use24HourTimeFormat: boolean - If true, descriptions will use a 24-hour clock (Default: false but some translations will default to true)
    • locale: string - The locale to use (Default: "en")


    To use the i18n support cRonstrue provides, you can either import all the supported locales at once (using cronstrue/i18n) or import individual locales (using cronstrue/locales/[locale]). Then, when calling toString you pass in the name of the locale you want to use. For example, for the es (Spanish) locale, you would use: cronstrue.toString("* * * * *", { locale: "es" }).

    All Locales

    You can import all locales at once with cronstrue/i18n. This approach has the advantage of only having to load one module and having access to all supported locales. The tradeoff with this approach is a larger module (~130k, minified) that will take longer to load, particularly when sending down to a browser.

    // Node / CommonJS
    const cronstrue = require('cronstrue/i18n');
    // ESM / webpack / TypeScript
    import cronstrue from 'cronstrue/i18n';
    // Browser
    <script src="" async></script>
    cronstrue.toString("*/5 * * * *", { locale: "fr" }); // => Toutes les 5 minutes
    cronstrue.toString("*/5 * * * *", { locale: "es" }); // => Cada 5 minutos

    Individual Locales

    You can also load the main cronstrue module and then load individual locale modules you want to have access to. This works well when you have one or more locales you know you need access to and want to minimize load time, particularly when sending down to a browser. The main cronstrue module is about 42k (minified) and each locale is about 4k (minified) in size.

    // Node / CommonJS
    const cronstrue = require('cronstrue');
    // ESM / webpack / TypeScript
    import cronstrue from 'cronstrue';
    import 'cronstrue/locales/fr';
    import 'cronstrue/locales/es';
    // Browser
    <script src="" async></script>
    <script src="" async></script>
    <script src="" async></script>
    cronstrue.toString("*/5 * * * *", { locale: "fr" }); // => Toutes les 5 minutes
    cronstrue.toString("*/5 * * * *", { locale: "es" }); // => Cada 5 minutos

    Frequently Asked Questions

    The cron expression I am passing in is not valid and this library is giving strange output. What should I do?

    This library does not do full validation of cron expressions and assumes the expression passed in is valid. If you need to validate an expression consider using a library like cron-validator or cron-parser.

    Can cRonstrue output the next occurrence of the cron expression?

    No, cRonstrue does not support this. This library simply describes a cron expression that is passed in.

    Supported Locales


    cRonstrue is freely distributable under the terms of the MIT license.


    npm i cronstrue

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads






    Unpacked Size

    894 kB

    Total Files


    Last publish


    • bradymholt