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cqrs-saga

Introduction

travis npm

Node-cqrs-saga is a node.js module that helps to implement the sagas in cqrs. It can be very useful as domain component if you work with (d)ddd, cqrs, eventdenormalizer, host, etc.

Installation

$ npm install cqrs-saga

Usage

var pm = require('cqrs-saga')({
  // the path to the "working directory"
  // can be structured like
  // [set 1](https://github.com/adrai/node-cqrs-saga/tree/master/test/integration/fixture)
  sagaPath: '/path/to/my/files',

  // optional, default is 800
  // if using in scaled systems and not guaranteeing that each event for a saga "instance"
  // dispatches to the same worker process, this module tries to catch the concurrency issues and
  // retries to handle the event after a timeout between 0 and the defined value
  retryOnConcurrencyTimeout: 1000,

  // optional, default is in-memory
  // currently supports: mongodb, redis, azuretable and inmemory
  // hint settings like: [eventstore](https://github.com/adrai/node-eventstore#provide-implementation-for-storage)
  // mongodb:
  sagaStore: {
    type: 'mongodb',
    host: 'localhost',                          // optional
    port: 27017,                                // optional
    dbName: 'domain',                           // optional
    collectionName: 'sagas',                    // optional
    timeout: 10000                              // optional
  // authSource: 'authedicationDatabase',        // optional
    // username: 'technicalDbUser',                // optional
    // password: 'secret'                          // optional
  // url: 'mongodb://user:pass@host:port/db?opts // optional
  },
  // or redis:
  sagaStore: {
    type: 'redis',
    host: 'localhost',                          // optional
    port: 6379,                                 // optional
    db: 0,                                      // optional
    prefix: 'domain_saga',                      // optional
    timeout: 10000                              // optional
    // password: 'secret'                          // optional
  },

  // optional, default is in-memory
  // the revisionguard only works if aggregateId and revision are defined in event definition
  // currently supports: mongodb, redis, tingodb, azuretable and inmemory
  // hint settings like: [eventstore](https://github.com/adrai/node-eventstore#provide-implementation-for-storage)
  revisionGuard: {
  	queueTimeout: 1000,                         // optional, timeout for non-handled events in the internal in-memory queue
  	queueTimeoutMaxLoops: 3,                    // optional, maximal loop count for non-handled event in the internal in-memory queue
  startRevisionNumber: 1,			                // optional, if defined the denormaizer waits for an event with that revision to be used as first event

  	type: 'redis',
  	host: 'localhost',                          // optional
  	port: 6379,                                 // optional
  	db: 0,                                      // optional
  	prefix: 'readmodel_revision',               // optional
  	timeout: 10000                              // optional
  	// password: 'secret'                          // optional
  }
});

Catch connect ad disconnect events

// sagaStore
pm.sagaStore.on('connect', function() {
  console.log('sagaStore connected');
});

pm.sagaStore.on('disconnect', function() {
  console.log('sagaStore disconnected');
});

// revisionGuardStore
pm.revisionGuardStore.on('connect', function() {
  console.log('revisionGuardStore connected');
});

pm.revisionGuardStore.on('disconnect', function() {
  console.log('revisionGuardStore disconnected');
});


// anything (sagaStore or revisionGuardStore)
pm.on('connect', function() {
  console.log('something connected');
});

pm.on('disconnect', function() {
  console.log('something disconnected');
});

Define the event structure

The values describes the path to that property in the event message.

pm.defineEvent({
  // optional, default is 'name'
  name: 'name',

  // optional, only makes sense if contexts are defined in the 'domainPath' structure
  context: 'context.name',

  // optional, only makes sense if aggregates with names are defined in the 'domainPath' structure
  aggregate: 'aggregate.name',

  // optional, default is 'aggregate.id'
  aggregateId: 'aggregate.id',

  // optional, default is 'revision'
  // will represent the aggregate revision, can be used in next command
  revision: 'revision',

  // optional
  version: 'version',

  // optional, if defined theses values will be copied to the command (can be used to transport information like userId, etc..)
  meta: 'meta'
});

Define the command structure

The values describes the path to that property in the command message.

pm.defineCommand({
  // optional, default is 'id'
  id: 'id',

  // optional, if defined the values of the event will be copied to the command (can be used to transport information like userId, etc..)
  meta: 'meta'
});

Define the id generator function [optional]

you can define a synchronous function

pm.idGenerator(function () {
  var id = require('uuid').v4().toString();
  return id;
});

or you can define an asynchronous function

pm.idGenerator(function (callback) {
  setTimeout(function () {
    var id = require('uuid').v4().toString();
    callback(null, id);
  }, 50);
});

Wire up commands [optional]

you can define a synchronous function

// pass commands to bus
pm.onCommand(function (cmd) {
  bus.emit('command', cmd);
});

or you can define an asynchronous function

// pass commands to bus
pm.onCommand(function (cmd, callback) {
  bus.emit('command', cmd, function ack () {
    callback();
  });
});

Wire up event missing [optional]

pm.onEventMissing(function (info, evt) {

	// grab the missing events, depending from info values...
	// info.aggregateId
	// info.aggregateRevision
	// info.aggregate
	// info.context
	// info.guardRevision
	// and call handle...
	pm.handle(missingEvent, function (err) {
		if (err) { console.log(err); }
	});

});

you can get the last guarded event:

pm.getLastEvent(function (err, evt) {

  if (event.occurredAt < Date.now()) {
  	// ...
  }

});

Initialization

pm.init(function (err, warnings) {
  // this callback is called when all is ready...
  // warnings: if no warnings warnings is null, else it's an array containing errors during require of files
});

// or

pm.init(); // callback is optional

Handling an event

pm.handle({
  id: 'b80ade36-dd05-4340-8a8b-846eea6e286f',
  name: 'orderCreated',
  aggregate: {
    id: '3b4d44b0-34fb-4ceb-b212-68fe7a7c2f70',
    name: 'order'
  },
  context: {
    name: 'sale'
  },
  payload: {
  totalCosts: 520,
  seats: ['4f', '8a']
  },
  revision: 0,
  version: 1,
  meta: {
    userId: 'ccd65819-4da4-4df9-9f24-5b10bf89ef89'
  }
}); // callback is optional

or

pm.handle({
  id: 'b80ade36-dd05-4340-8a8b-846eea6e286f',
  name: 'orderCreated',
aggregate: {
  id: '3b4d44b0-34fb-4ceb-b212-68fe7a7c2f70',
  name: 'order'
},
context: {
  name: 'sale'
},
payload: {
  totalCosts: 520,
  seats: ['4f', '8a']
},
  revision: 0,
  version: 1,
  meta: {
    userId: 'ccd65819-4da4-4df9-9f24-5b10bf89ef89'
  }
}, function (errs, cmds) {
  // this callback is called when event is handled successfully or unsuccessfully
  // errs can be of type:
  // - null
  // - Array of Errors
  //
  // cmds: same as passed in 'onCommand' function
});

more infos, can be useful if testing

pm.handle({
  id: 'b80ade36-dd05-4340-8a8b-846eea6e286f',
  name: 'orderCreated',
aggregate: {
  id: '3b4d44b0-34fb-4ceb-b212-68fe7a7c2f70',
  name: 'order'
},
context: {
  name: 'sale'
},
payload: {
  totalCosts: 520,
  seats: ['4f', '8a']
},
  meta: {
    userId: 'ccd65819-4da4-4df9-9f24-5b10bf89ef89'
  }
}, function (errs, cmds, sagaModels) {
  // this callback is called when event is handled successfully or unsuccessfully
  // errs: is the same as described before

  // cmds: same as passed in 'onCommand' function
  // cmds: in case of no error or in case of error here is the array of all commands that should be published

  // sagaModels: represents the saga data after have handled the event
});

Request saga information

After the initialization you can request the saga information:

pm.init(function (err) {
  pm.getInfo();
  // ==>
  // {
  //   "sagas": [
  //     {
  //       "name": "orderConfirmed",
  //       "aggregate": "order",
  //       "context": "sale",
  //       "version": 0
  //     },
  //     {
  //       "name": "orderCreated",
  //       "aggregate": "order",
  //       "context": "sale",
  //       "version": 0
  //     },
  //     {
  //       "name": "paymentAccepted",
  //       "aggregate": "payment",
  //       "context": "sale",
  //       "version": 2
  //     },
  //     {
  //       "name": "seatsReserved",
  //       "aggregate": "reservation",
  //       "context": "sale",
  //       "version": 0
  //     }
  //   ]
  // }
});

Components definition

Saga

module.exports = require('cqrs-saga').defineSaga({
  // optional, default is file name without extension
  name: 'orderCreated',

  // optional
  aggregate: 'order',

  // optional
  context: 'sale',

  // optional, default 0
  version: 1,

  // optional, default false
  // if true it will check if there is already a saga in the db and only if there is something it will continue...
  existing: false,

  // optional, will catch the event only if it contains the defined properties
  containingProperties: ['aggregate.id', 'payload.totalCosts', 'payload.seats'],

  // optional, if not defined it will pass the whole event...
  payload: 'payload',

  // optional, if not defined it will generate a new id
  // it will try to load the saga from the db by this id
  id: 'aggregate.id',

  // optional, default Infinity, all sagas will be sorted by this value
  priority: 1
}, function (evt, saga, callback) {

  // if you have multiple concurrent events that targets the same saga, you can catch it like this:
  if (saga.actionOnCommit === 'create') {
  	return this.retry();
  	// or
  	//return this.retry(100); // retries to handle again in 0-100ms
  	// or
  	//return this.retry({ from: 500, to: 8000 }); // retries to handle again in 500-8000ms
  }

  saga.set('orderId', evt.aggregate.id);
  saga.set('totalCosts', evt.payload.totalCosts);
  // or
  // saga.set({ orderId: evt.aggregate.id, totalCosts: evt.payload.totalCosts });

  var cmd = {

    // if you don't pass an id it will generate a new one
    id: 'my own command id',
    name: 'makeReservation',
    aggregate: {
      name: 'reservation'
    },
    context: {
      name: 'sale'
    },
    payload: {
      transactionId: saga.id,
      seats: saga.has('seats') ? saga.get('seats') : evt.payload.seats
    },

    // to transport meta infos (like userId)...
    // if not defined, it will use the meta value of the event
    meta: evt.meta
  };

  saga.addCommandToSend(cmd);

  // optionally define a timeout
  // this can be useful if you have an other process that will fetch timeouted sagas
  var tomorrow = new Date();
  tomorrow.setDate((new Date()).getDate() + 1);
  var timeoutCmd = {

    // if you don't pass an id it will generate a new one
    id: 'my own command id',
    name: 'cancelOrder',
    aggregate: {
      name: 'order',
      id: evt.aggregate.id
    },
    context: {
      name: 'sale'
    },
    payload: {
      transactionId: saga.id
    },

    // to transport meta infos (like userId)...
    // if not defined, it will use the meta value of the event
    meta: evt.meta
  };
  saga.defineTimeout(tomorrow, [timeoutCmd]);
  // or
  // saga.defineTimeout(tomorrow, timeoutCmd);
  // or
  // saga.defineTimeout(tomorrow);

  saga.commit(callback);
});
// optional define a function to that returns an id that will be used as saga id
//.useAsId(function (evt) {
//  return 'newId';
//});
// or
//.useAsId(function (evt, callback) {
//  callback(null, 'newId');
//});
//
// optional define a function that checks if an event should be handled
//.defineShouldHandle(function (evt, saga) {
//  return true;
//});
// or
//.defineShouldHandle(function (evt, saga, callback) {
//  callback(null, true');
//});

Persistence functions

getTimoutedSagas

Use this function to get all timeouted sagas.

pm.getTimeoutedSagas(function (err, sagas) {
  if (err) { return console.log('ohh!'); }

  sagas.forEach(function (saga) {
    // saga.id...
    // saga.getTimeoutAt();
    var cmds = saga.getTimeoutCommands();

    cmds.forEach(function (cmd) {
    	saga.addCommandToSend(cmd);
    });

    saga.commit(function (err) {
    // if you have registered the pm.onCommand handler it will be automatically executed,
    // if you have not registered the pm.onCommand handler you need to publish and set the command to dispatched on your own!
    	cmds.forEach(function (cmd) {
    		// publish cmd...
    		// msgBus.send(cmd);
    		// ... and set to dispatched...
    		pm.setCommandToDispatched(cmd.id, saga.id, function (err) {});
    	});
    });

    // or if saga does not clean itself after timouted and/or no commands are defined, then:
    // pm.removeSaga(saga || saga.id, function (err) {});
    // or
    // saga.destroy();
    // saga.commit(function (err) {});
  });
});

getOlderSagas

Use this function to get all sagas that are older then the passed date.

pm.getOlderSagas(new Date(2010, 2, 4), function (err, sagas) {
  if (err) { return console.log('ohh!'); }

  sagas.forEach(function (saga) {
    // saga.id...
    // saga.getTimeoutAt();
    // saga.getTimeoutCommands();

    // if saga does not clean itself after timouted and/or no commands are defined, then:
    pm.removeSaga(saga || saga.id, function (err) {});
    // or
    // saga.destroy();
    // saga.commit(function (err) {});
  });
});

getUndispatchedCommands | setCommandToDispatched

Use getUndispatchedCommands to get all undispatched commands.

Use setCommandToDispatched to mark a command as dispatched. (will remove it from the db)

pm.getUndispatchedCommands(function (err, cmds) {
  if (err) { return console.log('ohh!'); }

  cmds.forEach(function (cmd) {
    // cmd is: { sagaId: 'the id of the saga', commandId: 'the id of the command', commitStamp: 'a date', command: { /* the command */ } }

    pm.setCommandToDispatched(cmd.commandId, cmd.sagaId, function (err) {});
  });
});

ES6 default exports

Importing ES6 style default exports is supported for all definitions where you also use module.exports:

module.exports = defineSaga({...});

works as well as

exports.default = defineSaga({...});

as well as (must be transpiled by babel or tsc to be runnable in node)

export default defineSaga({...});

Exports other than the default export are then ignored by this package's structure loader.

Release notes

License

Copyright (c) 2018 Adriano Raiano

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.