Nutrias Punching Marmots

    couchfirehose

    1.1.3 • Public • Published

    couchfirehose

    A proof-of-concept tool that allows Cloudant/CouchDB data to be transferred quickly between a source database and a target database. This is not replication:

    • It doesn't transfer every revision of every document. Only the winners.
    • It doesn't transfer attachments.
    • It optionally doesn't transfer deleted documents.
    • It optionally doesn't transfer design documents documents.
    • It can optionally transform the document in transit.

    It is faster than replication but gets its speed by assuming that the source database is static and the the target database is empty.

    How does it work?

    The source database's changes feed is consumed in batches and a queue of bulk writes is built up in the app. The queue is worked through at a the specified concurrency with the data being written to the target database in batches.

    Installation

    npm install -g couchfirehose

    Configuration

    Both producer and consumer are configured using command-line parameters:

    • --source/-s - the URL of the source Cloudant database, including authentication.
    • --target/-t - the URL of the target Cloudant database, including authentication.
    • --batchsize/-b - the number of documents per write request. (Default 500)
    • --concurrency/-c - the number of writes in flight. (Default 2)
    • --maxwrites/-m - the maximum number of write requests to issue per second. (Default 5)
    • --filterdesigndocs/--fdd - whether to omit design documents from the data transfer. (Default false)
    • --filterdeletions/--fd - whether to omit deleted documents from the data transfer. (Default false)
    • --resetrev/-r - omits the revision token, resetting the targets revisions to `1-xxx'. (Default false)
    • --transform - the path of synchronous JavaScript transformation function. (Default null)
    • --selector - a selector query used to filter the source's documents. (Default null)

    or environment variables:

    • SOURCE_URL - the URL of the source Cloudant database, including authentication.
    • TARGET_URL - the URL of the target Cloudant database, including authentication.
    • BATCH_SIZE - the number of documents per write request. (Default 500)
    • CONCURRENCY - the number of writes in flight. (Default 2)
    • MAX_WRITES_PER_SECOND - the maximum number of write requests to issue per second. (Default 5)
    • FILTER_DESIGN_DOCS - whether to omit design documents from the data transfer. (Default false)
    • FILTER_DELETIONS - whether to omit deleted documents from the data transfer. (Default false)
    • RESET_REV - omits the revision token, resetting the targets revisions to `1-xxx'. (Default false)
    • TRANSFORM - the path of synchronous JavaScript transformation function. (Default null)
    • SELECTOR - a selector query used to filter the source's documents. (Default null)

    Usage

    Command-line parameters:

    > couchfirehose -s 'https://u:p@host.cloudant.com/source' -t 'https://u:p@host.cloudant.com/target'

    Environment variables:

    > export SOURCE_URL="https://u:p@host.cloudant.com/source"
    > export TARGET_URL="https://u:p@host.cloudant.com/target"
    > couchfirehose

    Transfering a subset of documents

    • to ignore deleted documents, pass --filterdeletions true on the command line.
    • to ignore design documents, pass --filterdesigndocs true on the command line.
    • to filter by a custom selector, pass your selector using --selector on the command line.

    e.g.

    > # ignore deletions and design docs
    > couchfirehose -s "$URL/source" -t "$URL/target" --filterdeletions true --filterdesigndocs true
    > # only include documents that pass the supplied filter
    > couchfirehose -s "$URL/source" -t "$URL/target" --selector '{"country": "ZA"}'

    Transforming data during transfer

    To transfer the form of the documents in flight, supply the path of a file that contains an exported filter function.

    • it should be a synchronous JavaScript function.
    • it should take one parameter - the document.
    • it should return the modified document.
    • if you the document is not to be written to the target, return null
    const f = (doc) => {
    
      // add new fields
      doc.ts = new Date().getTime()
    
      // remove unwanted fields
      delete doc.status
    
      // fix data
      doc.type = doc.type.toLowerCase()
    
      // use the transform function to filter out documents that are not required
      if (doc.price < 0) {
        doc = null
      }
      return doc
    }
    module.exports = f

    Pass the path to the function file as the --transform parameter:

    > couchfirehose -s "$URL/source" -t "$URL/target" --transform ./transformer.js

    Discussion

    The couchfirehose utility can transfer data from source to target faster than replication, but it isn't doing the same job as only winning revisions are transferred and attachments are dropped. Proceed with caution if your source database is changing when running couchfirehose or if your target database is not empty.

    If your use-case can cope with the source database being static and the target database being empty, then you can transfer data much faster than replication and take advantage of the easy filtering and transformation options that couchfirehose offers.

    Debugging

    To see extra debug messages, run couchfirehose with the environment variable DEBUG set to couchfirehose e.g.

    ```sh
    > DEBUG=couchfirehose couchfirehose -s "$URL/source" -t "$URL/target"

    Keywords

    Install

    npm i couchfirehose

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    1

    Version

    1.1.3

    License

    Apache-2.0

    Unpacked Size

    14.5 kB

    Total Files

    6

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • glynnbird