1.0.0 • Public • Published


Convenience functions to better work with Couchbase Node.js SDK. Includes some bug fixes.

npm install --save couchbase-utils


var utils = require('couchbase-utils')(options);

options is an Object with following fields:

  • bucket: mandatory
  • ddocsHashAlgorithm: used when updating ddocs, default is sha256
  • ddocsPath: where the ddocs are, default is ./ddocs
  • ddocsRemoveHook: executed before a ddoc is removed, default is to accept the removal of production views and to reject the removal of development views
  • ddocsUpdateHook: executed before a ddoc is updated, default is to accept the update of newest ddocs
  • fix: whether to fix implementations, default is false
  • maxDelay: upper limit of the retry delay, which otherwise grows exponentially, default is 1 second
  • timeout: maximum retry time for retry in seconds, default is 10 seconds

I discovered some bugs in the implementation regarding the queries and the mock. Until this PR is merged, I strongly recommend to set fix to true, in order to fix those behaviors.


Multi is a class for executing functions in the context of retrieved documents.

var info;
var multi = new utils.Multi();

multi.register(docId, function(data, callback) {
	if (data.err) return callback(data.err);
	info =;
	return callback();

multi.execute(function(err) {
	if (err) throw err;

multi.register(docId, function(data, callback))

Register a doc id with an associated handler function. You can register the same doc id multiple times, and all associated handlers will be executed.

The function receives a data object with following fields:

  • err if an error occurred (including if the doc id doesn't exist)
  • value (document)
  • cas

The function is asynchronous, i.e. you have to call callback to continue the processing. Optionally pass an Error object as argument to notify an error back to execute.


After registering all doc ids, call execute to actually retrieve the documents and execute all registered handlers.

The callback function may have an Error argument, which is the first error notified by a processing function. It is undefined if all handlers have succeeded.

It works even if there is no registered handler.

utils.provide(query, [params,] function(row, callback), callback)

Yields rows from the query, as long as a condition is true.

query is the query object. params is an optional object or array to do replacements on a N1QL query.

The function is executed for every row the query yields. It receives a row object with following fields:

  • id
  • key
  • value

The function is asynchronous, i.e. you have to call callback to continue the processing. The first argument may be an Error object if an error occurred, or null. The second argument is a boolean deciding whether provide should continue to yield rows. When this boolean is false, or there is no more rows to yield, the provision loop exits and the execution continues by calling callback.

It is strongly advised to set a limit to the query, in order to retrieve rows in small batches. Indeed, provide will retrieve a first batch, and if this batch is depleted while it should still yield rows, then another batch is retrieved, etc. Therefore you should calculate the ideal size of batches. If you don't set limit, all rows are retrieved in a single batch, which may be suboptimal.

var query = couchbase.ViewQuery.from('stocks', 'quantities')

var quantity = 0;
var productIds = [];

utils.provide(query, function(row, callback) {
	quantity += row.key;
	return callback(null, quantity < 40);
}, function(err) {
	if (err) throw err;

utils.retry(function(callback), callback)

They are two reasons to always wrap your calls to Couchbase in a retry call:

  1. Couchbase sometimes delivers "temporary" errors, which are not fatal errors, but signal a temporary failure state. retry will execute again the function with an exponential delay, bounded by options.maxDelay seconds, as defined at the instantiation.
  2. when using optimistic locking, while you get, edit, and replace a document, it may have been edited and replaced by another code. retry allows for starting again the edit process.

In any case, retry won't execute again the function if it took more time than options.timeout seconds, as defined at the instantiation.

The arguments of the first argument's callback are forwarded to the second argument.

// Note that this example serves only to show the logic of retry
// If you only want to increment a number, consider using an atomic counter, or Redis
utils.retry(function(callback) {
	return bucket.get(docId, function(err, data) {
		if (err) {
			if (err.code !== couchbase.errors.keyNotFound) return callback(err);
			return bucket.insert(docId, {
				views: 1,
			}, function(err) {
				return callback(err, 1);

		return bucket.replace(docId, data.value, {
			cas: data.cas,
		}, function(err) {
			return callback(err, data.value.views);
}, function(err, views) {
	if (err) throw err;

In this example, bucket.get and bucket.insert / bucket.replace are wrapped in the same retry call, so that if the document update fails, bucket.get is executed again, etc.

All accesses to Couchbase in this library are already wrapped in retry calls. For instance, you can safely do:

var multi = new utils.Multi();

multi.register(docId, function(data, callback) {
	if (data.err) return callback(data.err); = 'bar';
	return bucket.replace(docId, data.value, {
		cas: data.cas,
	}, callback);

multi.execute(function(err) {
	if (err) throw err;

Note that the registered handlers may therefore be called several times, e.g. in case of a CAS mismatch. Thus take care not to leak states between multiple calls to the same handler. By design, all handlers will be executed again in case of error.


Updates design documents from the filesystem, or removes those which don't exist anymore.

The directory containing the ddocs (options.ddocsPath at the instantiation) directly translates to a JS object, and should therefore have the following structure:

	<ddoc name>/
			<view name>/
			<view name>/
	<ddoc name>/

Consequently, map.js is mandatory and contains a top-level function, and reduce.js is optional and can contain a function or one of the built-in reduce functions (_count, _sum, _stats).

function(doc, meta) {
	if (doc.visible)
		emit(doc.layerIndex, doc.geometry);

In order to update a ddoc, a hook function (options.ddocsUpdateHook) is called, which asynchronously returns a boolean indicating whether the ddoc has to be updated. The function has the arguments (ddocName, localDdoc, remoteDdoc, callback) where the ddocs are JS objects. The default hook compares the local and the remote ddocs using a hash.

The same logic applies to a ddoc removal (options.ddocsRemoveHook). The arguments are (ddocName, remoteDdoc, callback). The default implementation removes the production views and leaves the development views.

ddocsRemoveHook: function(ddocName, remoteDdoc, callback) {
	return callback(null, (ddocName.lastIndexOf('dev_', 0) === -1));


For convenience, this function returns the hash of an object.

Tests & examples

Browse the repertory test to see actual usages of this library. The tests work both with the real and the mock implementation.


Copyright (c) 2015 Jonathan Giroux "Bloutiouf"

MIT License



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