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    Author message:

    🖕🖕🖕 Pkg has been moved to @mauron85/cordova-plugin-background-geolocation. Please update your dependencies.

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    3.0.1 • Public • Published


    Breaking changes

    Documentation has been updated to v3. Documentation for version 2.x can be found here.

    Plugin has been upgraded significantly since v2. Please read docs thoroughly.


    Please support my work and continued development with your donation.


    Submitting issues

    All new issues should follow instructions in A properly filled issue report will significantly reduce number of follow up questions and decrease issue resolving time. Most issues cannot be resolved without debug logs. Please try to isolate debug lines related to your issue. Instructions for how to prepare debug logs can be found in section Debugging. If you're reporting an app crash, debug logs might not contain all the necessary information about the cause of the crash. In that case, also provide relevant parts of output of adb logcat command.

    Android background service issues

    There are repeatedly reported issues with some android devices not working in the background. Check if your device model is on dontkillmyapp list before you report new issue. For more information check out


    Cross-platform geolocation for Cordova / PhoneGap with battery-saving "circular region monitoring" and "stop detection".

    This plugin can be used for geolocation when the app is running in the foreground or background. It is more battery and data efficient than html5 geolocation or cordova-geolocation plugin. It can be used side by side with other geolocation providers (eg. html5 navigator.geolocation).

    You can choose from two location location providers:


    See Which provider should I use? for more information about providers.

    Example Application

    Checkout repository cordova-plugin-background-geolocation-example.



    Installing the plugin

    cordova plugin add cordova-plugin-mauron85-background-geolocation

    You may also want to change default iOS permission prompts and set specific google play version and android support library version for compatibility with other plugins.

    Note: Always consult documentation of other plugins to figure out compatible versions.

    cordova plugin add cordova-plugin-mauron85-background-geolocation \
      --variable GOOGLE_PLAY_SERVICES_VERSION=11+ \
      --variable ALWAYS_USAGE_DESCRIPTION="App requires ..." \
      --variable MOTION_USAGE_DESCRIPTION="App requires motion detection"

    Or in config.xml:

    <plugin name="cordova-plugin-mauron85-background-geolocation">
      <variable name="GOOGLE_PLAY_SERVICES_VERSION" value="11+" />
      <variable name="ANDROID_SUPPORT_LIBRARY_VERSION" value="23+" />
      <variable name="ALWAYS_USAGE_DESCRIPTION" value="App requires background tracking enabled" />
      <variable name="MOTION_USAGE_DESCRIPTION" value="App requires motion detection" />

    Note: To apply changes, you must remove and reinstall plugin.

    Registering plugin for Adobe® PhoneGap™ Build

    This plugin should work with Adobe® PhoneGap™ Build without any modification. To register plugin add following line into your config.xml:

    <plugin name="cordova-plugin-mauron85-background-geolocation"/>

    Note: If you're using hydration, you have to download and reinstall your app with every new version of the plugin, as plugins are not updated.



    Plugin version Cordova CLI Cordova Platform Android Cordova Platform iOS
    <2.3.0 6.4.0 6.3.0 4.4.0
    >=2.3.0 7.1.0 6.3.0 4.4.0

    Please note that as of Cordova Android 6.0.0 icons are by default in mipmap/ directory not drawable/ directory, so this plugin will have a build issue on < 6.0.0 Cordova builds, you will need to update Authenticator.xml to drawable directory from mipmap directory to work on older versions.


    You will need to ensure that you have installed the following items through the Android SDK Manager:

    Name Version
    Android SDK Tools 26.0.2
    Android SDK Platform-tools 26.0.2
    Android SDK Build-tools 26.0.2
    Android Support Repository 47
    Android Support Library 26.1.0
    Google Play Services 11.8.0
    Google Repository 58

    Android is no longer supporting downloading support libraries through the SDK Manager. The support libraries are now available through Google's Maven repository.


    function onDeviceReady() {
        locationProvider: BackgroundGeolocation.ACTIVITY_PROVIDER,
        desiredAccuracy: BackgroundGeolocation.HIGH_ACCURACY,
        stationaryRadius: 50,
        distanceFilter: 50,
        notificationTitle: 'Background tracking',
        notificationText: 'enabled',
        debug: true,
        interval: 10000,
        fastestInterval: 5000,
        activitiesInterval: 10000,
        url: '',
        httpHeaders: {
          'X-FOO': 'bar'
        // customize post properties
        postTemplate: {
          lat: '@latitude',
          lon: '@longitude',
          foo: 'bar' // you can also add your own properties
      BackgroundGeolocation.on('location', function(location) {
        // handle your locations here
        // to perform long running operation on iOS
        // you need to create background task
        BackgroundGeolocation.startTask(function(taskKey) {
          // execute long running task
          // eg. ajax post location
          // IMPORTANT: task has to be ended by endTask
      BackgroundGeolocation.on('stationary', function(stationaryLocation) {
        // handle stationary locations here
      BackgroundGeolocation.on('error', function(error) {
        console.log('[ERROR] BackgroundGeolocation error:', error.code, error.message);
      BackgroundGeolocation.on('start', function() {
        console.log('[INFO] BackgroundGeolocation service has been started');
      BackgroundGeolocation.on('stop', function() {
        console.log('[INFO] BackgroundGeolocation service has been stopped');
      BackgroundGeolocation.on('authorization', function(status) {
        console.log('[INFO] BackgroundGeolocation authorization status: ' + status);
        if (status !== BackgroundGeolocation.AUTHORIZED) {
          // we need to set delay or otherwise alert may not be shown
          setTimeout(function() {
            var showSettings = confirm('App requires location tracking permission. Would you like to open app settings?');
            if (showSetting) {
              return BackgroundGeolocation.showAppSettings();
          }, 1000);
      BackgroundGeolocation.on('background', function() {
        console.log('[INFO] App is in background');
        // you can also reconfigure service (changes will be applied immediately)
        BackgroundGeolocation.configure({ debug: true });
      BackgroundGeolocation.on('foreground', function() {
        console.log('[INFO] App is in foreground');
        BackgroundGeolocation.configure({ debug: false });
      BackgroundGeolocation.on('abort_requested', function() {
        console.log('[INFO] Server responded with 285 Updates Not Required');
        // Here we can decide whether we want stop the updates or not.
        // If you've configured the server to return 285, then it means the server does not require further update.
        // So the normal thing to do here would be to `BackgroundGeolocation.stop()`.
        // But you might be counting on it to receive location updates in the UI, so you could just reconfigure and set `url` to null.
      BackgroundGeolocation.on('http_authorization', () => {
        console.log('[INFO] App needs to authorize the http requests');
      BackgroundGeolocation.checkStatus(function(status) {
        console.log('[INFO] BackgroundGeolocation service is running', status.isRunning);
        console.log('[INFO] BackgroundGeolocation services enabled', status.locationServicesEnabled);
        console.log('[INFO] BackgroundGeolocation auth status: ' + status.authorization);
        // you don't need to check status before start (this is just the example)
        if (!status.isRunning) {
          BackgroundGeolocation.start(); //triggers start on start event
      // you can also just start without checking for status
      // BackgroundGeolocation.start();
      // Don't forget to remove listeners at some point!
      // BackgroundGeolocation.removeAllListeners();
    document.addEventListener('deviceready', onDeviceReady, false);


    configure(options, success, fail)

    Configure options:

    Parameter Type Platform Description Provider* Default
    locationProvider Number all Set location provider @see PROVIDERS N/A DISTANCE_FILTER_PROVIDER
    desiredAccuracy Number all Desired accuracy in meters. Possible values [HIGH_ACCURACY, MEDIUM_ACCURACY, LOW_ACCURACY, PASSIVE_ACCURACY]. Accuracy has direct effect on power drain. Lower accuracy = lower power drain. all MEDIUM_ACCURACY
    stationaryRadius Number all Stationary radius in meters. When stopped, the minimum distance the device must move beyond the stationary location for aggressive background-tracking to engage. DIS 50
    debug Boolean all When enabled, the plugin will emit sounds for life-cycle events of background-geolocation! See debugging sounds table. all false
    distanceFilter Number all The minimum distance (measured in meters) a device must move horizontally before an update event is generated. @see Apple docs. DIS,RAW 500
    stopOnTerminate Boolean all Enable this in order to force a stop() when the application terminated (e.g. on iOS, double-tap home button, swipe away the app). all true
    startOnBoot Boolean Android Start background service on device boot. all false
    interval Number Android The minimum time interval between location updates in milliseconds. @see Android docs for more information. all 60000
    fastestInterval Number Android Fastest rate in milliseconds at which your app can handle location updates. @see Android docs. ACT 120000
    activitiesInterval Number Android Rate in milliseconds at which activity recognition occurs. Larger values will result in fewer activity detections while improving battery life. ACT 10000
    stopOnStillActivity Boolean Android @deprecated stop location updates, when the STILL activity is detected ACT true
    notificationsEnabled Boolean Android Enable/disable local notifications when tracking and syncing locations all true
    startForeground Boolean Android Allow location sync service to run in foreground state. Foreground state also requires a notification to be presented to the user. all false
    notificationTitle String optional Android Custom notification title in the drawer. (goes with startForeground) all "Background tracking"
    notificationText String optional Android Custom notification text in the drawer. (goes with startForeground) all "ENABLED"
    notificationIconColor String optional Android The accent color to use for notification. Eg. #4CAF50. (goes with startForeground) all
    notificationIconLarge String optional Android The filename of a custom notification icon. @see Android quirks. (goes with startForeground) all
    notificationIconSmall String optional Android The filename of a custom notification icon. @see Android quirks. (goes with startForeground) all
    activityType String iOS [AutomotiveNavigation, OtherNavigation, Fitness, Other] Presumably, this affects iOS GPS algorithm. @see Apple docs for more information all "OtherNavigation"
    pauseLocationUpdates Boolean iOS Pauses location updates when app is paused. *@see Apple docs all false
    saveBatteryOnBackground Boolean iOS Switch to less accurate significant changes and region monitory when in background all false
    url String all Server url where to send HTTP POST with recorded locations @see HTTP locations posting all
    syncUrl String all Server url where to send fail to post locations @see HTTP locations posting all
    syncThreshold Number all Specifies how many previously failed locations will be sent to server at once all 100
    httpHeaders Object all Optional HTTP headers sent along in HTTP request all
    maxLocations Number all Limit maximum number of locations stored into db all 10000
    postTemplate Object\|Array all Customization post template @see Custom post template all


    Partial reconfiguration is possible by later providing a subset of the configuration options:

      debug: true

    In this case new configuration options will be merged with stored configuration options and changes will be applied immediately.

    Important: Because configuration options are applied partially, it's not possible to reset option to default value just by emitting it's key name and calling configure method. To reset configuration option to the default value, it's key must be set to null!

    // Example: reset postTemplate to default
      postTemplate: null

    getConfig(success, fail)

    Platform: iOS, Android

    Get current configuration. Method will return all configuration options and their values in success callback. Because configure method can be called with subset of the configuration options only, getConfig method can be used to check the actual applied configuration.

    BackgroundGeolocation.getConfig(function(config) {


    Platform: iOS, Android

    Start background geolocation.


    Platform: iOS, Android

    Stop background geolocation.

    getCurrentLocation(success, fail, options)

    Platform: iOS, Android

    One time location check to get current location of the device.

    Option parameter Type Description
    timeout Number Maximum time in milliseconds device will wait for location
    maximumAge Number Maximum age in milliseconds of a possible cached location that is acceptable to return
    enableHighAccuracy Boolean if true and if the device is able to provide a more accurate position, it will do so
    Success callback parameter Type Description
    location Object location object (@see Location event)
    Error callback parameter Type Description
    code Number Reason of an error occurring when using the geolocating device
    message String Message describing the details of the error

    Error codes:

    Value Associated constant Description
    1 PERMISSION_DENIED Request failed due missing permissions
    2 LOCATION_UNAVAILABLE Internal source of location returned an internal error
    3 TIMEOUT Timeout defined by `option.timeout was exceeded

    isLocationEnabled(success, fail)

    Deprecated: This method is deprecated and will be removed in next major version. Use checkStatus as replacement.

    Platform: iOS, Android

    One time check for status of location services. In case of error, fail callback will be executed.

    Success callback parameter Type Description
    enabled Boolean true/false (true when location services are enabled)

    checkStatus(success, fail)

    Check status of the service

    Success callback parameter Type Description
    isRunning Boolean true/false (true if service is running)
    locationServicesEnabled Boolean true/false (true if location services are enabled)
    authorization Number authorization status

    Authorization statuses:

    • AUTHORIZED - authorization to run in background and foreground
    • AUTHORIZED_FOREGROUND iOS only authorization to run in foreground only

    Note: In the Android concept of authorization, these represent application permissions.


    Platform: Android >= 6, iOS >= 8.0

    Show app settings to allow change of app location permissions.


    Platform: Android

    Show system settings to allow configuration of current location sources.

    getLocations(success, fail)

    Platform: iOS, Android

    Method will return all stored locations. This method is useful for initial rendering of user location on a map just after application launch.

    Success callback parameter Type Description
    locations Array collection of stored locations
      function (locations) {

    getValidLocations(success, fail)

    Platform: iOS, Android

    Method will return locations which have not yet been posted to server.

    Success callback parameter Type Description
    locations Array collection of stored locations

    deleteLocation(locationId, success, fail)

    Platform: iOS, Android

    Delete location with locationId.

    deleteAllLocations(success, fail)

    Note: You don't need to delete all locations. The plugin manages the number of stored locations automatically and the total count never exceeds the number as defined by option.maxLocations.

    Platform: iOS, Android

    Delete all stored locations.

    Note: Locations are not actually deleted from database to avoid gaps in locationId numbering. Instead locations are marked as deleted. Locations marked as deleted will not appear in output of BackgroundGeolocation.getValidLocations.

    switchMode(modeId, success, fail)

    Platform: iOS

    Normally the plugin will handle switching between BACKGROUND and FOREGROUND mode itself. Calling switchMode you can override plugin behavior and force it to switch into other mode.

    In FOREGROUND mode the plugin uses iOS local manager to receive locations and behavior is affected by option.desiredAccuracy and option.distanceFilter.

    In BACKGROUND mode plugin uses significant changes and region monitoring to receive locations and uses option.stationaryRadius only.

    // switch to FOREGROUND mode
    // switch to BACKGROUND mode


    Platform: Android, iOS

    Force sync of pending locations. Option syncThreshold will be ignored and all pending locations will be immediately posted to syncUrl in single batch.

    getLogEntries(limit, fromId, minLevel, success, fail)

    Platform: Android, iOS

    Return all logged events. Useful for plugin debugging.

    Parameter Type Description
    limit Number limits number of returned entries
    fromId Number return entries after fromId. Useful if you plan to implement infinite log scrolling*
    minLevel String return log entries above level. Available levels: ["TRACE", "DEBUG", "INFO", "WARN", "ERROR]
    success Function callback function which will be called with log entries

    *Example of infinite log scrolling

    Format of log entry:

    Parameter Type Description
    id Number id of log entry as stored in db
    timestamp Number timestamp in milliseconds since beginning of UNIX epoch
    level String log level
    message String log message
    stackTrace String recorded stacktrace (Android only, on iOS part of message)


    Unregister all event listeners for given event. If parameter event is not provided then all event listeners will be removed.


    Name Callback param Platform Provider* Description
    location Location all all on location update
    stationary Location all DIS,ACT on device entered stationary mode
    activity Activity Android ACT on activity detection
    error { code, message } all all on plugin error
    authorization status all all on user toggle location service
    start all all geolocation has been started
    stop all all geolocation has been stopped
    foreground Android all app entered foreground state (visible)
    background Android all app entered background state
    abort_requested all all server responded with "285 Updates Not Required"
    http_authorization all all server responded with "401 Unauthorized"

    Location event

    Location parameter Type Description
    id Number ID of location as stored in DB (or null)
    provider String gps, network, passive or fused
    locationProvider Number location provider
    time Number UTC time of this fix, in milliseconds since January 1, 1970.
    latitude Number Latitude, in degrees.
    longitude Number Longitude, in degrees.
    accuracy Number Estimated accuracy of this location, in meters.
    speed Number Speed if it is available, in meters/second over ground.
    altitude Number Altitude if available, in meters above the WGS 84 reference ellipsoid.
    bearing Number Bearing, in degrees.
    isFromMockProvider Boolean (android only) True if location was recorded by mock provider
    mockLocationsEnabled Boolean (android only) True if device has mock locations enabled

    Locations parameters isFromMockProvider and mockLocationsEnabled are not posted to url or syncUrl by default. Both can be requested via option postTemplate.

    Note: Do not use location id as unique key in your database as ids will be reused when option.maxLocations is reached.

    Activity event

    Activity parameter Type Description
    confidence Number Percentage indicating the likelihood user is performing this activity.
    type String "IN_VEHICLE", "ON_BICYCLE", "ON_FOOT", "RUNNING", "STILL",

    Event listeners can registered with:

    const eventSubscription = BackgroundGeolocation.on('event', callbackFn);

    And unregistered:


    Note: Components should unregister all event listeners in componentWillUnmount method, individually, or with removeAllListeners

    HTTP locations posting

    All locations updates are recorded in the local db at all times. When the App is in foreground or background, in addition to storing location in local db, the location callback function is triggered. The number of locations stored in db is limited by option.maxLocations and never exceeds this number. Instead, old locations are replaced by new ones.

    When option.url is defined, each location is also immediately posted to url defined by option.url. If the post is successful, the location is marked as deleted in local db.

    When option.syncUrl is defined, all locations that fail to post locations will be coalesced and sent in some time later in a one single batch. Batch sync takes place only when the number of failed-to-post locations reaches option.syncTreshold. Locations are sent only in single batch, when the number of locations reaches option.syncTreshold. (No individual locations will be sent)

    The request body of posted locations is always an array, even when only one location is sent.

    Warning: option.maxLocations has to be larger than option.syncThreshold. It's recommended to be 2x larger. In any other case the location syncing might not work properly.

    Custom post template

    With option.postTemplate it is possible to specify which location properties should be posted to option.url or option.syncUrl. This can be useful to reduce the number of bytes sent "over the wire".

    All wanted location properties have to be prefixed with @. For all available properties check Location event.

    Two forms are supported:


      postTemplate: {
        lat: '@latitude',
        lon: '@longitude',
        foo: 'bar' // you can also add your own properties


      postTemplate: ['@latitude', '@longitude', 'foo', 'bar']

    Note: Keep in mind that all locations (even a single one) will be sent as an array of object(s), when postTemplate is jsonObject and array of array(s) for jsonArray!

    Android Headless Task (Experimental)

    A special task that gets executed when the app is terminated, but the plugin was configured to continue running in the background (option stopOnTerminate: false). In this scenario the Activity was killed by the system and all registered event listeners will not be triggered until the app is relaunched.

    Note: Prefer configuration options url and syncUrl over headless task. Use it sparingly!

    Task event

    Parameter Type Description String Name of the event [ "location", "stationary", "activity" ]
    event.params Object Event parameters. @see Events

    Keep in mind that the callback function lives in an isolated scope. Variables from a higher scope cannot be referenced!

    Following example requires CORS enabled backend server.

    BackgroundGeolocation.headlessTask(function(event) {
        if ( === 'location' ||
 === 'stationary') {
            var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
  'POST', '');
            xhr.setRequestHeader('Content-Type', 'application/json');
        return 'Processing event: ' +; // will be logged

    Example of backend server

    Background-geolocation-server is a backend server written in nodejs with CORS - Cross-Origin Resource Sharing support. There are instructions how to run it and simulate locations on Android, iOS Simulator and Genymotion.



    On iOS the plugin will execute your registered .on('location', callbackFn) callback function. You may manually POST the received Geolocation to your server using standard XHR. However for long running tasks, you need to wrap your code in startTask - endTask block.

    stationaryRadius (apply only for DISTANCE_FILTER_PROVIDER)

    The plugin uses iOS Significant Changes API, and starts triggering callbackFn only when a cell-tower switch is detected (i.e. the device exits stationary radius). The function switchMode is provided to force the plugin to enter "BACKGROUND" stationary or "FOREGROUND" mode.

    Plugin cannot detect the exact moment the device moves out of the stationary-radius. In normal conditions, it can take as much as 3 city-blocks to 1/2 km before stationary-region exit is detected.


    On Android devices it is recommended to have a notification in the drawer (option startForeground:true). This gives plugin location service higher priority, decreasing probability of OS killing it. Check wiki for explanation.

    Custom ROMs

    Plugin should work with custom ROMS at least DISTANCE_FILTER_PROVIDER. But ACTIVITY_PROVIDER provider depends on Google Play Services. Usually ROMs don't include Google Play Services libraries. Strange bugs may occur, like no GPS locations (only from network and passive) and other. When posting issue report, please mention that you're using custom ROM.


    Note: Following section was kindly copied from phonegap-plugin-push. Visit link for resolving issue with facebook plugin.

    If you have an issue compiling the app and you're getting an error similar to this ( Multiple dex files define):

    UNEXPECTED TOP-LEVEL EXCEPTION: Multiple dex files define Landroid/support/annotation/AnimRes;

    Then at least one other plugin you have installed is using an outdated way to declare dependencies such as android-support or play-services-gcm. This causes gradle to fail, and you'll need to identify which plugin is causing it and request an update to the plugin author, so that it uses the proper way to declare dependencies for cordova. See this for the reference on the cordova plugin specification, it'll be usefull to mention it when creating an issue or requesting that plugin to be updated.

    Common plugins to suffer from this outdated dependency management are plugins related to facebook, google+, notifications, crosswalk and google maps.

    Android Permissions

    Android 6.0 "Marshmallow" introduced a new permissions model where the user can turn on and off permissions as necessary. When user disallow location access permissions, error configure callback will be called with error code: 2.

    Notification icons

    Note: Only available for API Level >=21.

    To use custom notification icons, you need to put icons into res/drawable directory of your app. You can automate the process as part of after_platform_add hook configured via config.xml. Check config.xml and scripts/res_android.js of example app for reference.

    If you only want a single large icon, set notificationIconLarge to null and include your icon's filename in the notificationIconSmall parameter.

    With Adobe® PhoneGap™ Build icons must be placed into locales/android/drawable dir at the root of your project. For more information go to how-to-add-native-image-with-phonegap-build.

    Intel XDK

    Plugin will not work in XDK emulator ('Unimplemented API Emulation: BackgroundGeolocation.start' in emulator). But will work on real device.




    There is nice cordova plugin cordova-plugin-geofence, which does exactly that. Let's keep this plugin lightweight as much as possible.




    Apache License

    Copyright (c) 2013 Christopher Scott, Transistor Software

    Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

    The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.



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