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Environment-aware configuration.


Lead Maintainer: Shaun Warman

Simple, environment-based configuration. confit loads a default JSON configuration file, additionally loading environment-specific files, if applicable. It will also process the loaded files using any configured shortstop protocol handlers—see Options below.

confit adds support for adding JavaScript-style comments in your json files as each file is processed by shush before being merged into your config.

var confit = require('confit');
  • options (String | Object) - the base directory in which config files live or a configuration object. If no arguments is provided, defaults to the directory of the calling file. Signature function (err, config) {}
  • returns - config factory.
'use strict';
var path = require('path');
var confit = require('confit');
var basedir = path.join(__dirname, 'config');
confit(basedir).create(function (err, config) {
    config.get; // Function 
    config.set; // Function 
    config.use; // Function 
    config.get('env:env'); // 'development' 
  • addOverride(filepath) (or) addOverride(obj) - Use this to add file (.json or .js), to merge with the config datastore and override the overlapping data if any. Alternatively, you can also pass a json object to override.
  • addDefault(filepath) (or) addDefault(obj) - Use this to add default file (.json or .js), to merge with the config datastore and serve as the default datastore. Alternatively, you can also pass a json object for defaults.
  • create(callback) - Creates the config object, ready for use. Callback signature: function (err, config) {}
// All methods besides `create` are chainable 
    .addDefault('./mydefaults.json')  //or .addDefault({foo: 'bar'}) 
    .addOverride('./mysettings.json') //or .addOverride({foo: 'baz'}) 
    .create(function (err, config) {
        // ... 
// - or - 
// var factory = confit(options); 
// factory.addOverride('./mysettings.json'); 
// factory.create(function (err, config) { 
//     // ... 
// }); 
  • basedir (String) - the base directory in which config files can be found.
  • protocols (Object) - An object containing a mapping of shortstop protocols to either handler implementations or an array or handler implementations. These protocols will be used to process the config data prior to registration. If using an array of handler implementations, each handler is run in series (see Multiple handlers in the shortstop README).
  • defaults (String) - the name of the file containing all default values. Defaults to config.json.
'use strict';
var path = require('path');
var confit = require('confit');
var handlers = require('shortstop-handlers');
var options = {
    basedir: path.join(__dirname, 'config'),
    protocols: {
        file: handlers.file,
        glob: handlers.glob
confit(options).create(function (err, config) {
    // ... 
  • get(key) - Retrieve the value for a given key. Colon-delimited keys can be used to traverse the object hierarchy.
  • set(key, value) - Set a value for the given key. Colon-delimited keys can be used to traverse the object hierarchy.
  • use(obj) - merge provided object into config.
config.set('foo', 'bar');
config.get('foo'); // 'bar' 
config.use({ foo: 'baz' });
config.get('foo'); // 'baz' 
config.use({ a: { b: { c: 'd' } } } );
config.get('a:b:c'); // 'd' 

By default, confit loads process.env and argv values upon initialization. Additionally, it creates convenience environment properties prefixed with env: based on the current NODE_ENV setting, defaulting to development. It also normalizes NODE_ENV settings so values starting with prod become production, starting with stag become staging, starting with test become test and starting with dev become development.

// NODE_ENV='dev' 
config.get('NODE_ENV');        // 'dev' 
config.get('env:env');         // 'development' 
config.get('env:development'); // true 
config.get('env:test');        // false 
config.get('env:staging');     // false 
config.get('env:production');  // false 
// NODE_ENV='custom' 
config.get('NODE_ENV');        // 'custom' 
config.get('env:env');         // 'custom' 
config.get('env:development'); // false 
config.get('env:test');        // false 
config.get('env:staging');     // false 
config.get('env:production');  // false 
config.get('env:custom');      // true 

Precedence takes the following form (lower numbers overwrite higher numbers):

  1. command line arguments
  2. env variables
  3. environment-specific config (e.g., development.json)
  4. main config (config.json)
  5. env normalization (env, env:development, etc)

Confit by default comes with 2 shortstop handlers enabled.

  • import: Merges the contents of the specified file into configuration under a given key.
    "foo": "import:./myjsonfile"
  • config: Replaces with the value at a given key. Note that the keys in this case are dot (.) delimited.
    "foo": {
        "bar": true
    "foobar": ""