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clever-buffer

Buffer utilities

clever-buffer

Buffer write and read utilities.

CleverBuffer adds functionality that is missing from the node Buffer class

  • Keeps track of the offset for you
  • One time specification of endian-ness and whether to assert on buffer length
  • 64 bit integer support. We use ref under the hood for our 64 bit numbers
npm install clever-buffer

NOTE: Examples below in coffeescript

{ CleverBufferReader } = require 'clever-buffer'
  • existingBuffer Buffer
  • options
    • offset Number, Optional, Default: 0
    • noAssert Boolean, Optional, Default: true
    • bigEndian Boolean, Optional, Default: false

Allocates a new CleverBufferReader with an internal buffer of the specified existingBuffer

reader = new CleverBufferReader existingBuffer{offset:0noAssert: truebigEndian: false}
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Returns an Unsigned 8bit Integer from the current offset

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0x02]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getUInt8() # 255 
console.log reader.getUInt8() # 2 
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Returns a Signed 8bit Integer from the current offset

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0x02]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getInt8() # -1 
console.log reader.getInt8() # 2 
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Returns an Unsigned 16bit Integer from the current offset.

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0xFF0x020x00]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getUInt16() # 65535 
console.log reader.getUInt16() # 2 
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Returns a Signed 16bit Integer from the current offset

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0xFF0x020x00]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getInt16() # -1 
console.log reader.getInt16() # 2 
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Returns an Unsigned 32bit Integer from the current offset.

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0xFF0xFF0xFF]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getUInt32() # 4294967295 
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Returns a Signed 32bit Integer from the current offset

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0xFF0xFF0xFF]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getInt32() # -1 
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Returns an Unsigned 64bit Integer from the current offset.

The value will be returned as a string

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0xFF0xFF0xFF,0xFF0xFF0xFF0xFF]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getUInt64() # "18446744073709551615" 
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Returns a Signed 64bit Integer from the current offset

The value will be returned as a string

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0xFF0xFF0xFF,0xFF0xFF0xFF0xFF]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getInt64() # "-1" 
  • options Optional
    • length Number, Optional, Default: 0
    • offset Number, Optional, Default: current offset. If an offset is specified the current offset will not be incremented
    • encoding String, Optional, Default: 'utf-8'

Returns utf-8 encoded string of specified length

buf =  new Buffer [0x480x450x4C0x4C0x4F]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getString(length:5) # "HELLO" 
{ CleverBufferWriter } = require 'clever-buffer'
  • existingBuffer Buffer
  • options
    • offset Number, Optional, Default: 0
    • noAssert Boolean, Optional, Default: true
    • bigEndian Boolean, Optional, Default: false

Allocates a new CleverBufferWriter with an internal buffer of the specified existingBuffer

writer = new CleverBufferWriter existingBuffer{offset:0noAssert: truebigEndian: false}
  • value Number
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Writes an Unsigned 8bit Integer to the specified/current offset

buf = new Buffer 2
writer = new CleverBufferWriter buf
writer.writeUInt8 255
writer.writeUInt8 2
console.log buf # [0xFF, 0x02] 
  • value Number
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Writes an signed 8bit Integer to the specified/current offset

buf = new Buffer 2
writer = new CleverBufferWriter buf
writer.writeInt8 -1
writer.writeInt8 2
console.log buf # [0xFF, 0x02] 
  • value Number
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Writes an Unsigned 16bit Integer to the specified/current offset

buf = new Buffer 4
writer = new CleverBufferWriter buf
writer.writeUInt16 65535
writer.writeUInt16 2
console.log buf # [0xFF, 0xFF, 0x02, 0x00] 
  • value Number
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Writes an Signed 16bit Integer to the specified/current offset

buf = new Buffer 4
writer = new CleverBufferWriter buf
writer.writeInt16 -1
writer.writeInt16 2
console.log buf # [0xFF, 0xFF, 0x02, 0x00] 
  • value Number
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Writes an Unsigned 32bit Integer to the specified/current offset

buf = new Buffer 4
writer = new CleverBufferWriter buf
writer.writeUInt32 4294967295
console.log buf # [0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF] 
  • value Number
  • offset Number, Optional, Default: current buffer position

Writes an signed 32bit Integer to the specified/current offset

buf = new Buffer 4
writer = new CleverBufferWriter buf
writer.writeInt32 -1
console.log buf # [0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF] 
  • value String
  • options Optional
    • length Number, Optional, number of bytes to write. Note this can be greater than value.length for non ASCII encodings. If not specified, will default to the right number of bytes for the chosen encoding.
    • offset Number, Optional, Default: current offset. If an offset is specified the current offset will not be incremented
    • encoding String, Optional, Default: 'utf-8'
  • returns the number of bytes written

Writes string to the buffer

buf =  new Buffer 8
writer = new CleverBufferWriter buf
len = writer.writeString "héllo"
console.log lenbuf # 6, [0x68, 0xc3, 0xa9, 0x6c, 0x6c, 0x6f, 0x00, 0x00] 

The following is common to CleverBufferReader and CleverBufferWriter (The examples only show reader)

Gets the current offset of the buffer

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0x02]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getOffset() # 0 
reader.getUInt8()
console.log reader.getOffset() # 1 
reader.getUInt8()
console.log reader.getOffset() # 2   
  • bytes Number

Skips the current offset forward the specified bytes amount

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0x02]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getOffset() # 0 
reader.skip 2
console.log reader.getOffset() # 2   
  • offset Number

Skips to the specified offset

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0xFF0xFF0x01]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getOffset() # 0 
reader.skipTo 3
console.log reader.getOffset() # 3   

Will return the underlying buffer so you can perform actions directly on it

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0x02]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
console.log reader.getBuffer()[1# 2 

Will return a buffer slice from the start of the buffer to the current offset

buf = new Buffer [0xFF0x02]
reader = new CleverBufferReader buf
reader.getUInt8()
console.log reader.trim() # [0xFF] 
console.log buf           # [0xFF, 0x02] 
npm test