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chillout

5.0.0 • Public • Published

chillout.js

README (日本語)

Reduce CPU usage by non-blocking asynchronous loop and psychologically speed up to improve the user experience in JavaScript.

NPM Version Build Status Bundle Size (minified) GitHub License

Table of contents

Overview

Unlike general accelerate way of the "to shorten the processing time physically", chillout.js speed up the JavaScript loops psychologically by reduce CPU usage and release resources to improve user experience.

In order to improve slow processing

We feel stress when page load or processing is slow and the screen is lagging. Moreover, there is a risk that the machine will down due to overheating because it can't keep up CPU cooling when continues running the heavy-load application with high CPU utilization rate.

How to reduce CPU load in JavaScript?

Most of the slow processing is caused by looping that have deep nested looping. If we think simply, it should wait for a little time like "sleep" in the looping, but we can't wait, because JavaScript have not "sleep" function. Then how to sleep in JavaScript? We can sleep by using setTimeout or process.nextTick with Promise in "asynchronous" processing.

Speed up the JavaScript loops psychologically not physically

We can feel like "fast" or "interesting" psychologically by relieving user stress, even if the processing is slow if your application or game will used by humans not AI.

About chillout.js

Provides asynchronous iteration functions that have a Promise based interface and it can run with low CPU usage. In most cases, you can reduce the CPU usage by using the non-blocking loop of chillout.js API instead native JavaScript loops in your code, but you need to change it to asynchronous loops.

Chillout.js adds a little delay on each iteration if the processing is slow to maintain the CPU stability, and it continues iterate without delay if processing is fast. Therefore, it will realize friendly processing for your machine. And, it can execute JavaScript without "Warning: Unresponsive Script" alert in the browser.

Chillout.js is a standalone library, and you can use it in the most of JavaScript environments (Browser, Electron, Node.js etc.).

Installation

npm

$ npm install chillout

CDN

chillout.js is available on jsdelivr.com and cdnjs.com.

Usage

var chillout = require('chillout');
 
chillout.forEach([1, 2, 3], function(value) {
  console.log(value);
}).then(function() {
  console.log('done');
});
 
// 1
// 2
// 3
// 'done'

Object chillout is defined in the global scope if running in the browser window. ( window.chillout )

Compatibility

The limiting factor for browser/node support is the use of Promise.
You can use es6-shim or other Promise polyfills.

async / await

You can write more simply using by async/await syntax.

Because all APIs in chillout.js return Promise, it is easy to handle with async/await.

Benchmarks

Benchmarks the ForStatement and chillout.repeat.

function heavyProcess() {
  var v;
  for (var i = 0; i < 5000; i++) {
    for (var j = 0; j < 5000; j++) {
      v = i * j;
    }
  }
  return v;
}

ForStatement

var time = Date.now();
for (var i = 0; i < 1000; i++) {
  heavyProcess();
}
var processingTime = Date.now() - time;
console.log(processingTime);

CPU usage without chillout

  • Processing time: 107510ms.
  • CPU usage on Node process (Average): 97.13%

chillout.repeat

var time = Date.now();
chillout.repeat(1000, function(i) {
  heavyProcess();
}).then(function() {
  var processingTime = Date.now() - time;
  console.log(processingTime);
});

CPU usage with chillout

  • Processing time: 138432ms.
  • CPU usage on Node process (Average): 73.88%

Benchmark Result

CPU usage with chillout

  ForStatement chillout.repeat
Processing time 107510ms. 138432ms.
CPU usage on Node process (Average) 97.13% 73.88%

You can confirm that chillout.repeat is running on a more low CPU usage than ForStatement.

chillout.js can run JavaScript in a natural speed with low CPU usage, but processing speed will be a bit slow.

One of the most important thing of performance in JavaScript, that is not numeric speed, but is to execute without causing stress to the user experience.

(Benchmarks: chillout v3.1.2, Windows8.1 / Intel(R) Atom(TM) CPU Z3740 1.33GHz)

Run Benchmark

You can test benchmark with npm run benchmark.


API

forEach

Executes a provided function once per array or object element.
The iteration will break if the callback function returns chillout.StopIteration, or an error occurs.
This method can be called like JavaScript Array forEach.

  • chillout.forEach ( obj, callback [, context ] )
    • @param {array|object} obj Target array or object
    • @param {function} callback Function to execute for each element, taking three arguments:
      • value: The current element being processed in the array/object
      • key: The key of the current element being processed in the array/object
      • obj: The array/object that forEach is being applied to
    • @param {object} [context] Value to use as this when executing callback
    • @return {promise} Return new Promise

Example of array iteration:

var values = ['a', 'b', 'c'];
 
chillout.forEach(values, function(value, key, obj) {
  console.log(value);
}).then(function() {
  console.log('done');
});
 
// 'a'
// 'b'
// 'c'
// 'done'

Example of object iteration:

var values = {
  a: 1,
  b: 2,
  c: 3
};
 
chillout.forEach(values, function(value, key, obj) {
  console.log(key + ':' + value);
}).then(function() {
  console.log('done');
});
 
// 'a:1'
// 'b:2'
// 'c:3'
// 'done'

Example iteration using async / await:

Output all file contents, and finally output 'done'.

async function getFileContents(url) {
  const response = await fetch(url);
  return response.text();
}
 
// Passing an async function as a callback in chillout.forEach
async function logFiles() {
  const files = ['/file1.txt', '/file2.txt', '/file3.txt'];
  await chillout.forEach(files, async url => {
    const contents = await getFileContents(url);
    console.log(contents);
  });
  console.log('done');
}
 
logFiles();

repeat

Executes a provided function the specified number times.
The iteration will break if the callback function returns chillout.StopIteration, or an error occurs.
This method can be called like JavaScript for statement.

  • chillout.repeat ( count, callback [, context ] )
    • @param {number|object} count The number of times or object for execute the function
      Following parameters are available if specify object:
      • start: The number of start
      • step: The number of step
      • done: The number of done
    • @param {function} callback Function to execute for each times, taking one argument:
      • i: The current number
    • @param {object} [context] Value to use as this when executing callback
    • @return {promise} Return new Promise

Example of specify number:

chillout.repeat(5, function(i) {
  console.log(i);
}).then(function() {
  console.log('done');
});
 
// 0
// 1
// 2
// 3
// 4
// 'done'

Example of specify object:

chillout.repeat({ start: 10, step: 2, done: 20 }, function(i) {
  console.log(i);
}).then(function() {
  console.log('done');
});
 
// 10
// 12
// 14
// 16
// 18
// 'done'

Example iteration using async / await:

Output the user data from /api/users/0 to api/users/9, and finally output 'done'.

async function getUser(userId) {
  const response = await fetch(`/api/users/${userId}`);
  return response.json();
}
 
// Passing an async function as a callback in chillout.repeat
async function logUsers() {
  await chillout.repeat(10, async i => {
    const user = await getUser(i);
    console.log(user);
  });
  console.log('done');
}
 
logUsers();

until

Executes a provided function until the callback returns chillout.StopIteration, or an error occurs.
This method can be called like JavaScript while (true) { ... } statement.

  • chillout.until ( callback [, context ] )
    • @param {function} callback The function that is executed for each iteration
    • @param {object} [context] Value to use as this when executing callback
    • @return {promise} Return new Promise
var i = 0;
chillout.until(function() {
  console.log(i);
  i++;
  if (=== 5) {
    return chillout.StopIteration; // break loop
  }
}).then(function() {
  console.log('done');
});
 
// 0
// 1
// 2
// 3
// 4
// 'done'

Example iteration using async / await:

Watch for files changes, and finally output file changed contents.

// Sleep until msec
function sleep(msec) {
  return new Promise(resolve => setTimeout(resolve, msec));
}
 
async function getFileContents(url) {
  const response = await fetch(url);
  return response.text();
}
 
// Passing an async function as a callback in chillout.until
async function logNewFileContents() {
  let previous = null;
  let contents = null;
  await chillout.until(async () => {
    contents = await getFileContents('./file1.txt');
    if (previous === null) {
      previous = contents;
    }
    if (contents !== previous) {
      console.log('file changed!');
      return chillout.StopIteration; // break loop
    }
    await sleep(1000);
  });
  console.log(contents);
  previous = contents;
}
 
logNewFileContents();

waitUntil

Executes a provided function until the callback returns chillout.StopIteration, or an error occurs.
This method can be called like JavaScript while (true) { ... } statement, and it works same as until, but it executes tasks with more slowly interval than until to reduce CPU load.
This method is useful when you want to wait until some processing done.

  • chillout.waitUntil ( callback [, context ] )
    • @param {function} callback The function that is executed for each iteration
    • @param {object} [context] Value to use as this when executing callback
    • @return {promise} Return new Promise
chillout.waitUntil(function() {
  // Wait until the DOM body element is loaded
  if (document.body) {
    return chillout.StopIteration; // break loop
  }
}).then(function() {
  document.body.innerHTML += 'body loaded';
});

Example to wait until some processing is done.

someProcessing();
chillout.waitUntil(function() {
  if (isSomeProcessingDone) {
    return chillout.StopIteration; // break loop
  }
}).then(function() {
  nextProcessing();
});

forOf

Iterates the iterable objects, similar to the for-of statement.
Executes a provided function once per element.
The iteration will break if the callback function returns chillout.StopIteration, or an error occurs.

  • chillout.forOf ( iterable, callback [, context ] )
    • @param {array|string|object} iterable Target iterable objects
    • @param {function} callback Function to execute for each element, taking one argument:
      • value: A value of a property on each iteration
    • @param {object} [context] Value to use as this when executing callback
    • @return {promise} Return new Promise

Example of iterate array:

chillout.forOf([1, 2, 3], function(value) {
  console.log(value);
}).then(function() {
  console.log('done');
});
 
// 1
// 2
// 3
// 'done'

Example of iterate string:

chillout.forOf('abc', function(value) {
  console.log(value);
}).then(function() {
  console.log('done');
});
 
// 'a'
// 'b'
// 'c'
// 'done'

Comparison Table

You can reduce the CPU load by using the chillout.js API instead native JavaScript loops in your application.

Examples:

JavaScript Statement chillout
[1, 2, 3].forEach(function(v, i) {}) chillout.forEach([1, 2, 3], function(v, i) {})
for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {} chillout.repeat(5, function(i) {})
for (i = 10; i < 20; i += 2) {} chillout.repeat({ start: 10, step: 2, done: 20 }, function(i) {})
while (true) {} chillout.until(function() {})
while (cond()) {
  doSomething();
}
chillout.until(function() {
  if (!cond()) return chillout.StopIteration;
  doSomething();
})
for (value of [1, 2, 3]) {} chillout.forOf([1, 2, 3], function(value) {})

(You can write more simply using by async / await syntax because chillout.js' all APIs return Promise.)

Contributing

We're waiting for your pull requests and issues. Don't forget to execute npm run test before requesting. Accepted only requests without errors.

License

MIT

Install

npm i chillout

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

247

Version

5.0.0

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

50 kB

Total Files

13

Last publish

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