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    cdk-lambda-subminute
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    2.0.19 • Public • Published

    cdk-lambda-subminute

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    This construct creates a state machine that can invoke a Lambda function per time unit which can be less than one minute, such as invoking every 10 seconds. You only need to craft a Lambda function and then assign it as an argument into the construct. An example is included.

    Serverless Architecture

    Introduction

    This construct library is reffered to thie AWS Architecture blog post, A serverless solution for invoking AWS Lambda at a sub-minute frequency, written by Emanuele Menga. I made it as a constrcut library where you only need to care about a target Lambda function, how frequent and how long you want to execute.

    Example

    Typescript

    You could also refer to here.

    $ cdk --init language typescript
    $ yarn add cdk-lambda-subminute
    class TypescriptStack extends cdk.Stack {
      constructor(scope: cdk.Construct, id: string, props?: cdk.StackProps) {
        super(scope, id, props);
    
        const targetLabmda = new Function(this, 'targetFunction', {
          code: Code.fromInline('exports.handler = function(event, ctx, cb) { return cb(null, "hi"); })'), // It's just a simple function for demonstration purpose only.
          functionName: 'testTargetFunction',
          runtime: Runtime.NODEJS_12_X,
          handler: 'index.handler',
        });
        const cronJobExample = 'cron(50/1 15-17 ? * SUN-SAT *)';
        const subminuteMaster = new LambdaSubminute(this, 'LambdaSubminute', { targetFunction: targetLabmda, cronjobExpression: cronJobExample });
    
        new cdk.CfnOutput(this, 'OStateMachineArn', { value: subminuteMaster.stateMachineArn });
        new cdk.CfnOutput(this, 'OIteratorFunctionArn', { value: subminuteMaster.iteratorFunction.functionArn });
      }
    }
    
    const app = new cdk.App();
    new TypescriptStack(app, 'TypescriptStack', {
    });

    Python

    You could also refer to here.

    # upgrading related Python packages
    $ python -m ensurepip --upgrade
    $ python -m pip install --upgrade pip
    $ python -m pip install --upgrade virtualenv
    # initialize a CDK Python project
    $ cdk init --language python
    # make packages installed locally instead of globally
    $ source .venv/bin/activate
    $ cat <<EOL > requirements.txt
    aws-cdk.core
    aws-cdk.aws-lambda
    cdk-lambda-subminute
    EOL
    $ python -m pip install -r requirements.txt
    from aws_cdk import core as cdk
    from aws_cdk.aws_lambda import Code, Function, Runtime
    from cdk_lambda_subminute import LambdaSubminute
    
    class PythonStack(cdk.Stack):
        def __init__(self, scope: cdk.Construct, construct_id: str, **kwargs) -> None:
            super().__init__(scope, construct_id, **kwargs)
    
            target_lambda = Function(
                self, "targetFunction",
                code=Code.from_inline(
                    "exports.handler = function(event, ctx, cb) { return cb(null, \"hi\"); })"),
                function_name="testTargetFunction",
                runtime=Runtime.NODEJS_12_X,
                handler="index.handler"
            )
            cron_job_example = "cron(10/1 4-5 ? * SUN-SAT *)"
            subminute_master = LambdaSubminute(
                self, "LambdaSubminute",
                target_function=target_lambda,
                cronjob_expression=cron_job_example,
                frequency=7,
                interval_time=8)
    
            cdk.CfnOutput(self, "OStateMachineArn",
                          value=subminute_master.state_machine_arn)
            cdk.CfnOutput(self, "OIteratorFunctionArn",
                          value=subminute_master.iterator_function.function_arn)
    $ deactivate

    Java

    You could also refer to here.

    $ cdk init --language java
    $ mvn package
    .
    .
    <properties>
          <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
          <cdk.version>1.105.0</cdk.version>
          <constrcut.verion>0.1.6</constrcut.verion>
          <junit.version>5.7.1</junit.version>
    </properties>
     .
     .
     <dependencies>
         <!-- AWS Cloud Development Kit -->
          <dependency>
                <groupId>software.amazon.awscdk</groupId>
                <artifactId>core</artifactId>
                <version>${cdk.version}</version>
          </dependency>
          <dependency>
                <groupId>software.amazon.awscdk</groupId>
                <artifactId>lambda</artifactId>
                <version>${cdk.version}</version>
          </dependency>
          <dependency>
                <groupId>io.github.hsiehshujeng</groupId>
                <artifactId>cdk-lambda-subminute</artifactId>
                <version>${constrcut.verion}</version>
          </dependency>
         .
         .
         .
     </dependencies>
    package com.myorg;
    
    import software.amazon.awscdk.core.CfnOutput;
    import software.amazon.awscdk.core.CfnOutputProps;
    import software.amazon.awscdk.core.Construct;
    import software.amazon.awscdk.core.Stack;
    import software.amazon.awscdk.core.StackProps;
    import software.amazon.awscdk.services.lambda.Code;
    import software.amazon.awscdk.services.lambda.Function;
    import software.amazon.awscdk.services.lambda.FunctionProps;
    import software.amazon.awscdk.services.lambda.Runtime;
    import io.github.hsiehshujeng.cdk.lambda.subminute.LambdaSubminute;
    import io.github.hsiehshujeng.cdk.lambda.subminute.LambdaSubminuteProps;
    
    public class JavaStack extends Stack {
        public JavaStack(final Construct scope, final String id) {
            this(scope, id, null);
        }
    
        public JavaStack(final Construct scope, final String id, final StackProps props) {
            super(scope, id, props);
    
            Function targetLambda = new Function(this, "targetFunction", 
              FunctionProps.builder()
                  .code(Code.fromInline("exports.handler = function(event, ctx, cb) { return cb(null, \"hi\"); })"))
                  .functionName("estTargetFunction")
                  .runtime(Runtime.NODEJS_12_X)
                  .handler("index.handler")
                  .build());
            String cronJobExample = "cron(50/1 4-5 ? * SUN-SAT *)";
            LambdaSubminute subminuteMaster = new LambdaSubminute(this, "LambdaSubminute", LambdaSubminuteProps.builder()
                  .targetFunction(targetLambda)
                  .cronjobExpression(cronJobExample)
                  .frequency(6)
                  .intervalTime(9)
                  .build());
    
            new CfnOutput(this, "OStateMachineArn",
                    CfnOutputProps.builder()
                      .value(subminuteMaster.getStateMachineArn())
                      .build());
            new CfnOutput(this, "OIteratorFunctionArn",
                    CfnOutputProps.builder()
                      .value(subminuteMaster.getIteratorFunction().getFunctionName())
                      .build());
        }
    }

    C#

    You could also refer to here.

    $ cdk init --language csharp
    $ dotnet add src/Csharp package Amazon.CDK.AWS.Lambda
    $ dotnet add src/Csharp package Lambda.Subminute --version 0.1.6
    using Amazon.CDK;
    using Amazon.CDK.AWS.Lambda;
    using ScottHsieh.Cdk;
    
    namespace Csharp
    {
        public class CsharpStack : Stack
        {
            internal CsharpStack(Construct scope, string id, IStackProps props = null) : base(scope, id, props)
            {
                var targetLambda = new Function(this, "targetFunction", new FunctionProps
                {
                    Code = Code.FromInline("exports.handler = function(event, ctx, cb) { return cb(null, \"hi\"); })"),
                    FunctionName = "testTargetFunction",
                    Runtime = Runtime.NODEJS_12_X,
                    Handler = "index.handler"
                });
                string cronJobExample = "cron(50/1 6-7 ? * SUN-SAT *)";
                var subminuteMaster = new LambdaSubminute(this, "LambdaSubminute", new LambdaSubminuteProps
                {
                    TargetFunction = targetLambda,
                    CronjobExpression = cronJobExample,
                    Frequency = 10,
                    IntervalTime = 6,
                });
            
                new CfnOutput(this, "OStateMachineArn", new CfnOutputProps
                {
                    Value = subminuteMaster.StateMachineArn
                });
                new CfnOutput(this, "OIteratorFunctionArn", new CfnOutputProps
                {
                    Value = subminuteMaster.IteratorFunction.FunctionArn
                });
            }
        }
    }

    Statemachine Diagram

    image

    Known issue

    Originally, I utilized PythonFuncion in the module of @aws-cdk/aws-lambda-python to build the iterator Lambda function. Every thing works fine, including test, on my local machine (MacBook Pro M1), until it comes to the CI in Github Actions, it awlays gave me the following message:

    ## cdk version: 1.105.0 (build 4813992)
    Bundling did not produce any output. Check that content is written to /asset-output.
    
          64 |     }));
          65 |
        > 66 |     this.function = new PythonFunction(this, 'Iterator', {
             |                     ^
          67 |       functionName: 'lambda-subminute-iterator',
          68 |       description: 'A function for breaking the limit of 1 minute with the CloudWatch Rules.',
          69 |       logRetention: RetentionDays.THREE_MONTHS,
    
          at AssetStaging.bundle (node_modules/@aws-cdk/core/lib/asset-staging.ts:484:13)
          at AssetStaging.stageByBundling (node_modules/@aws-cdk/core/lib/asset-staging.ts:328:10)
          at stageThisAsset (node_modules/@aws-cdk/core/lib/asset-staging.ts:194:35)
          at Cache.obtain (node_modules/@aws-cdk/core/lib/private/cache.ts:24:13)
          at new AssetStaging (node_modules/@aws-cdk/core/lib/asset-staging.ts:219:44)
          at new Asset (node_modules/@aws-cdk/aws-s3-assets/lib/asset.ts:127:21)
          at AssetCode.bind (node_modules/@aws-cdk/aws-lambda/lib/code.ts:277:20)
          at new Function (node_modules/@aws-cdk/aws-lambda/lib/function.ts:583:29)
          at new PythonFunction (node_modules/@aws-cdk/aws-lambda-python/lib/function.ts:106:5)
          at new IteratorLambda (src/cdk-lambda-subminute.ts:66:21)
          at new LambdaSubminute (src/cdk-lambda-subminute.ts:25:22)
          at Object.<anonymous>.test (test/integ.test.ts:23:3)

    I actually have tried many different methods according to the following threads but to no avail. I'll attempt to test some thoughts or just post the issue onto the CDK Github repo.

    Install

    npm i cdk-lambda-subminute

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    522

    Version

    2.0.19

    License

    Apache-2.0

    Unpacked Size

    299 kB

    Total Files

    18

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • scott.hsieh