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cancellation-context

0.2.11 • Public • Published

cancellation-context

Promise-cancellation made easy. Cancel one or more promises in a given context.

Install

npm i cancellation-context

Usage

Create a new context by calling the exported factory function.

const CancellationContext = require('cancellation-context');
const context = CancellationContext();

Once you have a context, you can create new "cancellable-promise" instances within that context by calling context.Cancellable with promise-thunk factory.

Note: Promises are eager by design and don't naturally lend themselve to cancellation. As such, arbitrary promises are not cancellable and the onus is the author to write cancellable promise implementations. No library, including this one, will be able to solve for that unless there are some fundamental changes to the JavaScript spec.

The cancellation-context library attempts to make the authoring of cancellable-promises as easy as possible by designing around the idea of promise-thunks.

The recommended pattern is as follows:

CancellableFactory = ({{ ...args }}) => onCancel => {{ promise }};

For example...

const context = require('cancellation-context')();

const MyCancellableFactory = msg => onCancel => new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    const t = setTimeout(() => resolve(msg), 1000);
    onCancel(reason => {
        clearTimeout(t);
        resolve(reason);
    });
});

(async () => {
    const myCancellable = context.Cancellable(MyCancellableFactory('success!'));
    setTimeout(() => myCancellable.cancel('cancelled!'), 500);
    console.log(await myCancellable); // => 'cancelled!'
})();

By leveraging a thunk pattern, you can maintain composability while supporting the need for an onCancel hook.

API

cancellation-context

module.exports ⇒ CancellationContext

Factory function for creating CancellationContext instances.

Kind: Exported member

module.exports~CancellationContext

Kind: inner class of module.exports
See: CancellationContextFactory

new CancellationContext()

CancellationContext is a private class. Use exported CancellationContextFactory function for instantiation.

module.exports~CancellationError

Kind: inner class of module.exports
Implements: Error

new CancellationError()

An error class used for indicating cancellation events.

module.exports~TimeoutError

Kind: inner class of module.exports
Implements: Error

new TimeoutError()

An error class used for indicating timeout events.

module.exports~Cancellable(PromiseThunkFactory) ⇒ CancellablePromise

Given a PromiseThunkFactory which accepts on onCancel hook, returns a CancellablePromise.

Kind: inner method of module.exports
Returns: CancellablePromise - A CancellablePromise is a promise with an additional cancel method attached.

Param Type
PromiseThunkFactory function

module.exports~Perishable(PromiseThunkFactory) ⇒ PerishablePromise

Given a PromiseThunkFactory which accepts on onCancel hook, returns a PerishablePromise.

Kind: inner method of module.exports
Returns: PerishablePromise - A PerishablePromise is a CancellablePromise which will be automatically cancelled after a specified amount of time.

Param Type
PromiseThunkFactory function

module.exports~cancel(promise, reason) ⇒ void

Given promise and reason calls canceller on promise with reason.

Kind: inner method of module.exports

Param Type Description
promise Promise CancellablePromise to be cancelled
reason 'string' | 'Error' reason for cancellation

module.exports~cancelAll(reason) ⇒ void

Calls cancel method with reason on every CancellablePromise associated with the context instance.

Kind: inner method of module.exports

Param Type Description
reason 'string' | 'Error' reason for cancellation

module.exports~delay(ms) ⇒ function

A cancellable delay implementation which resolves after given number of milliseconds.

Kind: inner method of module.exports
Returns: function - Returns function which accepts onCancel hook.

Param Type Description
ms number Number of milliseconds to wait

Example

const cancellableDelay = context.Cancellable(context.delay(1500));
setTimeout(() => cancellableDelay.cancel(), 1000);
await cancellableDelay;

module.exports~timeout(ms) ⇒ function

A cancellable timeout implementation which resolves after given number of milliseconds.

Kind: inner method of module.exports
Returns: function - Returns function which accepts onCancel hook.

Param Type Description
ms number Number of milliseconds to wait

Example

const cancellableTimeout = context.Cancellable(context.delay(1500));
setTimeout(() => cancellableTimeout.cancel(), 1000);
await cancellableTimeout;

module.exports~CancellableDelay(ms) ⇒ function

A CancellableFactory which resolves after given number of milliseconds.

Kind: inner method of module.exports
Returns: function - Returns function which accepts onCancel hook.

Param Type Description
ms number Number of milliseconds to wait

Example

const cancellableDelay = context.CancellableDelay(1500));
setTimeout(() => cancellableDelay.cancel(), 1000);
await cancellableDelay;

module.exports~CancellableTimeout(ms) ⇒ function

A CancellableFactory which rejects after given number of milliseconds.

Kind: inner method of module.exports
Returns: function - Returns function which accepts onCancel hook.

Param Type Description
ms number Number of milliseconds to wait

Example

const cancellableTimeout = context.CancellableTimeout(1500));
setTimeout(() => cancellableTimeout.cancel(), 1000);
await cancellableTimeout;

module.exports~PerishableTimeout(ms, ttl) ⇒ function

A PerishableFactory which rejects after given number of milliseconds.

Kind: inner method of module.exports
Returns: function - Returns function which accepts onCancel hook.

Param Type Description
ms number Number of milliseconds to wait
ttl number Number of milliseconds until cancelled

Example

const cancellableTimeout = context.PerishableTimeout(1500, 1000);
await cancellableTimeout;

module.exports~PerishableDelay(ms, ttl) ⇒ function

A PerishableFactory which resolves after given number of milliseconds.

Kind: inner method of module.exports
Returns: function - Returns function which accepts onCancel hook.

Param Type Description
ms number Number of milliseconds to wait
ttl number Number of milliseconds until cancelled

Example

const cancellableDelay = context.PerishableDelay(1500, 1000);
await cancellableDelay;

Examples

Cancellable Delay

const context = require('cancellation-context')();
 
(async () => {
 
    try {
        const ttl = 1000; // try increasing to 10000
        console.log(await context.PerishableTimeout(1500, ttl).then(() => 'success'));
    } catch (e) {
        console.error('Boom!', e);
    }
 
})();

Manual Cancellation

const context = require('cancellation-context')();
 
const sleep = ms => onCancel => {
    return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
        const t = setTimeout(() => resolve('success'), ms);
        onCancel(error => {
            clearTimeout(t);
            reject(error);
        });
    });
};
 
(async () => {
 
    try {
        const promise = context.Cancellable(sleep(1500));
        const handle = setTimeout(() => context.cancel(promise), 1000); // try increasing to 10000
        console.log('Success!', await promise);
        clearTimeout(handle);
    } catch (e) {
        console.error('Boom!', e);
    }
 
})();

Async Iterables

const context = require('cancellation-context')();
 
(async () => {
 
    async function* loop() {
        while (true) {
            const promises = [
                context.CancellableTimeout(500).then(() => (console.log('done'), 'success')),
                context.CancellableTimeout(1000).then(() => (console.log('done'), 'success')),
                context.CancellableTimeout(1500).then(() => (console.log('done'), 'success'))
            ];
            yield await Promise.all(promises);
        }
    }
 
    setTimeout(() => context.cancelAll(), 4000);
 
    try {
        for await (const result of loop()) {
            console.log(result);
        }
    } catch (e) {
        context.cancelAll();
        console.error('Boom!', e);
    }
 
})();

install

npm i cancellation-context

Downloadsweekly downloads

71

version

0.2.11

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

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