camfou-modinha

    0.4.0 • Public • Published

    Modinha

    Actions Status License npm Coverage Status semantic-release

    Modinha is a toolkit for creating persisted models. This is for programmers who like to work from the bottom up, building up persistence code from low level drivers, such as node_redis. Modinha provides:

    • Schema-based validation
    • Model inheritance
    • Model extension (mixins)
    • Flexible serialization/deserialization
    • Literal and functional default value definition
    • Private value protection
    • Selection (initialize a subset of an object)
    • Mapping (initialize an object from a different data model)
    • Optional null values (normalize empty query results)
    • More

    Installation and Usage

    Install

    $ npm install camfou-modinha

    Require

    var Modinha = require('camfou-modinha');

    Define a model based on a schema

    var Account = Modinha.define({
      _id: { type: 'string', default: Modinha.default.uuid },
      name: { type: 'string' },
      email: { type: 'string', required: true, format: 'email' },
      hash: { type: 'string', required: true, private: true },
      created: { type: 'string', default: Modinha.default.timestamp, format: 'utc-millisec' }
    })

    Modinha.define() optionally takes a collection name as the first argument and will assign the value of that argument to the new model's static collection property.

    Modinha.define('accounts', schema)

    Create an instance

    var account = new Account({ email: 'john@smith.com' }, options)

    Validation

    Validate an uninitialized object against the model's schema.

    Account.validate({...})

    Validate an instance.

    var account = new Account({...})
    var validation = account.validate()

    Initializing Objects

    Like the constructor, a model's static initialize method takes data and options arguments.

    With a null or undefined data argument, initialize will return an instance of the model with default values.

    Account.initialize()

    For cases where this is undesirable, such as initializing database results, use the nullify option

    Account.initialize(undefined, { nullify: true })

    Like the constructor, initialize will set any properties you provide that are defined in the schema.

    Account.initialize({ email: 'john@example.com' })

    Default values will not be set if values for the property are provided.

    Account.initialize({ _id: '...', email: 'john@example.com' })

    Properties not defined in the schema are ignored.

    Account.initialize({ hacker: 'p0wn3d' })

    Private schema properties are also ignored by default. This is to prevent accidental disclosure of sensitive values, such as hashed passwords. To include private values in an instance, set the private option to true.

    Account.initialize({ hash: 'secret', ... }, { private: true })

    Unlike the constructor, the static initialize method can also instantiate multiple objects in one call, parse json, and any combination of the two.

    Account.initialize([{...},{...},{...}])
    Account.initialize('{ "json": true }')
    Account.initialize('[{},{},{}]')
    Account.initialize(['{}', '{}'])

    Collections

    Running initialize against a set of objects will return a ModelCollection, an object which extends the Javascript Array object and provides Model-specific functionality that will apply across all the items in the collection.

    For example,

    Account.initialize([{...},{...},{...}])

    will return a ModelCollection with three Account instances.

    Currently, the ModelCollection object only supports the project function, which can be used like so:

    var accounts = Account.initialize([
      { email: 'jane.doe@example.com' },
      { email: 'ham.sandwich@example.com' },
      { email: 'rosewater@example.com' }
    ])
     
    var projections = accounts.project({
      email: 'email_address'
    })
     
    // projections = [
    //   { email_address: 'jane.doe@example.com' },
    //   { email_address: 'ham.sandwich@example.com' },
    //   { email_address: 'rosewater@example.com' }
    // ]

    Mappings

    Pass a mapping in the options.

    Account.initialize({ facebook: { bs: {}, id: '...' } }, { map: { '_id': 'facebook.id' } })

    Or predefine named mappings:

    Account.maps.facebook = {
      '_id': 'facebook.id'
    }
    Account.initialize(fbData, { map: 'facebook' })

    Selections

    Get a subset of an object.

    Account.initialize({...}, { select: ['name', 'email'] })

    Merging objects

    Merge works identical to initialize, except that it mutates an existing instance instead of creating a new one.

    var account = new Account({...})
    account.merge(data, { map: 'facebook' })

    If you would like to delete a property off of an object, then set the $unset operator on the options object to an array with the list of property names you would like to delete. For example,

    var account = new Account({ ssn: '123-456-7890' })
    account.merge({}, { $unset: [ 'ssn' ] })

    Trimming strings and arrays of strings

    Modinha supports automatically trimming strings or arrays of strings as the data is initialized. This feature is configured on the schema using the trim property:

    var Account = Modinha.define({
      name: {
        type: 'string',
        trim: true
      },
      contributions: {
        type: 'array',
        trim: true
      }
    })
     
    var account = new Account({
      name: '  Stephen Hawking  ',
      contributions: [
        'theories  ',
        '  understanding the fabric of the universe',
        ' ice bucket challenge survivor '
      ]
    })
     
    // account.name = 'Stephen Hawking'
    // account.contributions = [
    //   'theories',
    //   'understanding the fabric of the universe',
    //   'ice bucket challenge survivor'
    // ]

    String trimming can also be limited to only the leading or trailing whitespace by setting trim to an object with the leading and trailing boolean properties:

    var Account = Modinha.define({
      name: {
        type: 'string',
        trim: {
          leading: true
        }
      },
      contributions: {
        type: 'array',
        trim: {
          trailing: true
        }
      }
    })
     
    var account = new Account({
      name: '  Alan Turing  ',
      contributions: [
        'cracking the enigma code  ',
        '  theory of computation',
        ' the turing test '
      ]
    })
     
    // account.name = 'Alan Turing  '
    // account.contributions = [
    //   'cracking the enigma code',
    //   '  theory of computation',
    //   ' the turing test'
    // ]

    Serialization and deserialization

    By default, Modinha models serialize and deserialize JSON. These methods can be overridden to store data in a different format. For example, we might want to use MessagePack or CSV, or perhaps compress the data with snappy.

    Account.serialize = function (object) {
      return msgpack.pack(object);
    }
     
    Account.deserialize = function (data) {
      return msgpack.unpack(data);
    }

    Augment the model

    This model can be easily augmented with static and prototype methods.

    Account.create = function (data, options, callback) {
      // ...
    }
     
    Account.prototype.save = function (data, options, callback) {
      // ...
    }

    When a model requires many methods that are general and identical to other models, duplication can be avoided by extending the model with mixins.

    Extend the model

    Pass in a "class" (constructor) or explicit prototype and static augmentations.

    Model.extend(SomethingToMixin)
    Model.extend(proto, static)

    Inherit from a model

    var Admin = Account.inherit(proto, static)

    The MIT License

    Copyright (c) 2015 Anvil Research, Inc. http://anvil.io

    Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

    The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

    THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

    Keywords

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    Install

    npm i camfou-modinha

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    12

    Version

    0.4.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    58.6 kB

    Total Files

    12

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • camfou