callback-wrappers

wrappers for async callbacks that implement common error handling scenarios

callback-wrappers

Function wrappers for async callbacks that implement common, simple error handling scenarios.

    npm install callback-wrappers

Most async methods in the node world expect a callback with an (error, data) signature. In programming scenarios where complex error handling is impossible or unneccessary (for example you can simply log the error and exit the process) this can generate a lot of repetitive, boilerplate, error-handling code that can obscure your real logic, e.g.

asyncFunction1({ ... }, function (errordata) {
  if (error) {
    console.error(error);
    process.exit(1);
  } else {
    // some real logic here 
    asyncFunction2({ ... }, function (errordata) {
      if (error) {
        console.error(error);
        process.exit(2);
      } else {
        // some more real logic here 
      }
    });
  }
});

This module provides a bunch of wrappers that take a function with just (data) signature and produce a function with the (error, data) signature and the boiler plate logic in place. For example the exitIfError wrapper has the exact logic shown above, allowing for us to collapse that example down to

var exitIfError = require("callback-wrappers").exitIfError;
 
asyncFunction1({ ... }, exitIfError(1, function (data) {
  // some real logic here 
  asyncFunction2({ ... }, exitIfError(2, function (data) {
    // some more real logic here 
  });
});

There's also a nextIfError wrapper that takes a function with a (data, next) signature (where next is a callback of the (error, ...) variety). This simply passes error to next (and, unlike the other methods, does not log).

If messing with built-in objects' prototypes doesn't skeeve you out, you can use the Function() export to get Function.prototype decorated with all of the wrappers and our example can look like

require("callback-wrappers").Function();
 
asyncFunction1({ ... }, function (data) {
  // some real logic here 
  asyncFunction2({ ... }, function (data) {
    // some more real logic here 
  }.exitIfError(2));
}.exitIfError(1));

The wrappers all follow a naming convention of actionIfError, where action is one of log, abort, exit, throw or next. For brevity these can be referenced by the initials l, a, x, t and n, followed by ie (for "If Error"). Note that in all cases the error is logged, and in no case, including logIfError, will the wrapped function be called if the error parameter isn't empty.

  • 0.3.0: added nextIfError
  • 0.2.0: using Object.defineProperty to make the Function.prototype extensions not enumerable
  • 0.1.0: created

Thanks go to the nodejs group for comments and suggestions.

MIT