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    1.0.8 • Public • Published

    State Storage for Bot Framework using MongoDB

    This project provides a MongoDb storage mechanism for Bot Framework-JS SDK V4..

    It allows you to store bot state in MongoDB, so that you can scale out your bot, and be more resilient to bot server failures.

    Build and test


    • NodeJS 13.x was used to create and test this library.
    • MongoDB database, or a database exposing basic MongoDB syntax.


    npm install botbuilder-storage-mongodb

    Sample Usage

    (async () => {
      const mongoClient = new MongoClient("mongodb://localhost:27017/", { useUnifiedTopology: true });
      await mongoClient.connect();
      const collection = MongoDbStorage.getCollection(mongoClient);
      const mongoStorage = new MongoDbStorage(collection);
      // now we have a storage component instantiated:
      const conversationState = new ConversationState(mongoStorage);
      //... rest of your code

    See example code for more details.

    Specifying Mongo Collection

    The convenience method MongoDbStorage.getCollection(mongoClient) returns a MongoDB Collection object. It leverages default values MongoDbStorage.DEFAULT_DB_NAME and MongoDbStorage.DEFAULT_COLLECTION_NAME for the database and collection names respectively, resulting in the default collection BotFreamework.BotFrameworkState.

    You may alternatively call the method and supply dbName and collectionName to suit your needs:

      MongoDbStorage.getCollection(mongoClient, 'MyDbName','MyCollectionName')
      // collection "MyCollectionName" in the database "MyDbName"

    If using the method MongoDbStorage.getCollection(mongoClient) to obtain a collection, the mongoClient object must already be instantiated and connected!

    You can also skip using the convenience method and supply a Collection instance to the constructor by obtaining a collection reference from your application configured to your liking. One reason you may want or need to do so is if you want to provide collection specific options not exposed by the convenience method.

    ⚠ Caution: you should not store Mongo URL in code! Get the url from a configuration such as environment variable or a secrets store in your environment. It may contain sensitive password in the clear and should never be stored in code!

    See MongoDB Connection URI format in the official documentation to learn more about the connection url parameter value.

    Stale State

    Persisted state is stored indefinitely by Mongo, as the BotFramework on its own does not clean up persisted state.

    You can leverage MongoDB's TTL index to automatically delete state records a certain time after their creation. The field dt on the state items is updated each time a state is saved. It is therefore a good candidate for expire-after-x type cleanup.

    Using the MongoDB Shell, the commands below creates a TTL index on the dt field, causing MongoDB compliant engines to automatically delete documents older than 30 days:

      use BotFramework
       db.BotFrameworkState.createIndex({dt: 1}, {expireAfterSeconds: (60 * 60 * 24 * 30)});




    npm i botbuilder-storage-mongodb

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    • nurih