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body-parser-papandreou

body-parser

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Node.js body parsing middleware.

This does not handle multipart bodies, due to their complex and typically large nature. For multipart bodies, you may be interested in the following modules:

Other body parsers you might be interested in:

Installation

$ npm install body-parser

API

var bodyParser = require('body-parser')

bodyParser.json(options)

Returns middleware that only parses json. This parser accepts any Unicode encoding of the body and supports automatic inflation of gzip and deflate encodings.

The options are:

  • strict - only parse objects and arrays. (default: true)
  • inflate - if deflated bodies will be inflated. (default: true)
  • limit - maximum request body size. (default: <100kb>)
  • reviver - passed to JSON.parse()
  • type - request content-type to parse (default: json)
  • verify - function to verify body content

The type argument is passed directly to the type-is library. This can be an extension name (like json), a mime type (like application/json), or a mime time with a wildcard (like */json).

The verify argument, if supplied, is called as verify(req, res, buf, encoding), where buf is a Buffer of the raw request body and encoding is the encoding of the request. The parsing can be aborted by throwing an error.

The reviver argument is passed directly to JSON.parse as the second argument. You can find more information on this argument in the MDN documentation about JSON.parse.

bodyParser.raw(options)

Returns middleware that parses all bodies as a Buffer. This parser supports automatic inflation of gzip and deflate encodings.

The options are:

  • inflate - if deflated bodies will be inflated. (default: true)
  • limit - maximum request body size. (default: <100kb>)
  • type - request content-type to parse (default: application/octet-stream)
  • verify - function to verify body content

The type argument is passed directly to the type-is library. This can be an extension name (like bin), a mime type (like application/octet-stream), or a mime time with a wildcard (like application/*).

The verify argument, if supplied, is called as verify(req, res, buf, encoding), where buf is a Buffer of the raw request body and encoding is the encoding of the request. The parsing can be aborted by throwing an error.

bodyParser.text(options)

Returns middleware that parses all bodies as a string. This parser supports automatic inflation of gzip and deflate encodings.

The options are:

  • defaultCharset - the default charset to parse as, if not specified in content-type. (default: utf-8)
  • inflate - if deflated bodies will be inflated. (default: true)
  • limit - maximum request body size. (default: <100kb>)
  • type - request content-type to parse (default: text/plain)
  • verify - function to verify body content

The type argument is passed directly to the type-is library. This can be an extension name (like txt), a mime type (like text/plain), or a mime time with a wildcard (like text/*).

The verify argument, if supplied, is called as verify(req, res, buf, encoding), where buf is a Buffer of the raw request body and encoding is the encoding of the request. The parsing can be aborted by throwing an error.

bodyParser.urlencoded(options)

Returns middleware that only parses urlencoded bodies. This parser accepts only UTF-8 and iso-8859-1 encoding of the body and supports automatic inflation of gzip and deflate encodings.

The options are:

  • extended - parse extended syntax with the qs module. (default: true, but using the default has been deprecated. Please research into the difference between qs and querystring and choose the appropriate setting)
  • defaultCharset - the default charset to parse as, if not specified in content-type. Must be either utf-8 or iso-8859-1. The latter is only supported in extended mode. (default: utf-8)
  • utf8Sentinel - whether to let the value of the utf8 parameter take precedence as the charset selector. It requires the form to contain a parameter named utf8 with a value of . Only supported in extended mode. (default: false)
  • interpretNumericEntities - Whether to decode numeric entities such as &#9786; when parsing an iso-8859-1 form. Only supported in extended mode. (default: false)
  • inflate - if deflated bodies will be inflated. (default: true)
  • limit - maximum request body size. (default: <100kb>)
  • parameterLimit - maximum number of parameters. (default: 1000)
  • type - request content-type to parse (default: urlencoded)
  • verify - function to verify body content

The extended argument allows to choose between parsing the urlencoded data with the querystring library (when false) or the qs library (when true). The "extended" syntax allows for rich objects and arrays to be encoded into the urlencoded format, allowing for a JSON-like experience with urlencoded. For more information, please see the qs library.

The parameterLimit argument controls the maximum number of parameters that are allowed in the urlencoded data. If a request contains more parameters than this value, a 413 will be returned to the client.

The type argument is passed directly to the type-is library. This can be an extension name (like urlencoded), a mime type (like application/x-www-form-urlencoded), or a mime time with a wildcard (like */x-www-form-urlencoded).

The verify argument, if supplied, is called as verify(req, res, buf, encoding), where buf is a Buffer of the raw request body and encoding is the encoding of the request. The parsing can be aborted by throwing an error.

req.body

A new body object containing the parsed data is populated on the request object after the middleware.

Examples

express/connect top-level generic

This example demonstrates adding a generic JSON and urlencoded parser as a top-level middleware, which will parse the bodies of all incoming requests. This is the simplest setup.

var express = require('express')
var bodyParser = require('body-parser')
 
var app = express()
 
// parse application/x-www-form-urlencoded 
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: false }))
 
// parse application/json 
app.use(bodyParser.json())
 
app.use(function (req, res) {
  res.setHeader('Content-Type', 'text/plain')
  res.write('you posted:\n')
  res.end(JSON.stringify(req.body, null, 2))
})

express route-specific

This example demonstrates adding body parsers specifically to the routes that need them. In general, this is the most recommend way to use body-parser with express.

var express = require('express')
var bodyParser = require('body-parser')
 
var app = express()
 
// create application/json parser 
var jsonParser = bodyParser.json()
 
// create application/x-www-form-urlencoded parser 
var urlencodedParser = bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: false })
 
// POST /login gets urlencoded bodies 
app.post('/login', urlencodedParser, function (req, res) {
  if (!req.body) return res.sendStatus(400)
  res.send('welcome, ' + req.body.username)
})
 
// POST /api/users gets JSON bodies 
app.post('/api/users', jsonParser, function (req, res) {
  if (!req.body) return res.sendStatus(400)
  // create user in req.body 
})

change content-type for parsers

All the parsers accept a type option which allows you to change the Content-Type that the middleware will parse.

// parse various different custom JSON types as JSON 
app.use(bodyParser.json({ type: 'application/*+json' }))
 
// parse some custom thing into a Buffer 
app.use(bodyParser.raw({ type: 'application/vnd.custom-type' }))
 
// parse an HTML body into a string 
app.use(bodyParser.text({ type: 'text/html' }))

License

MIT